Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 The Roman Empire 50-BC to AD 150. Cicero Cicero, a gifted philosopher and orator, wanted to make Rome a better place. He wanted the Romans."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 12 The Roman Empire 50-BC to AD 150
Cicero Cicero, a gifted philosopher and orator, wanted to make Rome a better place. He wanted the Romans to give the power to the Senate.
Pompey Pompey was a very powerful man in Rome. He was also a very good friend of Caesar. He worked to fight against the Senate. He and Caesar would change the course of history. He would eventually work against Caesar, trying to take his power away from him.
Julius Caesar BC Caesar was probably the greatest general in history. As a general he was becoming a very powerful figure in Rome. Worried that he was becoming too powerful, the Senate ordered him back to Rome to arrest him and take away his command. Caesar, knowing that this would be considered an act of war, in defiance, he marched his troops back to Rome.
Caesar Becomes Dictator Caesar seized power from the Senate and became dictator of the entire Roman Empire.
The Death Of Caesar A group of senators under the leadership of Brutus, a young senator and Caesars friend, murdered Caesar on, March 15 th, also known as the Ides of March, 44 BC.
Marcus Junius Brutus Caepio BC Young senator Friend of Caesar Leader of the group of Senators who murdered Caesar. Later committed suicide
Marc Antony (Marcus Antonius) BC Assistant to Caesar Helped to punish those who murdered Caesar Married Cleopatra Battled Octavian for power and lost. Committed suicide so he wouldnt be taken prisoner.
Augustus Gaius Julius Caesar (Octavian) 63 BC-14 AD Octavian, later called Augustus, was Caesars adopted son, because Caesar only had a daughter, named Julia. He, along with Marc Antony, worked to punish the people who had killed Caesar. He eventually became Emperor of the Roman empire. As a leader, he was considered one of Romes best.
Cleopatra BC Queen of Egypt Queenof Julius Caesar Married Marc Antony Her bid to rule Rome with Marc Antony was defeated by Octavian. Committed suicide
The Vast Roman Empire
Hadrian (Publius Hadrianus) AD Joined the army when he was 14 years old. Great military leader. Was considered a good Emperor. Built Hadrians wall in Great Britain.
Hadrians Wall Present Day
Roman Trade Routes
Pax Romana First 200 years of the Roman Empire were a time of general peace and prosperity. There was a stable government, an organized military, and no major wars or rebellions. It lasted until about AD 180.
Pompeii destroyed in 79 AD
Palatine Hill Beautiful temples Chariot races were held here Then
Palatine Hill Now
Roman Road in Great Britain Roman roads were built primarily for Romes military legions to travel throughout the empire.
Roman Road Construction
More Roman Roads
Cement The Romans invented cement, a product that allowed their structures to last for centuries.
Roman Arches A Roman aqueduct
Roman Arch Construction
Vaults A vault is a set of arches that supports the roof of a building. The Romans used vaults to create a huge, open area within buildings.
The Colosseum Today
Gladiators fought in the Colosseum
Past Pantheon Present
Virgil… Wrote a great epic poem about the founding of Rome
Ovid…Wrote poems about Roman Mythology
Roman Theater An ancient Roman theater in France still used today
Romance languages developed from Latin and influence how people speak and write today. Modern languages are based on the Roman language Portugal Romania FranceSpain
And of course, Italy
Roman law inspired a system called civil law. Civil law is a legal system based on a written code of law.