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Emergency First Aid and CPR. NOTICE This presentation is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care or First Aid and CPR/AED training.

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Presentation on theme: "Emergency First Aid and CPR. NOTICE This presentation is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care or First Aid and CPR/AED training."— Presentation transcript:

1 Emergency First Aid and CPR

2 NOTICE This presentation is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care or First Aid and CPR/AED training Always ask permission to treat Permission is implied if victim is unconscious or an unaccompanied minor

3 Universal Precautions Use barrier precautions to prevent skin and mucous membrane exposure Treat everyone as if contagious

4 Emergency First Aid – Take Action If you are the first person at the scene of an accident or severe illness, you may be called to act in providing care until professional emergency medical care arrives. Make sure the scene is safe! CHECK CALL CARE

5 Emergency – No Life Signs Call 911 Is an AED machine available? IF YES, follow its directions If NO, begin the: ABC s of First Aid A irway – open airway B reathing – 2 breaths C irculation – 30 compressions s evere bleeding (control)

6 Emergency - CPR 30 compressions/2 breaths – 4 cycles Check for life signs –breathing –pulse –movement If none: repeat chest compressions/breaths

7 Emergency - Choking IF conscious – cannot cough or speak: Lean victim forward – 5 back blows and 5 quick upward abdominal thrusts Continue 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts Until: object comes out person can breath or cough well person loses consciousness

8 Emergency - Choking IF choking victim loses consciousness: - with victim on the floor, open airway - check for an object - remove if seen - attempt 2 breaths, if they go in follow steps of A B C s - if breaths do not go in – 30 chest compressions then 2 more attempted breaths Continue until object is removed, or EMS arrives

9 Severe Bleeding Elevate Apply pressure with dressing – add additional dressings as needed – never remove existing compresses Treat around impaled objects – do not remove

10 Shock – Call 911 Victim should lie down if possible Elevate legs inches if no head/spine injury suspected Maintain body temperature Maintain ABC s

11 Strains and Sprains RICE R – Rest the injured area I – Ice, apply cold pack (dont apply directly C – Compress, wrap snuggly but not too tight E – Elevate, above the heart

12 Burns Minor: 1 st degree, 2 nd degree –Cool the burn –Cover the burn Major: 3 rd degree or 2 nd degree over large % of body –Call 911 –Cover burn if possible –Treat for shock

13 Severe Illness - call 911 Diabetic Emergency Seizure – prevent injury Poison/ Allergic Reaction Heart Attack Stroke – F A S T Asthma attack If conscious, gather information: Meds/food/drinks Skin color/temperature Allergies/ health issues Treat for Shock Maintain body temp. Assist with meds. Maintain A B C s

14 Review: First Aid/CPR/AED Call 911 whenever victim: is unconscious is not breathing is choking has persistent chest pain has bone or joint fracture / deformity has severe bleeding / internal injuries has severe burns has seizures / stroke or shock symptoms

15 Review You have reviewed the basic skills needed to recognize and give immediate care to a suddenly ill or injured person until more advanced medical care arrives.


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