Presentation on theme: "The American Revolution!"— Presentation transcript:
1The American Revolution! What Started All The Trouble?
2The French And Indian War 1753-1763 English colonists wanted to start settling in the rich land of the Ohio River ValleyFrance said this area belonged to them (It was claimed for France by LaSalle when he discovered the Mississippi River)Britain won the war, but it cost a lot of money for supplies and soldiers
3How Did This Effect The Colonists? British Parliament decided that the war debt should be paid by the colonistsBritish government changed its colonial policyBefore the war the colonist were allowed to govern and tax themselves. After the war, the British Parliament changed this relationshipThe colonist resisted this policy
4What Else Made The Colonists Unhappy? Britain had spent a lot of money on the French and Indian WarThe King thought the colonist needed to help pay for the warThe King started taxing the colonists without letting them have a vote on itThe colonists thought this was UNFAIR!
5What Taxes Were Passed?Stamp Act (1765) Colonists had to pay tax on any printed materials they bought such as newspapers, legal documents, and playing cardsTownsend Act (1767) This was a tariff (tax) on goods brought into America from other countries. This taxed paper, wool, TEA, and other things
6How Did The Colonists React To The Stamp Act? Colonists protested with the cry “No taxation without representation!”Colonists did not have a representative in Parliament and therefore had no voice
7What Else Did The Colonists Do? Colonist organized a Stamp Act Congress, which sent a petition to the king and declared a boycott (refusal to buy) on British goodsThey organized the Sons and Daughters of Liberty which were groups of people who met to figure out ways to deal with the King and his unfair taxesColonists also formed the Committees of Correspondence. This group of people wrote letters to keep each other informed about what was going on in their colony in reference to the unfair taxes and boycotts
8Explain To Your Partner What The Stamp Act Was And How The Colonists Reacted
9The Tea Act The Tea Act was not a tax This act gave the British East India Company exclusive rights to sell tea in the coloniesThe colonist were boycotting tea because of the Townsend ActsThe Sons of Liberty feared that that the availability of cheap tea would threaten the effectiveness of their boycottIn Boston they threw the tea overboard. This was called the Boston Tea Party
10Boston Tea PartySome of the Sons of Liberty dressed up like Indians and boarded a British ship full of tea. They dumped the tea in the Boston Harbor
11Did This Make The King Mad? YES!!!!!!!!The King Passed the Intolerable Acts –He punished the colonists for the Boston Tea Party by:Placing more soldiers in BostonPutting Massachusetts under control ofthe British general Thomas Gage3. Closing the Boston Harbor
12Do You Want To Know More About The Intolerable Acts? The Intolerable Acts closed the Boston HarborBritish named these The Coercive Acts because they were designed to force the colonist to pay for the dumped teaThe King wanted the colonists to recognize that right for Parliament to tax the colonistsThe First Continental Congress was formed and established a boycott on all trade with Great BritainThe First Continental Congress also advised the colonist to arm themselves. This led to the Battle of Lexington and Concord and the start of the Revolutionary War