Presentation on theme: "I Can’t Believe This Was Once A Syllabus! Kara Smith CIMT 660 25 October 2010."— Presentation transcript:
I Can’t Believe This Was Once A Syllabus! Kara Smith CIMT 660 25 October 2010
Ralph W. Tyler (1902 – 1994) He was considered the father of the behavioral objective.
Tyler set forth four questions that must be addressed before implementing a curriculum. 1) What educational purposes should the school seek to attain? 2) How can learning experiences be selected which are likely to be useful in attaining these objectives? 3) How can learning experiences be organized for effective instruction? 4) How can the effectiveness of learning experiences be evaluated?
What educational purposes should the school seek to attain? Goals and plans are necessary for the improvement of the student. Objectives are matters of choice and will vary from one school to the next
Essentialists v. Progressives Essentialists – emphasize the cultural heritage as the primary source for determining objectives Progressives – emphasize the interests, experiences, and purposes of the child to determine objectives
Tyler believed that the learners themselves were a source of determining which educational objectives should be set in place. “Education is the process of changing the behavior patterns of people.” – Ralph W. Tyler
“Needs” of students are: Physical – food, water, exercise, etc. Social – affection, belonging, respect, etc. Integrative – relating to something larger than oneself
School should focus on two types of needs: Gap between what is actual and what is necessary; find status of student and compare to norms to determine need To bring balance to the tension in each individual student
Other areas of focus of the child are: Practices Prior knowledge and ideas Interests Attitudes Once the above areas are known the school can go about setting up a curriculum that will broaden these areas.
The true importance of an objective is to bring about a behavioral change in students. “Education is an active process.” - Tyler