Presentation on theme: "A Curriculum Model based on the work of Ralph Tyler"— Presentation transcript:
1A Curriculum Model based on the work of Ralph Tyler Source: Madeus, G.F., & Stufflebeam, D.L. (1989). Educational evaluation: The works of Ralph Tyler.Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Press.
2A Definition of Curriculum (Daniel Tanner, 1980)“The planned and guided learning experiences and intended learning outcomes, formulated through the systematic reconstruction of knowledge and experiences, under the auspices of the school, for the learners’ continuous and willful growth in personal social competence.”
3Curriculum ModelsAre based on a body of theory about teaching & learning.Are targeted to needs & characteristics of a particular group of learners.Outline approaches, methods & procedures for implementation.
4The Tyler Model of Curriculum Design The nature & structure of knowledgeThe needs of the societyThe needs of the learner
5Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum What educational purposes should the school seek to attain?
6Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum What educational experiences can be provided that are likely to attain these purposes?
7Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum How can these educational experiences be effectively organized?
8Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum How can we determine whether and to what extent these purposes are being attained?
9The Nature & Structure of Knowledge Selection of subject matterOrganization of subject matter or disciplineTheoretical basis of methods & approaches
10Curriculum Development Process Philosophy of EducationGoals & AimsGeneral Instructional ObjectivesSpecific Instructional Objectives & OutcomesTask Analysis & Content SelectionLearning Activities
11Selection of Subject Matter Criteria: Relevance, importance, priorityScope: Amount, depth of coverage, concentrationSequence: Hierarchy & progression of complexity or difficulty
12Organization of Subject Matter Discrete subjects or coursesBroad fields or disciplinesCore or interdisciplinarySkills or processesProjects & activities
13Approaches to Subject Matter TextualExperimentalDevelopmentalPsycho-socialExperiential
14Needs of the Learner Cognitive development Linguistic development Psycho-social developmentMoral/affective developmentVocational focus
15Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs Self - ActualizationSelf - EsteemLove & BelongingSafetyPhysiological
16The Needs of Society Literacy Vocational skills Social order & moralityInterpersonal skillsTransmission of values & cultureCreativity & innovation