Presentation on theme: "DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH"— Presentation transcript:
1DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH 1. STATEMENT2. COMMAND3. QUESTION
2THE CHANGES OF TOBE & AUXILIARY VERBS DIRECTAm, is, areShall/willCanMayMustHave/has toOught toINDIRECTWas/wereShould/wouldCouldMightHad to
3CHANGES OF ADVERB OF TIME & PLACE DIRECTNOWTOMORROWNEXT WEEKTONIGHTTODAYYESTERDAYLAST NIGHTLAST WEEKHERETHISTHESEINDIRECTTHENTHE FOLLOWING DAYTHE FOLLOWING WEEKTHAT NIGHTTHAT DAYTHE DAY BEFORETHE NIGHT BEFORETHE WEEK BEFORETHERETHATTHOSE
4CHANGES OF TENSES DIRECT INDIRECT SIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLE PAST PRESENT PERFECTPRESENT CONTINUOUSPRESENT PERFECT CONT.SIMPLE FUTUREINDIRECTSIMPLE PASTPAST PERFECTPAST CONTINUOUSPAST PERFECT CONT.PAST FUTURE
51. STATEMENTHE SAIDHE SAID TO MEHE TOLD METHATREPORTED WORDS
6STATEMENT EXAMPLE DIRECT INDIRECT They said to me: “we are going to visit Borobudur tomorrow.”Jeffry said: “I didn’t go to school today.Anne told Agus: “My father got angry with me last night.INDIRECTThey said to me that they were going to visit Borobudur the following day.Jeffry said that he hadn’t gone to school that day.Anne told Agus that her father had got angry with her the night before.
7STATEMENT Exception: If the introductory sentence is in the Present Tense, there won’t be any changes in the Reported (Indirect) speech .DIRECTCindy says: “ I will come to your house tonight.”Indra says: “I have seen that film for twice.”“Dessy says: “I meet my boyfriend every saturday.”Chandra says: “I don’t like sport.”INDIRECTCindy says that she will come to my house tonightIndra says that he has seen that film for twice.Dessy says that she meets her boyfriend every Saturday.Chandra says that he doesn’t like sport.
82. COMMANDa. Possitive Command:HE ASKED MEHE TOLD METOINFIVITIVE
9COMMAND EXAMPLE INDIRECT DIRECT The teacher asked me: Open your book page 65!”Siska asked Manu: “give me a piece of paper”!“Ronny told him: “call me tonight!INDIRECTThe teacher asked me to open my book page 65.Siska asked Manu to give her a piece of paper.Ronny told him to call him that night.
102. COMMAND b. Negative Command: HE ASKED ME HE TOLD ME NOT TO INFIVITIVE
11COMMAND EXAMPLE INDIRECT DIRECT Santy asked Edy: Don’t leave me alone anymore!”Valenxia asked Indra: “Don’t hurt me anymore”!“Subhan told them: “Don’t disturb me!INDIRECTSanty asked Edy not to leave her alone anymore.Valenxia asked Indra not to hurt her anymore.Subhan told them not to disturb him.
12QUESTION a. Yes / No Question HE ASKED ME IF/WHETHER S + V + COMPLEMENT
13A. Yes/No Question Example DIRECTRicky asked Henry: Does your father work near here?”Mr. Bean asked Cyntia: “have you collected your homework?”Dessy asked William: “can you accompany me to Lippo tonight?INDIRECTRicky asked Henry if/whether his father worked near there.Mr. Bean asked Cyntia if/whether she had collected her homework.Dessy asked William if/whether he could accompany her to Lippo that night.
14QUESTIONb. Wh- QuestionHE ASKED MEWHEN/WHATetc.S + V + COMPLEMENT
15INDIRECT b. Wh- Question Example DIRECT The girl asked me: “Where Do you come from?”My father asked my brother: “Why did you arrive at home late last night?”Handy asked the girl: “who is your favorite movie star?INDIRECTThe girl asked me where I came from.My father asked my brother why he had arrived at home late the night beforeHandy asked the girl what her favorite movie star was
16EXERCISESDIRECTThe students said to the teacher: “We haven’t done our assignment.”My uncle said to my sister: “I cannot come on your birthday party next month.”Patar asked Lina : “Do you love me?”My father asked me:”Have you prepared for your final exam?Anita told Ver: “Don’t tell me more about your boyfriend!”My friend asked her: “Stay with me forever!”My headmaster asked me: “ Where do you live?”