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Intolerable (Coercive)

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Presentation on theme: "Intolerable (Coercive)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Intolerable (Coercive)
Aim: How did tensions between Britain and the Colonists after the French and Indian War lead to the American Revolution? Do Now: COMPLETE SURVEY THEN >>> Copy the timeline of events below. 1774 Intolerable (Coercive) Acts 1766 Townshed Acts French and Indian War The Sugar Act 1764 1773 Tea Act The Navigation Acts Proclamation Of 1763 1766 The Declaratory Act 1765 Stamp Act 1770 Boston Masacre 1773 Boston Tea Party

2 What do you believe this phrase means?
No Taxation Without Representation What do you believe this phrase means?

3 Quick Review: French and Indian War (7 years war)
French and Indian war ( ), was the conflict between French and British in North America. Cause: The French and the British were fighting over the Appalachian territory. Effect : Britain abandons policy of Salutary neglect and begins to strictly enforce the Navigation Acts. Britain imposes Sugar Tax on the colonists to generate money to pay for war debt . Britain enforces Proclamation Line of 1763


5 Activity In pairs, use the reading to complete your Chart on the Events Leading to American War for Independence Description= What was it? Significance= Why was it important? Colonial Response= How did the colonists react to these events?

6 The Navigation Acts (1651-1673)
The English Navigation Acts were a series of laws that restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade between England and the colonies. Cause: England wanted to force colonies to trade with them ONLY and stop direct colonial trade with other countries. Effect: Irritation with stricter enforcement of the Navigation acts after the French and Indian War became one source of resentment by merchants in the American colonies

7 Colonist must stay East of the line
Proclamation of 1763 Proclamation of The British prohibited colonial Settlement west of the Appalachians . Cause: Native Americans were upset after the defeat and were attacking colonies Britain did not want to provoke the Natives Britain wanted peace because more war would equal need to spend more money. Native Indians are Angry over loss of land Colonist must stay East of the line Proclamation of 1763 Effect: Colonist become very upset because of restrictions Colonies begin to unify

8 The Sugar Act of 1764 The Sugar Act placed a tax on sugar, wine, and other important goods in the colonies. Cause: The British wanted more money to help provide more security for the colonies. The British wanted to force colonists to sell their goods to Britain as opposed to selling to other countries. Effects: The Sugar Act made the colonies very upset. Trade restrictions caused colonist to lose money Some colonists started to boycott, or to quit buying, British goods.

9 Stamp Act of 1765 Britain taxed all legal, commercial and printed paper documents, as well as other materials like… newspapers, customs documents, licenses, college diplomas, playing cards, etc… Items would be stamped when the tax was paid. This was the first direct tax placed on the colonies. Effect: The colonist were angered and boycotted All paper goods and stores. Offenders were to be tried in vice-admiralty courts without a jury

10 The Declaratory Act of 1766 Although the Stamp Act was repealed by Parliament in 1766, new laws were passed and new policies were enforced in order to tie the colonists more closely to their mother country: CAUSE: To save face Parliament issued the declaration of The declaration stated that Parliament's authority was the same in America as in Britain. Britain has the right and authority to pass laws that are binding on the American colonies.

11 Townshend Acts of 1765 Series of 1767 laws named for Charles Townshend, British Treasurer to raise British Revenue. These laws placed new taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. Effect: Colonial reaction to these taxes was the same as to the Sugar Act and Stamp Act Britain eventually repealed all the taxes except the one on tea. In 1768, Great Britain sends more troops to the colonies to deal with resistance in the colonies

12 Video Clips As we watch two short clips on the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party… Why were these events so significant? How did these events lead to the American Revolution?

13 Boston Massacre On March 5, 1770 British troops fired on a crowd of Bostonians, killing five people. The event was called the Boston Massacre. The colonists were angered and believed that Britain maintained too much power over the colonies through the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Townshend Acts. The First person killed was an African-American man named Crispus Attacks, was killed. Effect: Shooting showed the dangers of having British troops in the colonial towns. The events of the Boston Massacre were spread quickly by newspapers throughout the colonies, further angering colonists. Great Britain was forced to repeal all of the new taxes. However, in order to send a message that they were still in charge, they left the tax on tea in place.

14 Tea Act of 1773 Cause: Britain needing money to pay for the French & Indian war Effects: Tea Act - This act helped the British east India company by giving it control over the American tea trade Colonist were angry because they still had to pay tax on the shippers Merchants were upset about new law because they still had to pay tax on there tea. The Tea act of 1773 was an attempt to assist the British East India Company out of its financial troubles. This act gave the company a monopoly on the tea trade in the colonies. By eliminating the middlemen, it made the tea cheaper than the highly taxed imported tea that the colonial merchants sold.

15 Boston Tea Party CAUSE:
Colonist (called Sons of Liberty) protested British taxation by dressing up as Indians and throwing tons of tea  into the harbor. This event became known as "the Boston tea party” EFFECT: Colonial resistance resulted in damage to private property and Britain felt that it could not let this episode go unpunished. The result was the Five Intolerable Acts.

16 Intolerable (or Coercive) Acts of 1774
These were laws that enacted in response to the Boston Tea Party that severely restricting the rights of colonists: Quartering Act (March 24, 1765): This bill required that Colonial Authorities to furnish barracks and supplies to British troops. In 1766, it was expanded to public houses and unoccupied buildings… Boston Port Bill (June 1, 1774): This bill closed the port of Boston to all colonists until, the damages from the Boston Tea Party were paid for. Administration of Justice Act (May 20, 1774): This bill stated that British Officials could not be tried in provincial courts for capital crimes. They would be extradited back to Britain and tried there. This effectively gave the British free reign to do whatever they wished, because no justice would be served while they were still in the colonies. Massachusetts Government Act (May 20, 1774): This bill effectively annulled the charter of the colonies, giving the British Governor complete control of the town meetings, and taking control out of the hands of the colonialists. Quebec Act (May 20, 1774): This bill extended the Canadian borders to cut off The western colonies of Conn. Mass. and Va.


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