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Powered Industrial Trucks - Operator Training 1910.178 (l) 1915.120 (a) 1917.1 (a)(2)(xiv) 1918.1 (b)(10) 1926.602 (d)

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Presentation on theme: "Powered Industrial Trucks - Operator Training 1910.178 (l) 1915.120 (a) 1917.1 (a)(2)(xiv) 1918.1 (b)(10) 1926.602 (d)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Powered Industrial Trucks - Operator Training (l) (a) (a)(2)(xiv) (b)(10) (d)

2 2 Powered Industrial Truck - Definition A mobile, power-propelled truck used to carry, push, pull, lift, stack or tier materials. A mobile, power-propelled truck used to carry, push, pull, lift, stack or tier materials. Excluded are vehicles used for earth moving and over-the-road hauling. Excluded are vehicles used for earth moving and over-the-road hauling. Commonly known as forklifts, pallet trucks, rider trucks, forktrucks, or lifttrucks. Commonly known as forklifts, pallet trucks, rider trucks, forktrucks, or lifttrucks. Can be powered through electric or combustion engines. Can be powered through electric or combustion engines.

3 3 Final Rule OSHA published the final rule for Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training on December 1, OSHA published the final rule for Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training on December 1, The effective date is March 1, The effective date is March 1, It applies to all industries except agricultural operations. It applies to all industries except agricultural operations. OSHA estimates that the new rule will prevent 11 deaths and 9,422 injuries per year. OSHA estimates that the new rule will prevent 11 deaths and 9,422 injuries per year.

4 4 The Certification Process Review Safe Operating Rules as published by OSHA. Review Safe Operating Rules as published by OSHA. Watch a video which demonstrates the safe operation of Powered Industrial trucks. Watch a video which demonstrates the safe operation of Powered Industrial trucks. Complete a written exam. Complete a written exam. Complete a skill test on actual equipment. Complete a skill test on actual equipment.

5 5 The certification is valid for three years and will include the following: Certificate of Achievement Powered Industrial Truck Operator’s Card

6 6 The explicit purpose of forklift safety is to eliminate: The explicit purpose of forklift safety is to eliminate: Accidents and Injuries, Accidents and Injuries,

7 7 Forklift Fatalities by Age Group Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

8 8 Industries Where Powered Industrial Truck Accidents Occurred

9 9 Property Damage, which can be very costly for your company

10 10 Equipment Abuse and Damage.

11 11 Class I - Electric Motor Rider Trucks

12 12 Class II - Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks

13 13 Class II - Narrow Aisle Trucks

14 14 Class III - Electric Motor Hand or Hand/Rider Trucks

15 15 Class III - Hand & Hand/Rider Trucks

16 16 Class IV - Internal Combustion Engine Trucks - Cushion (Solid) Tires Fork, counterbalanced (cushion/solid tires)

17 17 Class IV - Internal Combustion Engine Trucks - Cushion (Solid) Tires

18 18 Class V - Internal Combustion Engine Trucks - Pneumatic Tires Fork, counterbalanced (pneumatic tires)

19 19 Class V - Internal Combustion Engine Trucks (Pneumatic Tires)

20 20 Class VI - Electric & Internal Combustion Engine Tractors Sit-down rider

21 21 Class VII - Rough Terrain Forklift Trucks Straight-mast forklift Straight-mast forklift Extended-reach forklift Extended-reach forklift All rough terrain forklift trucks

22 22 Rough Terrain Straight Mast Forklifts

23 23 Rough Terrain Extended-Reach Forklifts

24 24 Some Types of Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Container top handlers Container top handlers Container reach stackers Container reach stackers Straddle carriers Straddle carriers Semi-tractors/ Utility vehicles Semi-tractors/ Utility vehicles Sidehandlers Sidehandlers Combination vacuum lifts Combination vacuum lifts Yard tractors Yard tractors n The following types of vehicles are covered by the OSHA standard if the vehicles carry, push, pull, lift, or tier loads.

25 25 Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Container Handlers

26 26 Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Empty-Container Handler

27 27 Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Container Reach Stacker

28 28 Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Straddle Carriers

29 29 OPERATING RULES Drivers will check the vehicle at least once per shift, and if it is found to be unsafe, the matter will be reported immediately to a supervisor. (#2) Drivers will check the vehicle at least once per shift, and if it is found to be unsafe, the matter will be reported immediately to a supervisor. (#2)

30 30 Vehicles will not exceed authorized or safe speed. (#3) Vehicles will not exceed authorized or safe speed. (#3) ?

31 31 NO RIDERS WILL BE PERMITTED ON VEHICLES, unless a safety platform with guardrails is provided. (#5) NO RIDERS WILL BE PERMITTED ON VEHICLES, unless a safety platform with guardrails is provided. (#5)

32 32 This is NOT a Safety Platform!

33 33 A loaded vehicle will not be moved until the load is safe and secure. (#7) A loaded vehicle will not be moved until the load is safe and secure. (#7)

34 34 When leaving a vehicle unattended, the power will be shut off, brakes set, the mast brought to the vertical position, and the load ‑ engaging means left in the down position. (#8) When leaving a vehicle unattended, the power will be shut off, brakes set, the mast brought to the vertical position, and the load ‑ engaging means left in the down position. (#8)

35 35 Vehicles will not be driven in and out of highway trucks and trailers at unloading docks until such trucks are securely blocked and brakes set.(#14) Vehicles will not be driven in and out of highway trucks and trailers at unloading docks until such trucks are securely blocked and brakes set.(#14)

36 36 Vehicles will not be operated on floors, sidewalk doors, or platforms that will not safely support the loaded vehicle. (#15) Vehicles will not be operated on floors, sidewalk doors, or platforms that will not safely support the loaded vehicle. (#15)

37 37 The forks will always be carried as low as possible, consistent with safe operations, usually 4 inches off the floor. (#18) The forks will always be carried as low as possible, consistent with safe operations, usually 4 inches off the floor. (#18)

38 38 Extreme care will be taken when tilting loads. Loads may fall or forklifts can easily be turned over while tilting moderate loads. (#19) Extreme care will be taken when tilting loads. Loads may fall or forklifts can easily be turned over while tilting moderate loads. (#19)

39 39 Employees will not place any part of their bodies outside the running lines of an industrial truck or between mast uprights or other parts of the truck where shear or crushing hazards exist. (#21) Employees will not place any part of their bodies outside the running lines of an industrial truck or between mast uprights or other parts of the truck where shear or crushing hazards exist. (#21)

40 40 The width of one tire on the powered industrial truck will be the minimum distance maintained from the edge by the truck while it is on any elevated dock, platform, freight car or truck. (#24) The width of one tire on the powered industrial truck will be the minimum distance maintained from the edge by the truck while it is on any elevated dock, platform, freight car or truck. (#24)

41 41 The driver will slow down and sound the horn at cross aisles and other locations where vision is obstructed. If the load being carried obstructs forward view, the driver will be required to travel in reverse, with the load trailing. (#28) The driver will slow down and sound the horn at cross aisles and other locations where vision is obstructed. If the load being carried obstructs forward view, the driver will be required to travel in reverse, with the load trailing. (#28) Trucks will not be loaded in excess of their rated capacity. The rated capacity of the truck must be clearly visible by the operator. (#31) Trucks will not be loaded in excess of their rated capacity. The rated capacity of the truck must be clearly visible by the operator. (#31)

42 42 No truck will be operated with a leak in the fuel, oil and hydraulic systems. (#33)

43 43 A B C Vehicle Center of Gravity (Unloaded) Center of Gravity of Vehicle and Maximum Load (Theoretical) Tilting forward with the load engaging means is prohibited except when picking up a load. Elevated loads will not be tilted forward unless the load is being deposited onto a storage rack or equivalent. By tilting forward the fork lift can be overturned, due to the change in the trucks center of gravity. (#34) Note: When the vehicle is loaded, the combined center of gravity shifts toward line B-C. Theoretically the maximum load will result in the center of gravity at the line B-C.

44 44 Special precautions will be taken in the securing and handling of loads by trucks equipped with attachments. Any attachment changes the center of gravity and the maximum capacity rating of the lift. (#36) Special precautions will be taken in the securing and handling of loads by trucks equipped with attachments. Any attachment changes the center of gravity and the maximum capacity rating of the lift. (#36) The engine must remain running and the operator at the controls, when a person is elevated in a safe platform. (#37) The engine must remain running and the operator at the controls, when a person is elevated in a safe platform. (#37)

45 45 Forklift and electric pallet jack operators may not smoke while operating this equipment. Sparks, open flames or smoking are not allowed in an area within 50 feet of any battery charging or refueling operation. (#38) Forklift and electric pallet jack operators may not smoke while operating this equipment. Sparks, open flames or smoking are not allowed in an area within 50 feet of any battery charging or refueling operation. (#38)

46 46 Remember, Always wear your Seatbelt!

47 47 Lets test your knowledge…


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