37th on OSHA’s Top 10 listPowered Industrial Trucks – (3,262 Total Violations)Top 5 sections cited:(L)(l) Failure to ensure each powered industrial truck operator is competent to operate a powered industrial truck safely(L)(4)(iii) Failure to evaluate each powered industrial truck operator’s performance at least once every three years(L)(6) Failure to certify that each operator has been trained and evaluated(p)(1) Failure to take damaged powered industrial trucks out of service(Q)(7) Failure to examine powered industrial trucks before placing in service
4Overview Hazards Pre-operations Operations Training LP–Diesel-Gas ElectricStats
5The Main Parts of the Truck Read operator's manual for your forkliftFollow the manufacturer's recommendations.
6Operating a Forklift Be Sure its Working Pre-Op InspectionOperational InspectionRemoval from ServiceMaintenance
7Operating a Forklift Traveling & Maneuvering Mounting – DismountingHazardsFalls & Hitting HeadDry hands for good grab holdShoe soles clean to reduce slipsUse bar to grab – Not steering wheelPull or lower body in/out of cab – No Jumping
8Operating a Forklift Starting & Stopping Use Pre-Op and Operation Checklist before startingEnsure way is clearSound horn /Use spotters if neededProceed slowlyStoppingPark in authorized areasApply brakes slowlyNeutralize controlsSet parking brakeTurn off engineBlock wheels on inclines
9Operating a Forklift Operational Speeds Hazards: Tipover & CollisionsAware of travel route conditionsSlow speedsWatch in direction of travel routeSlow Down/Sound horn at cross aislesTurn wheel in slow-smooth- sweeping motionAscend/Descend grades slowlyGrades > 10% - load driven upgrade
10Operating the Forklift Using the Pedal Hazards: Collision – Damage to load or equipment – Brake failureDo Not ride inch pedalDepress inch pedal & slowly approach loadUse Inch pedal for shifting Fwd/RevKeep foot off pedal unless using it
11Operating Forklift Steering/Turning/Changing Directions Hazards:Tipover : Collision : Struck-by/Crushing Injuries : Load fallsDosComplete stop before turningUse Horn/Lights to warn when ReversingKeep clear view in direction of travelUse guides/mirrors/spottersGive room to pedestriansReduce speed to turnForward UpgradeReverse DowngradeDon’tsGrab over head bar when reversingTurn on gradesSpeedTravel with forks raisedMake wide turns
12Operating a Forklift Parking Hazards: Struck-by injuries & unintended movement25’ limit for in operators controlOn hard level surfaceIn authorized areasFully engage parking brakeNeutralize controlsTilt mast forwardLower load to groundTurn off engine & Take keyDo Not jump off
13Operating the Forklift Safe Handling PrepApproachingMast PositionFork PositionLifting the loadLowering the loadHigh TieringTruck/Trailer/RR cars
14Operating a Forklift Safe Travel Practices HazardsTipover : Collision : Struck-by/Crushing Injuries : Load fallsAlways have a clear viewObserve traffic rulesYield Right-of-Way to emergenciesKeep load lowDo Not PassDiagonally cross RR tracksOperate at speeds to allow controlSecure dockplates before driving on themNo horseplay/stunts/ridersKeep arms/legs inside the cabDo not travel in pedestrians walkways
15Tipovers IN CASE OF A TIPOVER Don’t Jump – Stay in Forklift 2 types of Tipovers: Forward or SideIN CASE OF A TIPOVER(Procedure for sit-down counter balance forklift)Don’t Jump – Stay in ForkliftHold tight to steering wheelBrace FeetLean Away from impactLean ForwardProcedures vary for different forklifts
16Understanding the Workplace Physical ConditionsPedestrian TrafficRamps and Grades Loading Docks Narrow Aisles Elevators Enclosed and Hazardous Areas
17Training All operators must be certified by the following Retraining Specific Equipment UsedBooks/Videos/LectureHands on trainingEvaluation written & performanceRetrainingEvery 3 yearsUpon accident/unsafe operation notedCertification includesName of operator/trng date/eval date/instructorMost claims frequency are from awkward and frequent lifting exposures.