Presentation on theme: "Events leading to Revolution American Identity"— Presentation transcript:
1 Events leading to Revolution American Identity Ch
2 Development of government StandardMain events before USAFounding of USADevelopment of governmentOur government today…
3 Essential Question Relationship Conflict Change What events created tension between Britain & the colonies, leading to Revolution ( independence)?RelationshipConflictChange
4 Why did the American colonists have the rights of Englishmen? American Colonists = British subjects living in AmericaBrought ideas from Great BritainThe colonists experiences with British government influenced what they thought about limited government.The colonists expected their government to preserve their rights as English subjects.
5 Salutary Neglect Colonies were far away Great Britain paying little attention & interfering little with the coloniesColonists used to act on their own = ruling themselves
6 British or American??to far away ( Salutary Neglect)As the years past, the colonial government took on more power and responsibility.The British colonists were living as AmericansThey were building: Towns / Churches / Roads / schools / their own governmentColonies formed own elected assemblies/ representatives ( similar to House of Commons)House of Burgesses ( Virginia)Imposed taxesManaged coloniesColonies governed themselves, but England still had authority over them
7 British or American??2. At first the British government was content at leaving the colonies alone.( Salutary neglect)3. But as the colonies grew more successful, Great Britain saw them as a source of great wealth.( Mercantilism)4. In the mid-1700s the action of Parliament led to a series of events that made some colonists see themselves as real Americans.1. They built a thriving economy and learned they could settle their own problems without the help of Britain.
8 Events leading to revolution Revolution = changes by force….. CONFLICTEvents leading to revolution
9 1. Money in the ColoniesDuring the late 1600s and 1700s, the government of Great Britain followed a policy of mercantilism.
10 1. MercantilismThe theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys.The British thought this would bring wealth.This wealth would then be used to develop the nation’s industry and navy.For the policy to work, Britain needed a source of cheap materials with which to manufacture goods.So after ignoring the American colonies for many years, the British government began to realize the value of the colonies.
11 1. Mercantilism & Navigation Acts Tighter British controlBy British ParliamentLaws – limiting & controlling trade within coloniesBritish policy was to squeeze as much wealth as possible out of America.Supported system of MercantilismParliament passed a series of laws that required the colonies to sell raw materials to Britain at low prices.The colonists also had to buy British goods at higher prices.English ships onlyEnglish portscertain products sold only to England
12 2. Great Awakening 1730’s & 1740’s in America Religious movement QuestioningIndividual worthThoughts of EqualityReligious / spiritualSocialRight to challenge authorityStarted changing ideas of colonists & led to social fervor - prepare them to break away from England
13 3.French & Indian War : New land – debts & taxes The situation became worse.After 1763 Britain fought a long, expensive war with France and had gone into debt.To pay its heavy war debts, Britain began to place heavy taxes on the American colonies.
14 3. Problems with France England VS. France Problems over land & fur trade
15 Albany Plan – “Join or Die” During problems w/ FrancePlan by colonists“Albany Plan”Meeting in Albany, NYInvite Colonists to join to fight against a common enemy (French)Political CartoonBy Ben Franklin
16 3. French & Indian War What? French & Indian War When? 1754-1763 Who? British / Colonists/ Native American AlliesVSFrench / colonists/ Native American AlliesWhy? (Cause)Land ( Ohio River Valley )power/ tradeWinner? British
17 French & Indian War - Consequences Consequences? Outcomes or EffectsTreaty of Paris of 1763End of war – England wonFrance lost their land: England obtain new land in America: Britain claimed all land east of Mississippi River
18 4. After the French & Indian War Proclamation Act of 1763 Problems with Native AmericansColonists moving across mountains into Native American landsProclamation Act of 1763Prohibits colonist to settle / move west to Appalachian MountainsOfficial declaration by King of England & Parliament1763 – after French & Indian WarBanned British settlers west of Appalachian MountainsWhy? To avoid problems with IndiansColonists were angry / will ignored it
19 VISUAL – Reading NOTES Read Ch VISUAL – Reading NOTES Read Ch. 6 : Workbook pages or textbook pages Create visual notes explaining the events that created conflict between the British & colonists, and some tools of protest used by the colonistsEvent:___________________________________Explanation:
20 After the French & Indian War: Tighter British Control New land New debtsNew taxes in the colonies
21 Opposition to British policies Colonists complaints Colonists … “Britain threatening our rights”“ We are British subjects” “ We have rights”No taxation without consent“NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION”Colonists didn’t have representatives in ParliamentTaxes take away their freedoms & rightsAgainst their rights as British citizens
22 Colonial Resistance Protests Boycotts- refuse to buy Tea PartyBoycotts- refuse to buyCommittees of CorrespondenceCommunication within colonies ( letters)Petition to the KingAsking the King what they wantedSecret Societies ( “underground” groups)Sons of LibertyDaughters of Liberty
23 Boston Massacre - 1770 Protest – went wrong Tension between troops & colonistsViolent eventSoldiers fire5 colonists dead1st time that British troops had killed colonistsUsed as propagandaAnti-British feelingsVideo Clip
24 Conflicts ContinueProblems between Britain and its colonies continue….Day of Boston Massacre a proposal to repeal the Townshend ActsAll taxes except one were eventually repealedTax on Tea – Tea Act ( new law)
25 Continuation of taxation To show who is boss! Tax on tea Tea ActContinuation of taxationTo show who is boss!Tax on tea
26 Boston Tea Party: Colonial Response to Tea Act Protest ( Sons of Liberty)Disguised as Native AmericansDumped British tea in the Boston harbor
27 British response to the Boston Tea Party: Intolerable or Coercive Acts This did not help the situation. Parliament passed a new series of laws, which the American called the Intolerable Acts1774Series of laws to punish Boston, MassachusettsMass. Must pay teaA warning to other coloniesClosed port of BostonBanned committees of correspondenceTook other rights from colonists (no trial by jury)Force colonists to house British troops (Quartering Act - AGAIN!!!)
28 Colonists response to the Intolerable Acts: 1st Continental Congress The colonies will join, and offer their support to Massachusetts , sending food, clothing, etc.Communication & Unity within the colonies – Committees of CorrespondenceCalled a meeting to discuss what to do next- First Continental Congress