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Will and Would A modal auxiliary verb is used to modify the mood of a verb. Here is a list of the modal auxiliary verbs: Will: “Will” is used when you.

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Presentation on theme: "Will and Would A modal auxiliary verb is used to modify the mood of a verb. Here is a list of the modal auxiliary verbs: Will: “Will” is used when you."— Presentation transcript:

1 Will and Would A modal auxiliary verb is used to modify the mood of a verb. Here is a list of the modal auxiliary verbs: Will: “Will” is used when you are volunteering to do something in the future, or when you are deciding at the time of speaking to do something in the future. The negative of will is “will not” or the contraction “won’t”

2 Example: I will cook dinner. In this example “will” is used to volunteer to cook dinner in the future. Example: I think I will go to the beach this Sunday. In this example “will” is used to express a future action that is being decided upon at the time of speaking. Directions: Make your own sentences using “will”. 1) ____________________________________________ 2) ____________________________________________

3 Would: “Would” has several functions. First, it functions as the past tense of “will”. Second, it functions as the conditional mood of “will”. Third, it is used to be polite. The negative of would is “would not” or the contraction “wouldn’t”. Example: I would try to act like my father when I was young. In this example “would” functions as the past tense of “will”. Example: I would get a tan if I worked at the pool. In this example “would” functions as the conditional mood of “will”. Example: I would like more tea please. In this example “would” is used to be polite.

4 1) My dog and I (would, will) go for walks when she was younger. 2) I (will, would) buy new shoes if I had enough money. 3) I am feeling tired. I think I (would, will) go to sleep now. 4) I (will, would) like more milk when you get a chance. 5) I don’t think we (will, would) ever win the game. 6) If you get in trouble, I (won’t, wouldn’t) help you. 7) When we were in sixth grade, we (will, would) usually play kick ball at recess. 8) (Will, Would) you like steak or chicken? 9) If I was a famous tennis player, I (won’t, wouldn’t) like to lose. 10) I am hungry. I (will, would) get something to eat. Directions: Now make your own sentences using “would”. 1) __________________________________________________________ 2) __________________________________________________________

5 Can and Could Can: “Can” is used to express ability, willingness, permission, or possibility. The negative of can is “cannot” or the contraction “can’t”. Example: I can cook dinner. In this example “can” expresses the ability to cook dinner. Example: Can you pass me the ketchup? In this example “Can” expresses the willingness pass me the ketchup. Example: Can I use your pencil? In this example “Can” expresses the permission to use your pencil. Example: Intense light can hurt your eyes. In this example “can” expresses the possibility of intense light to hurt your eyes.

6 Directions: Say how “can” is used in each sentence. Circle “A” if it is used to express ability, “W” if it is used to express willingness, “Per” if it is used to express permission and “Pos” if it is used to express possibility. 1) I can tie my shoes. A W Per Pos 2) Can I have a piece of gum? A W Per Pos 3) If you ride a motorcycle, you can fall. A W Per Pos 4) Can you get me a drink of water? A W Per Pos 5) I can speak English well. A W Per Pos6) He can use my basketball if he wants to. A W Per Pos 7) Can they clean my car while I am at work? A W Per Pos 8) Can squirrels fly? A W Per Pos 9) It can snow if it gets very cold. A W Per Pos 10) I can help you with your homework if you like. A W Per Pos Directions: Now make your own sentences using “can”. 1) __________________________________________________________ 2) ____________________________________________________

7 Could: “Could” has at least three functions. First, it can replace “can” and give the phrase a more conditional tone. Second, it can function as the past tense of “can”. Third, it can function in the same way as “might” or “may”, suggesting that something is a possibility. The negative of can is “could not” or the contraction “couldn’t”. Example: You could have been an astronaut if you wanted to. In this example “could” expresses the conditional ability to be an astronaut in the past. Example: He couldn’t let me have his pencil because he needed it. In this example “couldn’t” expresses the lack of permission to have his pencil in the past. Example: Jane could be at the store right now. In this example “could” expresses the possibility that Jane is at the store in the present. “Could” functions the same way as “might” or “may” in this sentence.

8 Directions: Circle the correct auxiliary modal verb in each sentence. 1) I (could, can) help you with your homework now. 2) Five years ago, I (cannot, couldn’t) play the piano. 3) I (can, could) get an A on the test. 4) I (can, could) run ten miles if I train hard enough. 5) We (can, could) speak English well. 6) Matt (could, can) be sick today. 7) The volleyball team (can, could) go to the Olympics this year if they are lucky. 8) I think I (can, could) help you learn math if you promise to study hard. 9) (Can, Could) we go to the zoo tomorrow? 10) I (cannot, couldn’t) run that fast when I was six years old. Directions: Now make your own sentences using “could”. 1) __________________________________________________________ 2) __________________________________________________________

9 May and Might May: “May” is used to express permission or possibility. The negative of may is “may not”. Example: I may become a doctor. In this example “may” is used to express the possibility of me becoming a doctor in the future. Example: May I have a glass of water? In this example “may” is used to ask permission to have a glass of water. Directions: Make your own sentences using “may”. 1) __________________________________________________ 2) __________________________________________________

10 Might: “Might” is used to express possibility. It differs from “may” in that the possibility it expresses is usually smaller. The negative of might is “might not”. Example: I might become a doctor when I grow up, but I doubt it. In this example “might” is used to express the small possibility that I will become a doctor when I grow up. Directions: Now make your own sentences using “might”. 1) ____________________________________________ 2) ____________________________________________

11 Directions: Circle the correct auxiliary modal verb in each sentence. 1) When I grow up, I (may, might) become an engineer. 2) There is a small chance the we (may, might) go to the beach this weekend. 3) There is a good change that we (might, may) have to postpone the meeting. 4) Billy and I (may, might) cook dinner tonight. 5) The airplane (might, may) crash. 6) You never know, I (may, might) become president one day. 7) (May, Might) I have a piece of bread please? 8) It (might, may) snow tonight, but I doubt it. 9) If Jane studied harder, she (might, may) have gotten a better grade on the test. 10) I (might, may) not be coming to your party tonight. I told my mother that I would stay home and make cookies with her already. I’m sorry.

12 Shall and Should Shall: “Shall” is to express a future action. It is different than “will” in that it is used to express an order or prophecy. The negative of shall is “shall not” or the contraction “shan’t”. Example: I shall become a doctor. In this example “shall” is used to express the prophecy of me becoming a doctor in the future. Example: Tomorrow, you shall climb to the top of Mt. Everest. In this example “shall” is used to order or command a future action. Directions: Make your own sentences using “shall”. 1) _______________________________________________________ 2) ___________________________________________________

13 Should: “Should” is used to express the ideal (best) action which happens in the past, present, or future. The negative of should is “should not” or the contraction “shouldn’t”. Example: I think I should make chicken for dinner tonight. In this example “should” is used to express that making chicken is the best future action. Example: I should get paid more for the hard work that I do. In this example “should” is used to express that it would be ideal for me to get paid more for my present action.

14 Directions: Circle the correct auxiliary modal verb in each sentence. 1) Mom thinks you (should, shall) clean your room. 2) Trains (shall, should) go faster. 3) This weekend (should, shall) be the best weekend ever! 4) I (should, shall) be a writer when I get older. 5) Police (shan’t, shouldn’t) be allowed to drive so fast. 6) Our team (should, shall) have tried harder. 7) After you are finished washing my car, you (shall, should) get me something to eat. 8) (Shall, Should) we be ready by ten? 9) If we want to make money, we (should, shall) get a job. 10) The world (should, shall) be peaceful. Directions: Now make your own sentences using “should”. 1) __________________________________________________________ 2) _________________________________________________________


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