Presentation on theme: "You are King George III of England. After fighting seven years with France, you have just won the French and Indian War. However, even though your county."— Presentation transcript:
You are King George III of England. After fighting seven years with France, you have just won the French and Indian War. However, even though your county of England has won the war, you are now faced with some BIG problems. The war cost a lot of money and England has large debt as a result. Your empire has grown larger as a result of the new terroritory that you have gained from winning. You now have to keep an army in the colonies to protect your newly won lands. Keeping an army is expensive, and you are already in debt. How are you, as King, going to solve these problems?
Possible solutions Make the French pay Raise taxes on people in England Tax the colonists Enforce mercantilism more strictly Give up the newly won lands
Taxes What taxes might the British impose on the American colonists? What problems may arise from any taxation on the American colonists? What problems may arise in England if American colonists were taxed?
Parliamentary Actions and Colonial Reaction In order to determine what actions the British Parliament took against the colonist and how the colonists responded you are going to look at the following Acts: Proclamation of 1763, Stamp Act, Quartering Act, Townshend Act, Tea Act, Intolerable/Coercive Act, and Sugar Act.
Major laws imposed by the British Government What the Law SaidHow the Colonists reacted Proclamation of 1763 Stamp Act Quartering Act Sugar Act Townshend Act Tea Act Intolerable/Coercive Act
Navigation Acts 1650-1763 Restricted colonial trade, manufacturing and shipping to other countries Colonists smuggle and disregard Acts Salutary Neglect: Britain has allowed the colonies to prosper under their protection with little or no control
Stamp Act 1765 Any item that was made of paper required a stamped tax payment to be made. Including newspapers, books, pamphlets, legal documents, licenses, diplomas, and playing cards and more. Colonists argue “taxation with representation”, Colonists, viewed the Stamp Act crisis as a violation of their rights and privileges as British subjects. Stamp Act is repealed
Quartering Act 1765 The Quartering Act of 1765 was intended to help the British defray the cost of maintaining troops in America. The Act required that the colonists had to supply British troops with food, munitions and barracks. The Act was bitterly resented by the Americans, particularly because the troops were used to enforce Parliament’s new tax policies in the Colonial assemblies vote to refuse to supply British soldiers
Sugar Act 1764 Tax placed on sugar and molasses because colonists are British subjects Colonist protest and smuggle sugar and molasses
Townshend Acts 1767 Tax on glass, lead, paper, paint and tea Colonist smuggle goods, boycott British goods, and fight with British troops
Tea Act 1773 Tax on tea, it is a plan to bail out East India Tea company through tax on tea Boston Tea Party and smuggling of tea
Intolerable Acts 1774 Response to Tea Party, assembly and town meetings dissolved, port of Boston closed,and British tried in England Militias form, colonies send representatives to 1st Continental Congress meets and starts colonial boycott
How did the British actions affect colonial America? How did the colonial reactions influence British actions? Which British Act do you feel was the most unfair to the colonists? In your opinion, were the colonists’ reactions effective?