1Powered Industrial Trucks - Operator Training 29 CFR
2DefinitionA mobile, power-propelled truck used to carry, push, pull, lift, stack or tier materials.Commonly known as forklifts, pallet trucks, rider trucks, forktrucks, or lift trucks.Can be powered through electric or combustion engines.
3Reasons for Training Maintain a safe working environment. Required by OSHA 29 CFRPowered industrial truck accidents cause approximately 100 fatalities and 36,340 serious injuries in general industry and construction annually.It is estimated that % of the accidents are, at least in part, caused by inadequate training.
4Stability Triangle Vehicle Center of Gravity (Unloaded) B A of Vehicle andMaximum LoadCNotes:1. When the vehicle is loaded, the combined center of gravity (CG) shifts toward line B-C. Theoretically the maximum load will result in the CG at the line B-C. In actual practice, the combined CG should never be at line B-C.2. The addition of additional counterweight will cause the truck CG to shift toward point A and result in a truck that is less stable laterally.
5Stability Travel with load uphill when ascending or descending grades. Do not attempt to make a turn on a grade.Load pallets evenly; avoid building up unstable loads which could collapse during movement.Never exceed the load capacity of the PIT.If a vehicle tips, do not attempt to jump clear. Brace yourself, hold onto the steering wheel and lean away form impact.
6Safe Operation Pedestrians always have the right-of-way. Stunt driving and horseplay are prohibited at all times.No riders are allowed under any circumstances.Look in the direction of travel. Proceed in a forward direction whenever possible. If driving backwards, proceed slowly while looking in the direction of travel.
7Safe Operation Be cautious of edges and open dock doors. The speed at which you travel is limited by the area and conditions where you are traveling.If your view is blocked by the load you are moving, travel with the load trailing.Lower forks near the floor while traveling with or without a load.Wear safety belts or harnesses while operating vehicle.
8Intersections and Blind-Spots Stop and sound horn at all blind spots and intersections.Slow down and sound horn in high traffic areas.Do not enter areas of forklift restriction.
9PIT SafetyNever block fire fighting equipment, emergency exits or alarms with PIT or material.Lower forks to ground when parking vehicle.Set parking brake before exiting vehicle.Be aware of overhead clearances.Report any damage to racks, or other property to supervisor.Never stand or walk under elevated forks.
10PIT InspectionEmployees are required to complete a PIT Inspection checklist for their vehicle prior to operating at the start of each shift.Take the time to do a proper inspection of the entire vehicle.Any vehicle that is not working properly must be removed from service.Inform your Supervisor of any items that need repaired.
11Safe loading and unloading procedure Engage DOK-LOK and or chock trailer wheels.Inspect trailer floor before entering.The forklift driver is the only person that isPermitted to operate the DOK-LOK or chock/unchock trailer wheels.If DOK-LOK’s are not workingyou must use wheel chocks.