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British Economic Policies in the Colonies

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Presentation on theme: "British Economic Policies in the Colonies"— Presentation transcript:

1 British Economic Policies in the Colonies
The Road to Revolution Salutary Neglect British Mercantilism British Economic Policies in the Colonies

2 Use your knowledge of the 13 colonies to answer the following questions for both photographs pictured below.What regions are they located in? Describe the geography of each photo and address the type of economy each region would have? 1 2

3 The Proclamation Line of 1763
Colonist felt that England was attempting to control them England wants to avoid Indian trouble Colonies were angered over idea that they must pay for cost of war and British troops now

4 Salutary Neglect British have left the colonies alone
British try to enforce laws and taxes after the French and Indian War without the consent of the colonies British do not understand colonists are used to representative government Colonies have formed own governments Colonist are used to managing their own affairs with their elected representatives “Taxation without representation”, colonist want to have a say in government through elected reps.

5 British Mercantilism System were England controls colonial trade and taxes Colonies provided raw materials for Britain If colonies received imports the goods had to arrive on British Ships Certain colonial goods were sold only to England, but not to other countries Colonies were to serve as a market for English manufactured goods

6 Navigation Acts Restricted colonial trade, manufacturing and shipping to other countries Colonists smuggle and disregard Acts Salutary Neglect: Britain has allowed the colonies to prosper under their protection with little or no control

7 Sugar Act 1764 Tax placed on sugar and molasses because colonists are British subjects Colonist protest and smuggle sugar and molasses

8 Quartering Act 1765 Required colonies to provide British troops with quarters and supplies Colonial assemblies vote to refuse to supply British soldiers

9 Stamp Act 1765 Any item that was made of paper required a stamped tax payment to be made Colonists argue “taxation with representation”, Stamp Act is repealed

10 Townshend Acts 1767 Tax on glass, lead, paper, paint and tea
Colonist smuggle goods, boycott British goods, and fight with British troops

11 Tea Act 1773 Tax on tea, it is a plan to bail out East India Tea company through tax on tea Boston Tea Party and smuggling of tea

12 Intolerable Acts 1774 Response to Tea Party, assembly and town meetings dissolved, port of Boston closed,and British tried in England Militias form, colonies send representatives to 1st Continental Congress meets and starts colonial boycott

13 Quebec Act 1774 Prohibited colonists from moving into Ohio River Valley, Catholic religion in region Colonists expected to settle into the region

14 Monarchy vs. Representative Government
In a monarchy the governing power lies with a king and those that he appoints to office Parliament was the lawmaking body in England Citizens elect their own representatives who will represent them in government People create their government and have the right to make changes when they see fit (laws, elections)

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