5 Responsibilities The employer must: Communicate hazards to employees. Comply with State and Federal Safety Rules and Regulations.
6 ResponsibilitiesAs an operator of a powered industrial truck, you have several responsibilities:Perform a daily inspection of the machine and document the condition of the equipmentSafely operate the piece of equipment that you have been assigned to useReport any items that are in need of repair to your supervisor and do not operate the machine until the items have been corrected.
8 DefinitionsThe most common powered industrial truck is the sit down rider type, but there are many different pieces of equipment that are classified as powered industrial trucks and are subject to the powered industrial truck standard. This may range from a motorized hand truck (class III) to a Bobcat type machine with a fork attachment.
9 DefinitionsCenter of Gravity – The point at which the load of the powered industrial truck is concentrated.If the center of gravity remains inside the triangle, the truck will not tip over.
10 Load CapacityEach powered industrial truck should have a name plate secured to it. The name plate will give the load capacity of the truck. Do not exceed the rated load capacity. Exceeding the load capacity may cause the truck to tip causing harm to you and bystanders.
11 AttachmentsPowered industrial trucks serve a variety of purposes and there are many different attachments that may be added on and used safely. Each attachment requires training specific to that piece of equipment. Attachments may require specific operating conditions and/or PPE Only use attachments that are designed for that specific powered industrial truck.
13 Seven Classes of Powered Industrial Trucks Class I – Electric motor rider trucksClass II – Electric motor narrow aisle trucksClass III – Electric motor hand trucks or hand/rider trucksClass IV – Internal combustion engine trucks(solid/cushion tires)Class V – Internal combustion engine trucks (pneumatic tires)Class VI – Electric and internal combustion engine tractors.Class VII – Rough terrain forklift trucks
16 Controls and Instruments Fuel GaugeIdentifies how much fuel is currently on board the piece of equipment. The fuel gauge reading must be taken during the daily checksEngine Temperature GaugeIndentifies the running temperature of the engine on the piece of equipment. The C on the gauge refers to the engine being cold and H refers to the engine being hotAmpere GaugeIndentifies the battery strength of the piece of equipment.
18 Controls and Instruments Oil Pressure GaugeIndentifies the engine oil pressureEngine Hour MeterThis meter records the total amount of hours that the engine has been used. This reading must be recorded on the daily inspection forms because it is used to schedule maintenance on the piece of equipmentRear View MirrorThe mirror attached to the powered industrial truck that gives a visual representation of the area behind the driver
19 Safety Features Seat Belt Keeps you secured to the truck in the event of an accidentOverhead GuardPrevents the powered industrial truck from crushing you in the event of a tip-over, but this guard is only effective with the combined use of a seatbelt.
20 Safety Features A horn must be used to notify others when: Driving around a cornerVisual obstruction is presentPoor lighting conditionsLowering your load
22 Inspection Before and after each use you are responsible for checking: The overhead guard for any broken welds, missing bolts, or damaged areasHydraulic cylinders and lines. Make sure they are free from leaks and lines are in good condition showing no signs of crackingThe mast assembly for broken welds, cracks or bendsAll lift chains and rollers for excessive wear, damage, kinks, rusting, need for lubrication, squeaks and bends
23 Inspection Before and after each use you are responsible for checking: Forks and carriage. Make sure that there are no cracks or bends in the metal. Make sure attachments being used are securely fastenedSteering mechanism for excessive motionBrakes for proper function. If the pedal goes all the way to the floor when you apply the brake, that is an indication that the breaking system is not functioning properly. Make sure the emergency brake works. There should be no movement of the powered industrial truck when an emergency brake is engagedLights and horn to make sure they are functioning properlyThe battery to make sure all caps are in place and that the cables are free from damage
24 Inspection After completing the visual inspection, if any problems are found:Tag the equipment identifying that it is not to be usedReport the problem to your supervisor
27 Diesel or Gasoline fueling To properly refuel a powered industrial truck the followingsteps should be taken:All internal combustion engines must be turned off before refueling. Refueling should be in the open or in specifically designated areas, where adequate ventilation is providedSmoking is prohibited when refueling or operating a powered industrial truck and signs must be posted to that effectProper PPE must be worn
28 Proper RefuelingSafely refueling a propane cylinder requires the followingsteps:Turn the gas valve to the off position and let the engine run until it stallsTurn off the ignition and the lights and set the emergency brakeCheck the connections for damageRemove empty tank and store it or secure the tank in a vehicle and bring it to the service station to be filledInstall the new or filled tank securelyCheck the connection for leaks and damageProper PPE must be worn
29 Charging Battery-charging installations must be located in areas designated for that purpose. They must be capable of flushingand neutralizing spilled electrolyte. The charging apparatusneeds to be protected from damage by trucks, adequateventilation for dispersal of gases or vapors from gassingbatteries.
32 Transporting and Maneuvering When maneuvering and transporting:Give pedestrians the right of wayActivate strobe lights and utilize the horn when going around cornersAlways pay attention to the path of travelNever lift loads when the powered industrial truck is movingApproach any potential obstacle slowly and with caution
33 Transporting and Manuveuring When loading and unloading a trailer you should:Inspect the floor of the trailerChock the wheels of the trailerMake sure dock plates, boards and ramps are in place and secure
34 Transporting and Maneuvering When maneuvering and transporting:Ensure that the loads are neatly stacked, stable, evenly distributedSpace the forks under the load as far as possible. This will ensure that the load is evenly distributed.Approach the load with caution with the mast in a vertical position.Lift the forks only as high as needed to move the load 6 to 8 inches.Tilt the forks back for added stability
35 Transporting and Maneuvering If the powered industrial truck is not loaded, drive in reverse up the incline. Drive forward down the incline.If the powered industrial truck is carrying a load Drive forward up the incline. Drive in reverse down the incline.
36 Crossing Railway Tracks There are many areas where employees may need to crossrailway tracks. This poses a unique hazard and caution mustbe exercised.Always cross railway tracks on a diagonalPark forklift at least 8 feet away from railway tracksObey any warning signs or alert systems
38 Review The following are key points to remember as an authorized operator:Operate only the equipment that you are authorized to use.Familiarize yourself with the piece of equipment that you are going use and follow all of its operating proceduresInspect equipment thoroughly prior to useKnow your travel routes and overhead clearance levelsDo not allow any passengersStay within the safety cage of the powered industrial truck at all times.No matter how short or long distance always fasten your seat belt.