Presentation on theme: "Ch 4.1 Tighter British Control MAIN IDEA Conflicts between Great Britain and the American colonies grows over issues of taxation, representation, and liberty."— Presentation transcript:
Ch 4.1 Tighter British Control MAIN IDEA Conflicts between Great Britain and the American colonies grows over issues of taxation, representation, and liberty.
WHY IT MATTERS NOW Colonial protests were the first steps on the road to American indepedence.
WHY SO ANGRY??? Proclamation of 1763- No western expansion pass the Appalachian Mountains. French and Indian War (Seven Years’ War)- Created large financial crisis, debts. -More Taxation (Acts).
Sugar Tax, 1764 Halved the duty (import tax), on foreign made molasses. -By paying a lower tax, there would be less smuggling, right? Placed duties on imports that had not been taxed before. Violators (smugglers) of the tax were tried by vice-admiralty (single English judge) instead by a jury in colonial court.
Stamp Act, 1765 Imposed tax on everything printed on paper. -passed to finance debts. -stamp proved tax was paid. -affected colonists because it directly taxed goods and services.
Stamp Act Protests Colonists response: -Samuel Adams creates Sons of Liberty to protest and boycott British goods. Parliament response: -repealed the act the following year.
Townshend Acts, 1767 Taxed all goods imported from Britain to colonies. Colonists responded by: -(S.o.L) Demonstrating, protesting, and boycotting. (No taxation without representation!!!). Parliament responded by: -Stationed troops at major ports to protect customs officers. -repealed the act.
Boston Massacre, 1770 Mob gathered in front of Boston Customs House Taunts and snowballs thrown (Blocks of ice, stones in snowballs) British fired and killed five colonists, Free black Cripus Attucks first to die. Paul Revere engraved scene, anti- British propaganda.
Committees of Correspondence Discuss threats to freedom, form a network. -7,000-8,000 patriots. Led to First Continental Congress
Tea Act, 1773 Parliament passed it to: -Help the East India Company from bankruptcy. -Company didn’t have to pay taxes. -Everyone (other businesses) else did. Colonists responded by: -Boston Tea Party, dumped 18,000 lbs of tea in Boston harbor. British responded by: -Passing the Intolerable Acts.
Intolerable Acts, 1774 Shut down Boston harbor. Quartering Act. -Placed General Thomas Gage, new governor of Mass. -Boston placed under martial law (military control). Parliament passed it to: -Punish colonists for Boston Tea Party. -Control Massachusetts. Colonists responded by: -First Continental Congress (1774), declaration of colonial rights. -built up military (militias). Parliament responded by: -Marched on Concord to seize illegal weapons, engage colonists in battle, 1775.
Lexington and Concord, 1775 The British (Redcoats) are coming!!! -Paul Revere, William Dawes, Samuel Prescott -Spread the word that 700 “Redcoats” (British soldiers) were headed towards Concord on the night of April 18,1775 Battle of Lexington. -Dawn of the 19 th, 70 minuteman (militia) confronted English. -8 killed, 10 wounded minuteman/ 1 killed redcoat Battle of Concord. -3000 to 4000 militia men -killed 273 redcoats -headed back to Boston