More purposes… 2. Colonies supply raw materials like lumber, fish, and crops such as tobacco and indigo 3. Colonies will buy the manufactured goods from England like tools, furniture, and tea 4. Having colonies helps to increase the overall wealth of England and gives them more power
Think about it question… Have you ever felt like someone was taking advantage of you? How does this make your feel? Why might the colonist think they were being taken advantage of?
According to this map, who seems to gain the most out of Mercantilism?
Trying to keep control… England tried to keep control over the colonies through different laws…
Problem: England wants to make money from the colonies Solution- Law #1- Navigation Acts This says that the colonies can only trade with England. Colonial Reaction: They ignore the law and continue to trade with the other countries. England is neglecting the colonist and doesn’t enforce the law
Think about it question… Why would colonist want to trade with other countries???
Problem: Colonists and Natives are fighting over land Solution: Law #2- Proclamation of 1763 England says that the colonist cannot move WEST of the Appalachian Mountains This angers colonist because the land in the Ohio River Valley is valuable for farming and trading
Think about it question… Why would colonist want to live in the Ohio River Valley???
Problem: Big debt from the French and Indian War Wars are very expensive!!! The King of England needs help paying the debt and decides to tax the colonist. The King and Parliament start passing new tax laws on the colonist.
Think about it question… Why do you think the colonist get so angry with the King over the taxes???
They start passing new tax laws such as… Sugar Act- 1764, taxed sugar and molasses Stamp Act- 1765, required special stamps to be put on all legal documents and publications Quartering Act- 1765, made the colonist house and feed British soldiers
And continue passing… Townsend Acts- 1767m again taxed tea, glass, and paper products along with allowing British troops to search colonist homes for any reason Tea Act- 1773, British tell the colonist they can ONLY buy tea from the British East India Company. Colonist are upset even though the tea is cheaper
Colonist React Angrily to British Laws… Colonist feel they are not represented in Parliament (British Lawmaking group)
Reaction continued… The slogan “No Taxation without Representation” becomes a battle cry for the colonist They harass British tax collectors in Boston
This leads to the Boston Massacre On March 5 th, 1770, between colonist and British soldiers
Boston Massacre facts… Five colonist die from gunfire Debate about who started it, colonist say they were just standing there, British say they had rocks thrown at them Crispus Attucks first casualty of the fighting
Colonist versus the British at the Boston Massacre This drawings is done by Paul Revere. Whose side do you thin he is on? Who looks like the bad guy in this picture? What do you think really happened?
Still angry… Angry colonists form a group called the Son’s of Liberty to protest British laws and organize BOYCOTTS (when a group or individual stops buying certain goods )
Boston Tea Party The Son’s of Liberty help to organize the Boston Tea Party on December 16 th, 1773 to protest the Tea Act What happened at this party??? Men dressed like natives, boarded the boats in the harbor and through all the tea overboard, destroying lots cargo
What does this protest say to the King and Parliament???
Britain's reaction: The Intolerable Acts The King wants to punish the colonist for their rebellious behavior. England and the king say… 1.Port of Boston closed for trade 2.Massachusetts must pay for the tea 3.Legislature in Massachusetts not allowed to meet 4.Colonist had to pay cost of housing British soldiers
Think about it question… If you were a colonist in 1774 and got to meet with the king, what would you say to him about all the problems?
Colonist organize and fight back… 1774- First Continental Congress
They say… Colonist from all colonies except Georgia meet in Philadelphia to discuss the problems Goal of the group was to get back their rights as Englishmen from the King and Parliament
Also… Agreed to boycott English goods to send a message Sent Declaration of Rights and Grievances to the King agreeing to obey his laws IF he stopped taxing them Please note…This group did NOT seek war or independence, only to be treated fairly by the King
3 Viewpoints of the Colonists… 1.Patriots- wanted to break awa from the King and England, Wanted independence 2.Moderates- were in the middle. Wanted to stay with England but not happy with the taxes 3.Loyalists- loyal to the king and wanted to stay with England, followed all the laws in the colonies
Think about it question… If you lived in the colonies at this time which group would you have belonged to???