Emergency Steps 1)Recognize an emergency. How: Hearing: unusual noises, screaming Sight: Out of place items or behaviors Smells: unusual smells, gases
2)Decide to act Are you going to assist? If YES, CHECK FOR DANGER in the area before acting!
Good Samaritan Law: Persons acting in an emergency cannot be sued unless they knowingly acted unsafely.
3) Call for Help 911, Direct Number, Dial 0 Provide ALL necessary information: a)Your Name b)The Address c)What happened d)Injuries / How many e)Stay on the line!
4) Provide Care until Help Arrives What is that? FIRST AID based on the situation NEVER move victim unless you have to. When would you need to move a victim?
ABCD’s of First Aid A is for: AIRWAY Check for any blockage Head Tilt/Chin Lift
B is for: How? Look, Listen, Feel for 3 to 5 Seconds Breathing
C is for: Circulation Check for a Heartbeat / Pulse How?
D is for: LOOK for: MAJOR BLEEDING BROKEN BONES Disability
Choking Learn to Recognize Choking Learn to Recognize Choking International Sign International Sign Heimlich Maneuver Heimlich Maneuver Conscious Person Conscious Person Person is unable to cough, talk or make noise Person is unable to cough, talk or make noise Abdominal Thrusts Abdominal Thrusts Unconscious Person Unconscious Person
Bleeding Control Direct Pressure I.C.E. Ice Packs Compress (Pressure bandage) Elevation
Artery or Vein? Blood flow from an artery flows quick, in spurts and is bright red Blood flow from a vein flows Evenly and is dark
Call 911 for bleeding if… Victim has body part that is partially or fully amputated Victim has a cut and the blood is spurting out and is difficult to control Victim is bleeding so much that bandages are becoming soaked with blood.
GREAT RESOURCE Want answers to any health topic? First Aid Sexual Health Drugs Alcohol Fitness WWW.KIDSHEALTH.ORG
Allergic Reaction Allergic reactions are triggered by foods, medications, insect stings, pollen, or other substances.
Insect bites and Stings 1) Remove the stinger 1) Apply ice 2) Watch for allergic reactions – Rash 2) Tick Removal: Use fingernail to scrape body and head out Do not cover with oil / vaseline
Broken Bones Do not MOVE the injured person Apply cold/ice wrapped in cloth Get medical care Splints may be necessary. Medical help needed for all broken bones
Burns 1 st Degree: Outer layer of skin burned (sunburn) 2 nd Degree: Serious burn with blistering 3 rd Degree: Deep layers of skin and nerves damaged
Burn Care Submerge in cold Water (except 3 rd ) Wrap in dry clean dressing Do NOT put any ointments, butter or other remedies on burn
Burns continued Seek emergency medical care if…. 1. it’s a 2 nd or 3 rd degree burn 2. The burned area is large 3. The burn came from fire, electrical wire, socket or chemicals 4. The burn is on the face, hands, feet, joints, genitals 5. The burn looks infected
Heat Exhaustion & Heatstroke Heat exhaustion needs to be treated before it becomes a life threatening condition called heatstroke
Knocked-Out Tooth A knocked-out permanent tooth is a dental emergency!! Act quickly to save the tooth!
Knocked-Out Tooth Every minute a tooth is out of its socket means there is less chance that it will survive. A tooth has the best chance of survival if replaced within 30 minutes
Knocked-Out Tooth What to Do: Find the knocked-out tooth Find the knocked-out tooth Hand the tooth by its crown (top part), never by the root Hand the tooth by its crown (top part), never by the root Gently rinse (don’t scrub) immediately with saline solution or milk. Try to avoid top water Gently rinse (don’t scrub) immediately with saline solution or milk. Try to avoid top water
Knocked-Out Tooth What to Do Continued… *Keep the tooth from dyring out until you see the dentist by: 1. inserting the tooth back into the socket and holding in place. 2. storing the tooth in milk (not water) 3. placing the tooth between your cheek and lower gum
Knocked-Out Tooth See the dentist or go to your local emergency room right away. Think Prevention…. Wear mouth guards and protective gear
Sprain: Care: RICE 1) REST – don’t use that body part 2) Ice (cold) 3) Compression 4) Elevation If pain/swelling don’t stop – see DR. Joint that is stretched too far Bruise results from broken blood vessels below the skin
SHOCK Circulatory system can’t deliver oxygen to all body parts. Can occur after any accident. ALWAYS TREAT A VICTIM FOR SHOCK: Have victim lie down – elevate feet
Do You Have ICE in Your Cell Phone? In Case of Emergency Program ICE into your contacts. Then add the # of the person who should contacted in case of an emergency.
Whaddyado video clips Choking Choking Choking Seizure Seizure Seizure Water Sport Accident Water Sport Accident Water Sport Accident Water Sport Accident Static Electricity Explosion Static Electricity Explosion Static Electricity Explosion Static Electricity Explosion Flash Flood part 1 Flash Flood part 1 Flash Flood part 1 Flash Flood part 1 Flash Flood part 2 Flash Flood part 2 Flash Flood part 2 Flash Flood part 2