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By: Fayaz ahmad Chapter # 7 Verb?. By: Fayaz ahmad What is verb? A verb is a word used primarily to indicate a type of action, such as to fly or to study,

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Presentation on theme: "By: Fayaz ahmad Chapter # 7 Verb?. By: Fayaz ahmad What is verb? A verb is a word used primarily to indicate a type of action, such as to fly or to study,"— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Fayaz ahmad Chapter # 7 Verb?

2 By: Fayaz ahmad What is verb? A verb is a word used primarily to indicate a type of action, such as to fly or to study, though it may also be used to indicate a general state of existence, such as to live, to be and so on. Verbs Main VerbsAuxiliary Verbs

3 By: Fayaz ahmad Main Verbs? The main verb, also known as lexical verb, is a verb that has meaning on its own. You can understand what is said when someone just mention any main verb on its own.. And main verbs can also be used with one or more helping verbs. Look at the main verbs in the following sentences: They always wait for the 6 o'clock train. Every day the dog waits for the postman. I am waiting for a friend. We waited for three hours. Transitive Verbs Intransitive Verbs Ditransitive Verbs Linking Verbs Dynamic Verbs Static Verbs Regular Verbs Irregular Verbs

4 By: Fayaz ahmad Auxiliary Verb? Auxiliary verbs are used with main verbs to construct the verb phrase. They fall into two groups: Auxiliary verb is a verb which is used to express mood or tense. Auxiliary Verbs PrimaryModal

5 By: Fayaz ahmad Primary Auxiliary Verbs? Primary auxiliaries Primary auxiliary verb is verb which is used to express only tense. The primary auxiliaries are: b e, have, and do. They are used in clauses such as: I am eating bread. They have eaten bread. You do eat bread. Primary auxiliaries can also work as main verbs. For example: I am happy to see these names included. I have a new life now and new friends. We do things that are controversial.

6 By: Fayaz ahmad Modal Auxiliary Verbs? Modal auxiliaries Modal auxiliary verb is a verb which is used to express modality OR Modal auxiliary verb is a verb which is used to add some special meanings to the main verbs of the sentence Modal auxiliary verb is a verb which is used to express only mood. Modal auxiliary verbs cannot work as main verbs and normally appear with a main verb. The full list is… Will/ may/ can/ must/ ought to/shall/ might/ could/ would and should You study English. (simple present tense) You should study English. (advisability)

7 By: Fayaz ahmad Usages of modal auxiliary verbs… Primary Usage: the main (common) use of a modal is called primary usage. I can teach English language. (ability) I will go to Canada next month. (future plan) I could play volleyball three years ago. (past ability) Secondary Usage: the other uses of a modal is called secondary usage. He can be sick. (possibility) will you bring me a glass of water? (request) She could be sick. (possibility)

8 By: Fayaz ahmad Characteristics of Modal Auxiliary Verbs Auxiliary + simple form of verb can (a) Shabana can play the violin. Not followed by “to” No final -s Not in past form can (a) Shabana can to play the violin. can (a) Shabana can plays the violin. can (a) Shabana can played the violin. No -ing form can (a) Shabana can playing the violin.

9 By: Fayaz ahmad Let’s study… OUGHT TO CAN COULD WILL MAY SHOULD WOULD MIGHT MUST SHALL

10 By: Fayaz ahmad Expressing Ability: Can & Could I can’t believe that! Dolphins can jump very high I can win next year CAN Ability Present Future

11 By: Fayaz ahmad Could Continued….. could = past form of can When we were in college, we could play chess for hours. When I was 20, i could run very fast. Ability in the past

12 By: Fayaz ahmad Expressing Possibility: May & Might (a) It may snow this week. (b) It might snow this week. may, might Present or future possibility Ahmad Might be sick that is why he did not come to class today The weather might be rainy. Might May

13 By: Fayaz ahmad Let’s Compare… Maybe the test will be hard. The test may be hard. adverb verb maybe “possibly” beginning of sentence may be = may + the main verb be

14 By: Fayaz ahmad maybe I _______ done with this project tomorrow. may be Let’s practice

15 By: Fayaz ahmad maybe _______ I’ll be done with this project tomorrow. Maybe Let’s practice

16 By: Fayaz ahmad Using “COULD” to express possibility Present Possibility This could be a long walk Future Possibility It could be rainy tomorrow

17 By: Fayaz ahmad Why isn’t this working? I don’t think it’s serious. It could be just a weak battery. Could = present possibility

18 By: Fayaz ahmad This error could cause problems in the whole company. Could = future possibility

19 By: Fayaz ahmad present future I’d like to visit a beautiful place. We could go to Thailand. ? Let’s practice

20 By: Fayaz ahmad present future Oh, no! This could be a problem! ? Let’s practice

21 By: Fayaz ahmad present future This car doesn’t run. The battery could be dead. ? Let’s practice

22 By: Fayaz ahmad (i) Yes, you may borrow my pen. (j) Sure, you can borrow my pen. may permission can often used, too more formal less formal (i) Yes, you may not borrow my pen. (j) Sure, you can’t borrow my pen. may deny permission can often used, too more formal less formal MayCan Expressing (giving) Permission: May & Can

23 By: Fayaz ahmad maybe can The boss told me that we ____ use the new color printer. can Let’s practice

24 By: Fayaz ahmad Polite Questions (asking for permission): May I, Could I & Can I POLITE QUESTION POSSIBLE ANSWERS (a) May I please take your picture? (b) Could I please take your picture? (c) Can I please take your picture? Yes. Uh-huh. Yes. Certainly. Of course. Certainly. Sure.Okay. Yes. Of course.Sorry, not today.

25 By: Fayaz ahmad 7-5 LET’S PRACTICE YES NO ? CORRECT Can I please borrow your car? Let’s practice

26 By: Fayaz ahmad 7-5 LET’S PRACTICE YES NO ? CORRECT May I borrow your car? Let’s practice

27 By: Fayaz ahmad 7-5 LET’S PRACTICE YES NO ? CORRECT Could I borrow please your car? Let’s practice

28 By: Fayaz ahmad Would you please sit still? Polite Questions (requests): Would you, Could you, Will you and Can you

29 By: Fayaz ahmad (a) Would you please explain that again? (b) Could you please explain that again? (c) Will you please explain that again? (d) Can you please explain that again? POLITE QUESTION basically the same meaning Polite Questions (requests): Would you, Could you, Will you and Can you

30 By: Fayaz ahmad (a) Would you please explain that again? (b) Could you please explain that again? (c) Will you please explain that again? (d) Can you please explain that again? POLITE QUESTIONPOLITE ANSWERS Yes. Yes. Of course. Of course. I’d be glad to. Sure. I’m sorry. I don’t have time. Certainly.Okay. Uh-huh. Polite Questions (requests): Would you, Could you, Will you and Can you

31 By: Fayaz ahmad (a) Would you please explain that again? (b) Could you please explain that again? (c) Will you please explain that again? (d) Can you please explain that again? POLITE QUESTION can is less formal INCORRECT: May you please explain that again. Polite Questions (requests): Would you, Could you, Will you and Can you

32 By: Fayaz ahmad 7-6 LET’S PRACTICE YES NO ? CORRECT Could you wash my car yesterday? Let’s practice

33 By: Fayaz ahmad 7-6 LET’S PRACTICE YES NO ? CORRECT Will you wash my car, please? Let’s practice

34 By: Fayaz ahmad 7-6 LET’S PRACTICE YES NO ? CORRECT May you please wash my car? Let’s practice

35 By: Fayaz ahmad They should go home and get some rest. Expressing Advice: Should and Ought to I have a headache. I take a nap. should ought to You need to study. You should not go out. You need to study. You shouldn’t go out.

36 By: Fayaz ahmad should You should go to the library. I need a book about geology. Let’s practice

37 By: Fayaz ahmad ought to You ought to go to the library. I need a book about geology. Let’s practice

38 By: Fayaz ahmad He’d better be careful. His pan is on fire! Had better usually = warning

39 By: Fayaz ahmad You’d better quit watching TV all day. Possible bad results? eat too much catch a cold hurt your eyes not study enough not exercise enough Let’s practice

40 By: Fayaz ahmad He’d better not walk there. Possible bad results? fall get hurt get the flu be embarrassed fail a test Let’s practice

41 By: Fayaz ahmad He’d better stay awake in school. Possible bad results? miss something get hurt get in trouble fail a test get the flu Let’s practice

42 By: Fayaz ahmad This man has to wear ear protection. Expressing Necessity: Have to, Have got to and Must I need to hurry. I have to go to soccer practice. It is late. We have to go home

43 By: Fayaz ahmad I want to become a doctor. I go to medical school. have to have got to must have to have got to must same meaning something is necessary Expressing Necessity: Have to, Have got to and Must Everyone must wear a seatbelt on an airplane.

44 By: Fayaz ahmad I have to go to soccer practice. We’ve got to go home. Everyone must wear a seatbelt on an airplane. have to have got to must common informal conversation written instructions Expressing Necessity: Have to, Have got to and Must

45 By: Fayaz ahmad Do you have to wear seatbelts in your car? Did they all have to come? Questions have to have got to must Expressing Necessity: Have to, Have got to and Must

46 By: Fayaz ahmad Do you have to wear seatbelts in your car? Did they all have to come? Questions have to have got to must Expressing Necessity: Have to, Have got to and Must

47 By: Fayaz ahmad Do you have to wear seatbelts in your car? Did they all have to come? Questions have to have got to must Expressing Necessity: Have to, Have got to and Must

48 By: Fayaz ahmad We had to clean up the mess. have to have got to must Past form: had to Expressing Necessity: Have to, Have got to and Must

49 By: Fayaz ahmad YES NO ? CORRECT Do I must wash all the dishes? Let’s practice

50 By: Fayaz ahmad YES NO ? CORRECT Do I have to wash all the dishes? Let’s practice

51 By: Fayaz ahmad YES NO ? CORRECT Do I have got to wash all the dishes? Let’s practice

52 By: Fayaz ahmad You mustn’t talk on the phone while you are driving. Expressing Lack of Necessity: Do not Have to, Expressing Prohibition: Must not I mowed the yard yesterday. I don’t have to mow it this weekend not necessary not allowed

53 By: Fayaz ahmad Degree of Certainty (present): For 100% certainty: Simple present tense (state) and present continuous tense (action). For 95% certainty: must (must+be+verb/ing). For less than 50% certainty: may, might, could + be + verb/ing). Examples: You are in the class. (situation) Ahmad is studying. (action) That boy must be a teacher. (situation) Ahmad must be studying. (action) Ali might be at home. (situation) She might be dancing. (action)

54 By: Fayaz ahmad For 100%: present (negative) For 99%: can’t, couldn’t  impossibility For 95%: must not For less than 50%: may not/ might not Examples: You are not in Afghanistan. (situation) He is not studying. (action) Ahmad can’t be the president of USA. He must not be watching TV. Ali might not be in the class. Degree of Certainty (present): (Negative)

55 By: Fayaz ahmad Listen to me! Giving instructions: Imperative Sentences Sit down, please. I want to talk to you Turn right, please. Then drive five miles to the hotel Order Request Directions

56 By: Fayaz ahmad imperative sentences give commands make polite requests give directions Order REQUEST DIRECTIONS (a) Sit down! (b) Sit down, please. (c) Turn right. Then drive five miles. Giving instructions: Imperative Sentences

57 By: Fayaz ahmad Let’s + verb: when we include ourselves. Why don’t I/ we/ you Shall I/ we Examples: Let’s play tennis. Why don’t you learn Arabic? Why don’t we cancel the class today? Why don’t I take that chair out? Shall I drive the car? Shall we eat outside today? Making suggestions: let’s, shall, why don’t we

58 By: Fayaz ahmad (e) Ali would rather have a cat than a dog. (f) INCORRECT: Ali would rather has a cat. (g) I’d rather buy dinner than cook it. (h) INCORRECT: I’d rather buy dinner than to cook it. I’d rather buy dinner than cooking it. Would rather simple form of verb Stating preferences: Prefer, Like…..better, would rather + verb

59 By: Fayaz ahmad Contraction of would = l’d. (i) I’d/You’d/She’d/He’d/We’d/They’d rather have a motorcycle. (j) Would you rather have a car or a motorcycle? would rather or polite situations / offers a choice Stating preferences: Prefer, Like…..better, would rather + verb

60 By: Fayaz ahmad I would rather play badminton ____ tennis.than to Let’s practice

61 By: Fayaz ahmad That is it!


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