Presentation on theme: "MONUMENTAL AND PORTRAIT SCULPTURE By: Madison Cleff, Ashton Broussard, Anjali Mangrola and Hayley Young."— Presentation transcript:
MONUMENTAL AND PORTRAIT SCULPTURE By: Madison Cleff, Ashton Broussard, Anjali Mangrola and Hayley Young
Arch of Titus TThe Arch of Titus is a triumphal arch located in Rome, known for its opulent reliefs. 881 CE TTriumphal arches were used to commemorate a formal victory, such as a general paddling with his troops.
The Arch of Titus
Triumphal Processions After the capture of a city or a great war victory, a lavish triumphal procession was held to commemorate the victor. For example, Titus’ triumphal procession after the capture of Jerusalem to end a revolt was described by Jewish historian, Josephus as opulent and elegant.
Depiction of Triumphal Procession in The Arch of Titus The relief on the inside of the arch depicts Titus’ soldiers and the crowd as joyous and bombastic. This joy is shown through the wreaths on the head of the people and the carrying of the menorah.
The Ara Pacis The mood of The Arch of Titus relief contrasts the formal tranquility of the procession portrayed on the Ara Pacis.
The Arch of Titus Relief vs. The Ara Pacis The scene in the Arch of Titus is depicted as crowded and jumbled, not at all peaceful. The characters wear wreaths, which are the equivalent of a party hat. There are trumpets and a menorah which give the scene a festive air. To contrast with the scene depicted in the Arch of Titus; the Ara Pacis is depicted as a more calm scene. This is shown through the slightly, more rigid and vertical body posture.
The Column of Trajan The Column of Trajan unlike the Arch of Titus is a continuous narrative of pictures which include natural and architectural elements.
Uses spiral relief to show the might of the Trajan army, as well as vaunt their accomplishments and victories. Spiral relief is the winding in a continuous and gradually widening (or tightening) curve, either around a central point on a flat plane or about an axis. 113 to 117 CE The Column of Trajan
Hadrian Hunting a Boar and Sacrificing to Apollo and Constantine Addresses the People in the Roman Forum Large circular relief Commissioned by Trajan's successor Hadrian to establish his imperial stature and vaunt his physical prowess 130 to 38 CE
Shows the characterization of a crowded composition. Depicts deeply undercut forms, stocky figures and unrealistic images. The Haterius Family Tomb
Mausoleum Under Construction Funeral relief Created to honor the dead in the Haterius Tomb Uses egg and dart moldings This relief would have been depicted to honor the builder of the tomb Late 1st Century CE
The Young Flavian Woman The Young Flavian Woman, created in 90 CE, depicts an idealistic version of a young woman; depending on the patron the sculpture may be depicted more or less realistic.
A More Realistic Representation A more realistic representation of art was revived from the Republican Period in the Flavian Era. This realistic representation is shown in the depiction of the Middle-Aged Flavian Woman, created in the late 1st century CE.
Antinous Commissioned by Hadrian Example of syncretic art as it displayed Egyptian idealism with Greek and Roman influence As the story goes… Antinous was a friend of Hadrian who died in the Nile 130 to 38 CE
The sculpture of Marcus Aurelius depicts him as a wise man through the sculpting of a beard and thick hair. The absence of weapons in this sculpture shows that Marcus Aurelius conquerors by the favor of the Gods; a style borrowed from Egypt. Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius
Equestrian Portrait Proportions Artists often find it difficult to display the correct proportions when constructing and equestrian portrait or sculpture, yet the sculpture of Marcus Aurelius found proportions acceptable to viewers.
Commodus as Hercules Commodus commissioned a sculpture to depict him as Hercules. Although this sculpture was made to make Commodus look powerful it instead depicted his pretentiousness in assuming he had the attributes of Hercules.