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Forklift Safety. Motor Vehicle Accidents To protect employees To protect company assets Its the law!

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Presentation on theme: "Forklift Safety. Motor Vehicle Accidents To protect employees To protect company assets Its the law!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Forklift Safety

2 Motor Vehicle Accidents To protect employees To protect company assets Its the law!

3 Why Forklift Safety?

4 Fatalities Source BLS

5 7 th on OSHAs Top 10 list Powered Industrial Trucks – (3,262 Total Violations) –Top 5 sections cited: (L)(l) Failure to ensure each powered industrial truck operator is competent to operate a powered industrial truck safely (L)(4)(iii) Failure to evaluate each powered industrial truck operators performance at least once every three years (L)(6) Failure to certify that each operator has been trained and evaluated (p)(1) Failure to take damaged powered industrial trucks out of service (Q)(7) Failure to examine powered industrial trucks before placing in service

6 Benefits to Forklift Safety Training Improve Attitude Increase Production Increase Operator Safety Lower Maintenance Costs Lower # of Accidents/Severity Lower Insurance Cost Fulfill OSHA Requirements

7 Labels Warning Label ! Danger Label Caution Label

8 Nameplate / Data Plate

9 Types of Forklifts

10 Operators Manual OSHA says you SHALL Read and Understand the Operators Manual

11 The Main Parts of the Truck

12 Lift Truck vs. Automobiles Lift Trucks –Not for personal use –Weighs greater than 5,000 lbs. –Rear wheel steering –Training required –Operates on various surfaces Automobiles –For personal use –Weighs less than 5,000 lbs. –Front wheel steering –Training required –Operates on smooth, paved surfaces

13 Mast: What do you really need to know? Never reach into/through mast Never stand under forks/load –Never allow others under

14 Lift Truck Balance Internal Combustion Counterweight Electric Powered Industrial battery

15 Imbalance Moving center of gravity outside stability Pyramid: –Loss of steering –Loss of traction –Unstable load –Potential for a tip over –Potential for a tip up

16 Daily Inspection (q)(7) Industrial trucks shall be examined before being placed in service…

17 Why Do A Pre-Operation Inspection?

18 Completion of Inspection Report defects to appropriate personnel Never operate a truck in need of repair Authorized & trained personnel repair trucks

19 The Visual Inspection

20 The Operational Inspection Operator restraint system Horn Warning devices Unusual engine noise Fuel level Gauge readings Hydraulics Steering lock to lock Service brake Park brake Plugging on electric powered trucks

21 Designated Areas

22 Operating a Forklift Traveling & Maneuvering Mounting – Dismounting

23 Operating a Forklift Starting & Stopping

24 Operating a Forklift Operational Speeds

25 Safe Operating Guidelines Safe distance from docks and ramps, stairway, fire aisle & equipment No on-the-go directional changes (IC trucks) Operating surfaces must support truck and load

26 Speed vs. Reaction Reaction Time years = ¾ second 21- over = 1.5 second Speed 8.7 mph Equals 13 feet per second

27 Pedestrian Traffic Pedestrians have right of way When approaching corners, intersections: When passing pedestrians

28 Operating the Forklift Using the Pedal

29 Operating Forklift Steering/Turning/Changing Directions Hazards: Tip over : Collision : Struck-by/Crushing Injuries : Load falls

30 Operating a Forklift Parking

31 Operating the Forklift

32 Attachments


34 Understanding the Workplace

35 Training All operators must be certified by the following Retraining Certification includes

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