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Power Industrial Truck: Forklift Safety Awareness

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Presentation on theme: "Power Industrial Truck: Forklift Safety Awareness"— Presentation transcript:

1 Power Industrial Truck: Forklift Safety Awareness
JOB WORKER MANAGEMENT INJURY The job, worker, and management all are related in controlling the injury.

2 Why is forklift safety Important? Accidents

3 7th on OSHA’s Top 10 list Powered Industrial Trucks – (3,262 Total Violations) Top 5 sections cited: (L)(l) Failure to ensure each powered industrial truck operator is competent to operate a powered industrial truck safely (L)(4)(iii) Failure to evaluate each powered industrial truck operator’s performance at least once every three years (L)(6) Failure to certify that each operator has been trained and evaluated (p)(1) Failure to take damaged powered industrial trucks out of service (Q)(7) Failure to examine powered industrial trucks before placing in service

4 Overview Hazards Pre-operations Operations Training
LP–Diesel-Gas Electric Stats

5 The Main Parts of the Truck
Read operator's manual for your forklift Follow the manufacturer's recommendations.

6 Operating a Forklift Be Sure its Working
Pre-Op Inspection Operational Inspection Removal from Service Maintenance

7 Operating a Forklift Traveling & Maneuvering
Mounting – Dismounting Hazards Falls & Hitting Head Dry hands for good grab hold Shoe soles clean to reduce slips Use bar to grab – Not steering wheel Pull or lower body in/out of cab – No Jumping

8 Operating a Forklift Starting & Stopping
Use Pre-Op and Operation Checklist before starting Ensure way is clear Sound horn /Use spotters if needed Proceed slowly Stopping Park in authorized areas Apply brakes slowly Neutralize controls Set parking brake Turn off engine Block wheels on inclines

9 Operating a Forklift Operational Speeds
Hazards: Tipover & Collisions Aware of travel route conditions Slow speeds Watch in direction of travel route Slow Down/Sound horn at cross aisles Turn wheel in slow-smooth- sweeping motion Ascend/Descend grades slowly Grades > 10% - load driven upgrade

10 Operating the Forklift Using the Pedal
Hazards: Collision – Damage to load or equipment – Brake failure Do Not ride inch pedal Depress inch pedal & slowly approach load Use Inch pedal for shifting Fwd/Rev Keep foot off pedal unless using it

11 Operating Forklift Steering/Turning/Changing Directions
Hazards: Tipover : Collision : Struck-by/Crushing Injuries : Load falls Dos Complete stop before turning Use Horn/Lights to warn when Reversing Keep clear view in direction of travel Use guides/mirrors/spotters Give room to pedestrians Reduce speed to turn Forward Upgrade Reverse Downgrade Don’ts Grab over head bar when reversing Turn on grades Speed Travel with forks raised Make wide turns

12 Operating a Forklift Parking
Hazards: Struck-by injuries & unintended movement 25’ limit for in operators control On hard level surface In authorized areas Fully engage parking brake Neutralize controls Tilt mast forward Lower load to ground Turn off engine & Take key Do Not jump off

13 Operating the Forklift
Safe Handling Prep Approaching Mast Position Fork Position Lifting the load Lowering the load High Tiering Truck/Trailer/RR cars

14 Operating a Forklift Safe Travel Practices
Hazards Tipover : Collision : Struck-by/Crushing Injuries : Load falls Always have a clear view Observe traffic rules Yield Right-of-Way to emergencies Keep load low Do Not Pass Diagonally cross RR tracks Operate at speeds to allow control Secure dockplates before driving on them No horseplay/stunts/riders Keep arms/legs inside the cab Do not travel in pedestrians walkways

15 Tipovers IN CASE OF A TIPOVER Don’t Jump – Stay in Forklift
2 types of Tipovers: Forward or Side IN CASE OF A TIPOVER (Procedure for sit-down counter balance forklift) Don’t Jump – Stay in Forklift Hold tight to steering wheel Brace Feet Lean Away from impact Lean Forward Procedures vary for different forklifts

16 Understanding the Workplace
Physical Conditions Pedestrian Traffic Ramps and Grades   Loading Docks   Narrow Aisles   Elevators   Enclosed and Hazardous Areas

17 Training All operators must be certified by the following Retraining
Specific Equipment Used Books/Videos/Lecture Hands on training Evaluation written & performance Retraining Every 3 years Upon accident/unsafe operation noted Certification includes Name of operator/trng date/eval date/instructor Most claims frequency are from awkward and frequent lifting exposures.

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