Presentation on theme: "Intolerable (Coercive)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Intolerable (Coercive) Aim: How did tensions between Britain and the Colonists after the French and Indian War lead to the American Revolution?Do Now: COMPLETE SURVEY THEN >>> Copy the timeline of events below.1774Intolerable (Coercive)Acts1766Townshed ActsFrench andIndian WarThe SugarAct17641773Tea ActThe Navigation ActsProclamationOf 17631766The Declaratory Act1765Stamp Act1770Boston Masacre1773Boston Tea Party
2 What do you believe this phrase means? No Taxation Without RepresentationWhat do you believe this phrase means?
3 Quick Review: French and Indian War (7 years war) French and Indian war ( ), was the conflict between French and British in North America.Cause:The French and the British were fighting over the Appalachian territory.Effect :Britain abandons policy of Salutary neglect and begins to strictly enforce the Navigation Acts.Britain imposes Sugar Tax on the colonists togenerate money to pay for war debt .Britain enforces Proclamation Line of 1763
5 ActivityIn pairs, use the reading to complete your Chart on the Events Leading to American War for IndependenceDescription= What was it?Significance= Why was it important?Colonial Response= How did the colonists react to these events?
6 The Navigation Acts (1651-1673) The English Navigation Acts were a series of laws that restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade between England and the colonies.Cause: England wanted to force colonies to trade with them ONLYand stop direct colonial trade with other countries.Effect: Irritation with stricter enforcement of the Navigation acts after the French and Indian War became one source of resentment by merchants in the American colonies
7 Colonist must stay East of the line Proclamation of 1763Proclamation of The British prohibited colonial Settlement west of the Appalachians .Cause:Native Americans were upset after the defeat and were attacking coloniesBritain did not want to provoke the NativesBritain wanted peace because more war would equal need to spend more money.Native Indians areAngry over loss of landColonist must stay East of the lineProclamation of 1763Effect:Colonist become very upset because of restrictionsColonies begin to unify
8 The Sugar Act of 1764The Sugar Act placed a tax on sugar, wine, and other important goods in the colonies.Cause: The British wanted more money to help provide more security for the colonies.The British wanted to force colonists to sell their goods to Britain as opposed to selling to other countries.Effects:The Sugar Act made the colonies very upset.Trade restrictions caused colonist to lose moneySome colonists started to boycott, or to quit buying, British goods.
9 Stamp Act of 1765Britain taxed all legal, commercial and printed paper documents, as well as other materials like…newspapers, customs documents, licenses, college diplomas, playing cards, etc…Items would be stamped when the tax was paid.This was the first direct tax placed on the colonies.Effect:The colonist were angered and boycotted All paper goods and stores.Offenders were to be tried in vice-admiralty courts without a jury
10 The Declaratory Act of 1766Although the Stamp Act was repealed by Parliament in 1766, new laws were passed and new policies were enforced in order to tie the colonists more closely to their mother country:CAUSE: To save face Parliament issued the declaration ofThe declaration stated that Parliament's authority was the same in America as in Britain.Britain has the right and authority to pass laws that are binding on the American colonies.
11 Townshend Acts of 1765Series of 1767 laws named for Charles Townshend, British Treasurer to raise British Revenue.These laws placed new taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea.Effect:Colonial reaction to these taxes was the same as to the Sugar Act and Stamp ActBritain eventually repealed all the taxes except the one on tea.In 1768, Great Britain sends more troops to the colonies to deal with resistance in the colonies
12 Video ClipsAs we watch two short clips on the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party…Why were these events so significant?How did these events lead to the American Revolution?
13 Boston MassacreOn March 5, 1770 British troops fired on a crowd of Bostonians, killing five people. The event was called the Boston Massacre.The colonists were angered and believed that Britain maintained too much power over the colonies through the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Townshend Acts.The First person killed was an African-American man named Crispus Attacks, was killed.Effect: Shooting showed the dangers of having British troops in the colonial towns.The events of the Boston Massacre were spread quickly by newspapers throughout the colonies, further angering colonists.Great Britain was forced to repeal all of the new taxes.However, in order to send a message that they were still in charge, they left the tax on tea in place.
14 Tea Act of 1773Cause: Britain needing money to pay for the French & Indian warEffects:Tea Act - This act helped the British east India company by giving it control over the American tea tradeColonist were angry because they still had to pay tax on the shippersMerchants were upset about new law because they still had to pay tax on there tea.The Tea act of 1773 was an attempt to assist the British East India Company out of its financial troubles. This act gave the company a monopoly on the tea trade in the colonies.By eliminating the middlemen, it made the tea cheaper than the highly taxed imported tea that the colonial merchants sold.
15 Boston Tea Party CAUSE: Colonist (called Sons of Liberty) protested British taxationby dressing up as Indians and throwing tons of tea into the harbor.This event became known as "the Boston tea party”EFFECT:Colonial resistance resulted in damage to private property and Britain felt that it could not let this episode go unpunished. The result was the Five Intolerable Acts.
16 Intolerable (or Coercive) Acts of 1774 These were laws that enacted in response to the Boston Tea Party that severely restricting the rights of colonists:Quartering Act (March 24, 1765): This bill required that Colonial Authorities to furnish barracks and supplies to British troops. In 1766, it was expanded to public houses and unoccupied buildings…Boston Port Bill (June 1, 1774): This bill closed the port of Boston to all colonists until, the damages from the Boston Tea Party were paid for.Administration of Justice Act (May 20, 1774): This bill stated that British Officials could not be tried in provincial courts for capital crimes. They would be extradited back to Britain and tried there. This effectively gave the British free reign to do whatever they wished, because no justice would be served while they were still in the colonies.Massachusetts Government Act (May 20, 1774): This bill effectively annulled the charter of the colonies, giving the British Governor complete control of the town meetings, and taking control out of the hands of the colonialists.Quebec Act (May 20, 1774): This bill extended the Canadian borders to cut off The western colonies of Conn. Mass. and Va.