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Patriot Loyalist America England American Revolution Key Individuals.

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Presentation on theme: "Patriot Loyalist America England American Revolution Key Individuals."— Presentation transcript:

1 Patriot Loyalist America England American Revolution Key Individuals

2 Revolution is the overthrow of a government, with a new government taking its place. The American Colonies formed a revolution against the king of England. 1. King George III was the British king during the Revolutionary era. He is remembered as the British king who lost the American colonies.

3 2. George Washington was the Commander in chief of the Continental Army. He later became the first president of the United States. Born February 22, 1732 and Died December 14, 1799

4 3. John Adams was a Massachusetts lawyer who served on the Declaration of Independence Committee. He later became the second president of the United States. Adams was a patriot who joined the protests against the Stamp Act. Born October 30, 1735 and Died July 4, 1826

5 4. Benjamin Franklin was a colonial leader who was also an inventor and scientist. He helped create the Declaration of Independence. Born January 17, 1706 and Died April 17, 1790

6 5. Patrick Henry was a Virginia political leader known for a famous speech just before the American Revolution began. He said, “I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death!” His patriotism was obvious and deeply felt. Born May 29, 1736 and Died June 6, 1799

7 6. Thomas Jefferson was the main author of the Declaration of Independence. He was a gifted writer and later became the third president of the United States. Born April 13, 1743 and Died July 4, 1826

8 7. Benedict Arnold was a former Continental Army officer who turned against the Americans and joined the British Army. He is one of the most famous “traitors” in history. Born January 14, 1741 and Died June 14, 1801

9 8. Patriotism is a feeling or love for ones’ homeland. 9. Trustworthiness is the condition of deserving to be trusted. 10. Honesty is the condition or fact of being honest, trusted. -Not stealing, cheating, or lying

10 Patriot Loyalist America England American Revolution Causes

11 1. French and Indian War (1754 to 1763) took place in the colonies between England and France for control of America. Many Native Americans helped the French in the war. After the British won, they had lost a lot of money so they decided to tax the colonists to make money to pay for the war.

12 2. Britain’s Imperial Policy was related to the empire and included how to control the colonies. It involved many actions by England starting in 1763. 3. Slogan is a short set of words to help you remember something.

13 4. Stamp Act of 1765 required colonists to buy a government stamp for almost every paper document like: newspapers, legal documents, and playing cards. The colonists were not happy and began to use the slogan, “No taxation without representation.”

14 5. Sons of Liberty was a secret organization formed in Boston in 1765 to protest the Stamp Act and the Tea Act. Some Notable Members: -John Adams -Patrick Henry -Benedict Arnold -Benjamin Franklin Their flag with nine vertical stripes representing the loyal nine memebers represented in the Sons of Liberty organization.

15 6. Boston Tea Party was an act of rebellion by the colonist on December 16, 1773 against the tea tax to encourage others to join the battle against England. Sons of Liberty members disguised themselves as Native Americans and dumped 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor.

16 Patriot Loyalist America England American Revolution Battles

17 1. Congress is a meeting or convention. 2. First Continental Congress took place in 1774 in Philadelphia. The purpose was to discuss the problems the colonies were having with England. 3. Second Continental Congress took place in 1775 in Philadelphia. The purpose was to discuss breaking away from England and becoming an independent nation.

18 5. Tyranny is a very cruel and unfair use of power. 4. Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson and his committee as a way for the colonists to respond to the tyranny and abuse of power by England’s King George III. The document was a statement that the colonies wanted to be free and rule themselves. They felt they had been denied the basic right of freedom.

19 6. Lexington and Concord was the first armed battle in the American Revolution. It took place in Massachusetts on April 19, 1775. The Americans hid in the woods and behind stone fences while England returned to the hills outside Charlestown. The British won the battle in Lexington and the Americans won the battle in Concord. The British troops were sent to find a storehouse of weapons that the colonists had gathered. But the Massachusetts militia, known as the Minutemen, were ready!


21 7. Battle of Saratoga was the turning point of the Revolution in October 1777. The American troops defeated the British in New York. This victory convinced the French to help the colonies fight against England. The geography of Saratoga affected the outcome of the battle. The terrain and weather caused problems for the British where the Americans used the terrain to their advantage.

22 8. Yorktown was the last battle where the Continental Army defeated British troops. On October 19, 1781 in Yorktown, Virginia England’s Lord Cornwallis surrendered to General George Washington. The Americans and French used the location of the British camp against them. They surrounded Yorktown to cut off the British to lead to the surrender.

23 Here is a list of all the battles in the American Revolution: utionary_War_battles

24 Patriot Loyalist America England Natural Rights

25 1. Natural Rights were listed in the Declaration of Independence that belong to every human being. They are “unalienable”, which means they are part of our nature.

26 2. Right to Life is a natural right where every person has his own unique life. Every person has the right to live. 3. Right to Liberty is a natural right where every person has the right to be free. 4. Right to Pursuit of Happiness is a natural right where every person has the right to seek happiness in life.

27 5. Preamble is the part of the constitution that sets forth the goals and purposes to be served by the government. The Preamble to the Constitution of the United States begins, “We the people”, which establishes that the power of the government comes from the people.

28 6. Popular Sovereignty is the concept that political power belongs to the people. “We the people” establishes popular sovereignty. This means that people give permission before the government makes laws that the people have to live by.

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