Stress in two –syllable words pronunciation NounsVerbs doctorwalking singersinging policepointing ‘ ‘‘ ‘ ‘ ‘
AttractWavingPolite discussapproachpolice supposekiddingbetween installjoggingsailing Listen and repeat
Practice reading these sentences Linda Cupple is a social worker in my village. William Makepeace Thackeray was a famous British writer. David Warren is Linda’s teacher’s doctor. Janet is having a number of problems. Michael is sailing across the river. Jenny is waiting for Michael to return. ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘‘ ‘
Have you heard the latest gossip about the new teacher? No, what is it? didn’t give Maria said that the new teacher didn’t give any homework. could eat Really! Viktor told me that students could eat in his class. Rumors and Gossip had given Larisa said that the new teacher had given all the students an A last semester. was Wow! Yeah, I heard he was an easy teacher. GRAMMAR
When the reporting verb is in the simple past, the verb tense in the indirect speech statement often changes. Direct SpeechIndirect Speech Simple Present Present Progressive Simple Past Tense Present Perfect Simple Past Past Progressive Past Perfect Indirect Speech 1
is “The teacher is strict.” was She said the teacher was strict. is giving “The teacher is giving everyone an A.” was giving He said the teacher was giving everyone an A. EXAMPLES 1
put “Somebody put the final exam on the Internet.” had put She said somebody had put the final exam on the Internet. has graded “The teacher has graded our grammar tests.” had graded Joe said the teacher had graded our grammar tests. EXAMPLES 2
The new guy asked when the next office party was. He also asked how many copies he could make. “How many copies can I make?” Use question words in indirect wh- questions. “When is the next office party?” EXAMPLE 3
Modals often change in indirect speech. Direct SpeechIndirect Speech will can may must would could might had to Indirect Speech 2
Examples 1 will be “The test will be difficult.” would be He said the test would be difficult. could use She said we could use our notes on the test. can use “You can use your notes on the test.”
Examples 2 had to study She said we had to study hard for the final exam. must study “You must study hard for the final exam.” may have “We may have a substitute teacher.” might have She said we might have a substitute teacher.
The following modals do not change in indirect speech: should, could, might, and ought to. shouldn’t tell “You shouldn’t tell this secret to anyone.” shouldn’t tell She said I shouldn’t tell this secret to anyone. ought to tell “You ought to tell this to a friend.” !! ought to tell He said I ought to tell this to a friend. Indirect Speech 3
could have gotten “I could have gotten help from a tutor.” could have gotten He said he could have gotten help from a tutor. had studied, would have gotten He said if he had studied, he would have gotten an A. had chosen “I thought I had chosen the easy teacher.” had studied,would have gotten “If I had studied, I would have gotten an A.” had chosen He said he thought he had chosen the easy teacher. The following do not change in indirect speech: the past perfect, the present and past unreal conditional, and past modals. Indirect Speech 4
1. I’m going to work in HCM City next July. 2. I work for a big company. 3. I’m their marketing manager. 4. The company has opened an office in HCM City. 5. It has been very successful. 6. I have been chosen to run an office in Dist 5. 7. How long have you been learning English? 8. I don’t have much time to enjoy myself. 9. I hope you will come & visit me in HCM City. 10.I hope I will be successful in HCM City. Task 1 Say what Thuan said
1.I’m going to work in HCM City next July. Thuan said_________________________________ 2. I work for a big company. Thuan said_______________________ 3. I’m their marketing manager. Thuan said ________________________ 4. The company has opened an office in HCM City. Thuan said ________________________________ 5. It has been very successful. Thuan said ___________________ Task 1 he was going to work in HCM City the next July. he worked for a big company. he was their marketing manager. the company had opened an office in HCMC. It have been very successful.
6. I have been chosen to run an office in Dist 5. Thuan said __________________________ 7. How long have you been learning English? Thuan asked me _________________________ 8. I don’t have much time to enjoy myself. Thuan said ______________________________ 9. I hope you will come & visit me in HCM City. Thuan hoped ___________________________ 10.I hope I will be successful in HCM City. Thuan hoped ____________________________ Task 1 he had been chosen to run an office in Dist 5. how long I had been learning English. he didn’t have time to enjoy myself. I would come & visit him in HCMC. he would be successful in HCMC.
Read the dialogue Lan was angry with Tung. Tuan tried to help them get back together, and talked to Lan for Tung. Task 2
Tuan: Lan, Tung asked me to talk to you. Lan: I don’t want to speak to him anymore. Tuan: Look, Lan, Tung is really upset. Lan: I’m upset, too. Tuan: Will you just let me tell you his side of the story? Lan: I’m not interested. He promised to go to the cinema but he didn’t turn up. I don’t want to see him again. Tuan: But Lan, his motorbike broke down. Lan: He has got a phone, hasn’t he? Tuan: But that’s a point. He tried to phone you many times buthe couldn’t get through. Lan: I don’t believe he did. Tuan: Yes, he did. He came to my house. Do you believe me? Lan: OK. I’ll talk to him later. I must be going now otherwise I’ll be late for school. Tuan: Thanks, Lan. Tung will be really happy to know you forgive him. Tuan & Lan
Tung: What did he say? Tuan: She said_________________________ Tung: Well, what did she say when you told her I was really upset? Tuan: She said she ________too, so I asked her to let me tell her your side of the story, she said she ________________ because you ___________________________ but you ______________. She said she ___________________ again. Tung: Did you explain about my motorbike? Tuan: Yes, and she was very sarcastic. She said she didn’t believe you had phoned her. Then I told you her you had tried many times but you couldn’t get through, but she said ________________ Then I told her you had come to my house and ask if she believe me. She said ‘OK’ and she said _________________________. Then she said ___________ Tung: Thanks, Tuan. I really owe you one. Tuan: That’s all right. she didn’t want to talk to you. was upset was not interested had promised to go to the cinema didn’t want to see you hadn’t turn up she didn’t believe you. she would talk to you later she had to go to school then or she would be late. Tung & Tuan