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A Curriculum Model based on the work of Ralph Tyler Source: Madeus, G.F., & Stufflebeam, D.L. (1989). Educational evaluation: The works of Ralph Tyler.Boston,

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Presentation on theme: "A Curriculum Model based on the work of Ralph Tyler Source: Madeus, G.F., & Stufflebeam, D.L. (1989). Educational evaluation: The works of Ralph Tyler.Boston,"— Presentation transcript:

1 A Curriculum Model based on the work of Ralph Tyler Source: Madeus, G.F., & Stufflebeam, D.L. (1989). Educational evaluation: The works of Ralph Tyler.Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Press.

2 A Definition of Curriculum (Daniel Tanner, 1980) “The planned and guided learning experiences and intended learning outcomes, formulated through the systematic reconstruction of knowledge and experiences, under the auspices of the school, for the learners’ continuous and willful growth in personal social competence.”

3 Curriculum Models Are based on a body of theory about teaching & learning. Are targeted to needs & characteristics of a particular group of learners. Outline approaches, methods & procedures for implementation.

4 The Tyler Model of Curriculum Design The nature & structure of knowledge The needs of the society The needs of the learner

5 Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum 1 What educational purposes should the school seek to attain?

6 Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum 2 What educational experiences can be provided that are likely to attain these purposes?

7 Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum 3 How can these educational experiences be effectively organized?

8 Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum 4 How can we determine whether and to what extent these purposes are being attained?

9 The Nature & Structure of Knowledge  Selection of subject matter  Organization of subject matter or discipline  Theoretical basis of methods & approaches

10 Philosophy of Education Goals & Aims General Instructional Objectives Specific Instructional Objectives & Outcomes Task Analysis & Content Selection Learning Activities Curriculum Development Process

11 Selection of Subject Matter  Criteria: Relevance, importance, priority  Scope: Amount, depth of coverage, concentration  Sequence: Hierarchy & progression of complexity or difficulty

12 Organization of Subject Matter #Discrete subjects or courses #Broad fields or disciplines #Core or interdisciplinary #Skills or processes #Projects & activities

13 Approaches to Subject Matter  Textual  Experimental  Developmental  Psycho-social  Experiential

14 Needs of the Learner *Cognitive development *Linguistic development *Psycho-social development *Moral/affective development *Vocational focus

15 Self - Actualization Self - Esteem Love & Belonging Safety Physiological Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs

16 The Needs of Society  Literacy  Vocational skills  Social order & morality  Interpersonal skills  Transmission of values & culture  Creativity & innovation


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