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29 CFR 1910.178 Forklift Operator Training Is Forklift Training Necessary? About 100 deaths each year About 95,000 accidents each year Bankruptcy New.

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Presentation on theme: "29 CFR 1910.178 Forklift Operator Training Is Forklift Training Necessary? About 100 deaths each year About 95,000 accidents each year Bankruptcy New."— Presentation transcript:

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2 29 CFR Forklift Operator Training

3 Is Forklift Training Necessary? About 100 deaths each year About 95,000 accidents each year Bankruptcy New OSHA training standard

4 Forklift Operating Goals Hazards and forklift stability Inspecting and operating a forklift Quiz

5 Authorized Operator Only trained and authorized personnel are permitted to operate a forklift Keep unauthorized employees off of forklifts Keep pedestrians away from the operating zone of a forklift Lock out unsafe lifts as determined in a preoperation inspection

6 Operating Hazards Workplace hazards: ramps, railroad tracks, slippery floors, poor lighting, congestion Loads: large or bulky, uneven weight, broken pallets, poorly stacked Pedestrians: horseplay, unaware of forklift areas, not paying attention

7 Nameplate OSHA requires a legible nameplate Includes modifications & attachments Capacity Load center

8 Center of Gravity Balance point 48 A B 2040 Distance from the edge of the item to the items center of gravity

9 Load Center Distance from vertical face of the forks to the loads center of gravity –A: Load center = 24" –B: Load center = 40" 80 B 48 A 1 inch = 100 lbs Important reason for keeping the load resting against the vertical face of forks

10 Stability Triangle 3-point suspension Forklifts center of gravity Combined center of gravity Load center beyond 24"

11 Combined Actions Center of gravity moves side to side Center of gravity moves forward Center of gravity moves backward to the thin portion of the triangle

12 Attachments Specific operator training Weight of attachments Increased load center

13 Tipping Over Do not jump Hold onto the steering wheel Brace your feet Lean away from the fall

14 Forklift Operating Goals Hazards and forklift stability Inspecting and operating a forklift Quiz

15 Preoperation Inspection As an authorized operator, it is your responsibility to make sure your forklift functions properly OSHA requires preoperation inspections Company wants to comply with OSHA and be sure equipment is maintained

16 Walk Around Forklift properly disengaged –Forks down, key off, neutral gear, parking brake on Left/right side –Tire condition, tight lug nuts, no debris around axle, overhead guard is solid, no debris behind the mast Front –Forks in good shape, fork pins in place, backrest solid, mast & chains greased, hoses in good shape Rear –Counterbalance bolt is tight, radiator clear of debris

17 In the Seat Nonmoving checks –Gauges, lights, horn, back-up alarm, blinking warning light, operate the tilt & lift mechanism, check the parking brake Moving checks –Put on the seat belt, check the running brakes, check the steering Look for oil or water leaks on the floor

18 Operating a Lift Truck Only trained, authorized operators Immediately report forklift-related accidents Seat belts must always be worn No person should stand under elevated portion of lift truck Forklift controls operated only from drivers seat Never block exits or emergency equipment Smoking is not permitted

19 Loading/Unloading Before raising a load, understand: –Approximate weight of the load –Location of the loads center of gravity Inspect load for stability, projections, damaged pallets before lifting Restack unstable loads Never place weight on the back of a lift truck to increase its capacity Towing always done from rear towing pin

20 Traveling Always look in the direction of travel Keep body inside the cage When moving, the mast must not be raised Sound the horn Operate at safe speeds When turning, watch rear end swing Clearance under overhead installations

21 Traveling (cont.) Avoid loose objects or holes If load blocks view, travel in reverse Never carry passengers Pedestrians always have the right-of- way Safe distance from edge of ramps or docks Never eat or drink No stunt driving or horseplay

22 Ramps and Railroads Never turn on a ramp On ramps the load should be upgrade Ascend or descend ramps slowly Railroad tracks are crossed diagonally Never park within 8 feet of the center of railroad tracks

23 Docks Inspect the dock plate Check the trailer floor condition Trailer wheels are chocked Nose of the trailer is supported by the tractor or a fixed jack

24 Parking Lower the forks Set gear to neutral Set the parking brake Turn off the key

25 Propane Refueling Propane is a combustible, compressed gas Propane leaks are detected by: –Distinct odor –Hissing sound –Frost on fittings PPE: gloves, safety glasses

26 Battery Charging Inspect battery connectors for damage No smoking in battery-charging area Immediately clean up electrolyte spills PPE includes face mask, acid-resistant gloves, and an apron

27 Forklift Operating Goals Hazards and Forklift Stability Inspecting and Operating a Forklift Quiz

28 Summary Facility hazards Load center and capacity Preoperation inspection Rules of the road Refueling

29 Quiz 1.If your forklift has a rearview mirror, looking behind you is not necessary. True or False 2.Name two of the three ways to detect a propane leak: _______________, _______________ 3.Describe the four items that must be completed prior to driving your forklift into a trailer. 4.If a load blocks your vision, it is OK to raise the load while moving to see under it. True or False 5.Preoperation inspections are done only because OSHA says we have to do them.True or False

30 Quiz (cont.) 6.Attachments reduce capacity by increasing the load center and adding weight. True or False 7.Minimum PPE items required when refueling a propane tank are ___________, ____________. 8.The most important differences between a forklift and a car are weight and steering.True or False 9.Name at least one condition that when combined with turning sharply may cause a tipover. 10.Pedestrians have the right-of-way only while in designated pedestrian lanes. True or False

31 Quiz Answers 1.False. You must always look behind you before backing up. 2.Hissing sound, distinct odor, or frost on fittings. 3.Chock the wheels, support the nose of the trailer, inspect the dock plate, check the trailer floor. 4.False. Never drive with the load up. Drive in reverse when the load obstructs forward vision. 5.False. Inspections are also done so that the operator can prevent mechanical failure accidents and because the company needs to prove compliance with OSHAs requirement.

32 Quiz Answers (cont.) 6.True. Attachments are heavy, and they cause the load center to move away from the forklift. 7.Gloves and safety glasses are the minimum PPE required. 8.True. There are many differences, but the most significant are weight and steering. 9.Hitting a pothole, carrying an off-center load, getting a flat tire, having a raised & tilted back load, or being on a ramp. 10.False. Pedestrians always have the right of way.


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