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Triumphal Arches Arch of Titus & Arch of Constantine.

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Presentation on theme: "Triumphal Arches Arch of Titus & Arch of Constantine."— Presentation transcript:

1 Triumphal Arches Arch of Titus & Arch of Constantine

2 Arch of Titus: Sketch

3 History: Arch of Titus Roman Emperor ordered it to honor his brother, Titus Via Sacra, Rome Finished in 85 AD –Less than 4 years to make m wide, m high, and 4.75 m deep

4 Form: Arch of Titus Corinthian order, with Ionic volutes -a composite order that mixes both Barrel vault to add stability Has Roman arch order –Several huge engaged columns (attached to wall) –Minor Frieze on the entablature depicts many military officials, civil officials and sacrificial animals –Includes a complete entablature (architrave, cornice and frieze) –Above the entablature rests an attic that extends the height of the arch –Spandrels also include relief sculpture

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7 The Roman Senate and People (dedicate this) to the divine Titus Vespasianus Augustus, son of the divine Vespasian

8 Arch of Constantine: Sketch

9 History: Arch of Constantine Roman Senate ordered it to honor Constantine I’s victories Located between the Colosseum and Palatine Hill Finished 315 AD –Took less than 3 years to complete 21 m high, 25.9 m wide and 7.4 m deep Last Roman arch that still exist today

10 Form: Arch of Constantine Three barrel vaults Roman arch order Above the entablature is an attic Images of Romans and barbarians are depicted Columns are of the Corinthian order Above each side archway scenes of sacrifice and hunting are depicted All reliefs and sculptures are from the four different times of Trajan, Hadrian, Marcus Aurelius, or Constantine

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14 To the Emperor Constantine from the Senate and the Roman People. Since through divine inspiration and great wisdom he has delivered the state and the tyrant and his party by his army and noble arms, [we] dedicate this arch, decorated with triumphal insignia" (quoted from Stokstad 241). The same inscription is repeated on both sides.

15 Roman Propaganda Arch of Titus Celebrated victory of Titus in Jerusalem Wars Relief sculptures –show Romans taking their spoils and parading them around –Emperor and a winged figure are being pulled in a chariot as though he were a deity. Arch of Constantine Built to display the unification of Rome under Constantine. Used reliefs from previous emperors to compare Constantine to the great emperors of the past. Change of Paganism to Christianity

16 Triumphal Arches: Influence Credited with influencing other “triumphant arches”  Arc de Triomphe, arch at Washington Square Park, National Memorial Arch, India Gate

17 Washington Square Park, NYC

18 Arc de Triomphe, Paris


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