Presentation on theme: "The French and Indian War By: Alfondso/Mrs. Maye."— Presentation transcript:
The French and Indian War By: Alfondso/Mrs. Maye
Terms to Know Ally- A person or group that joins with another to work toward a goal Congress- A group of representatives who meet to discuss a subject Rebellion- A fight against a government Proclamation- An official public statement.
War Between France and Britain Both France and Britain had colonies in North America. Both colonies fought many of years and in 1750 fought over the Ohio River Valley. In Albany the colonies held a proclamation to discuss how to fight France. The British wanted to trade furs and farm around the Ohio River. George Washington lead an army into the valley.
Choosing Sides The war that began in the Ohio River Valley was the French and Indian War. The British colonists wanted control of the Ohio River because they wanted to be the most powerful country. Most of the American Indian Nations were allies of the French. Some American Indian Nations such as Mohawk was allies of the British. Mohawks had traded with British for many years and formed ties.
Benjamin Franklin’s Albany Plan Representatives from colonies held meetings to discuss how to fight France in Representatives often voted on important issues. Benjamin Franklin was an attendee at the Albany Congress. Both Countries signed the Treaty of Paris agreement in 1763.
Victory for Britain Britain was losing the war until William Pill became leader of Britain’s Parliament. Pitts sent many ships and soldiers to North America to take capture of French forts. In 1759 the British defeated the French near Quebec.
Troubles After the War After the treaty the British stayed at the Ohio River Valley. Pontiac a Ottawa chief led Indians to war against the British Britain defeated Pontiac's army. The Proclamation of 1763 colonist did not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Early Conflicts with Britain
Terms to Know Tax- Money that people pay to their government in return for services. Smuggling- Imported goods illegally. Liberty- Freedom from being controlled by another government. Protest- An event at which people complain about an issues. Boycott- A group of people that refuses to buy, sell, or use certain goods. Repeal- A law that means to cancel it.
Britain Needs Money Winning the French and Indian war cost a great deal of money. No colonists were represented in the British Parliament when laws were made. King George and British Parliament decided colonist should pay the costs of war. Britain planned to raise money by collecting taxes.
New Taxes In 1764 the Sugar Act was created by Britain. The act taxed not sugar but other goods such as coffee and cloth. Britain usually taxed goods. Some merchants avoided paying the tax by smuggling goods illegally. American Colonists had representatives in local governments but none in Parliament. Across the colonies groups were formed by the name of Sons of Liberty.
Conflicts Over Taxes October 1965 nine colonies sent representatives to a meeting in New York called Stamp Act Congress. New York and Philadelphia agreed to hold boycotts on British goods. Merchants hoped that they boycott would force the British government to cancel the Stamp Act. Parliament agreed to cancel the Stamp Act in 1766.
The Townshend Acts 1767 Parliament created new taxes to pay for British services. The Townshend Act put a tax on tea, glass, led, paint, and paper. British government sent soldiers to protect its tax officials.
Daughters of Liberty The Townshend Act held a boycott on British goods. The daughters of Liberty wove their own cloth and used it as clothes. Parliament decided to remove taxes, glass, lead, paints and paper. The British government continued to grow even though taxes had been repealed.
Terms to Know Massacre- Killing of many people Correspondence- Written Communication Quarter- People that gives food and shelter Delegate- Someone chosen to speak and act for others
Trouble in Boston March 5,1770 a fight broke out between Boston and British. Crispus Attucks were one of the colonist killed in the Boston Massacre.
Colonists Take Action Paul Revere was the creator of the masterpiece Boston Massacre. John Adam a Boston lawyer defended soldiers at their trail. Adams tried to prove that the soldiers has been protecting themselves Samuel Adams wanted colonist to know what happened. In 1772 Adams had set up Committees of Correspondence to share news.
The Boston Tea Party 1773 Parliament passed the Tea Act. Merchants avoided paying taxes by smuggling tea into colonies. Boston Merchants would not sell East Indian Tea and sit unloaded on ships in the Boston Harbor. Fredrick North passed laws called Coercive Acts to punish colonists in Massachusetts.
The First Continental Congress September 5, 1774 all delegates meet expect for Georgia. Original Meetings became known as the First Continental Congress. King George was asked to stop taxing colonist without their agreement and repeal Intolerable Acts.
Terms to Know Patriot- Colonist who opposed British rules. Militia- A group of ordinary people who train for battle Minuteman- Militias with special training Commander-A officer who is in charge of an army Petition- A written request from a number of people
Moving Toward War In 1775 colonist felt that the Intolerable Act were too harsh. Patriots spoke out against British governments. Mercy Otis Warren was a Patriot writer. Patrick Henry was eager for war with Britain.
Paul Revere’s Ride Thomas Gage, a new British governor of Massachusetts ordered to stop possible rebellion. Gage learned that Patriots were storing gun powder and cannons in Concord. Their were two riders spreading news Paul Revere and William Dawes. April 18, British soldiers had set off for Concord. Samuel Prescott also helped Revere and Dawes Spread the news.
The First Battles British Soldiers reached Lexington on April 19 th. As a minuteman turned to leave a shot was fired and 8 colonist was shot and 9 wounded. Battles of Lexington and Concord soon spread quickly.
Bunker Hill Militia Leaders decided to build a fort on Bunker Hill. Bunker Hill was chosen to fight British Soldiers in Boston June 16 th building a fort with dirt walls were six feet high. More than 2,000 British Soldiers began their march up Breed’s Hill.