Presentation on theme: "Imperialism 1898-1914 Michael D and Joe S Panama Canal-48 mile canal in Panama connects Atlantic to Pacific Great White Fleet-Nickname For U.S. Navy fleet."— Presentation transcript:
Imperialism Michael D and Joe S Panama Canal-48 mile canal in Panama connects Atlantic to Pacific Great White Fleet-Nickname For U.S. Navy fleet who circumnavigated the globe Sphere of Influence-region that a state or organization has significant control A newspaper cartoon highlighting the United States' influence in Latin America following the Monroe Doctrine. A picture of the Great White Fleet Construction of the Panama Canal
Imperialism Michael D and Joe S Alfred Thayer Mahan -United States Navy flag officer, and historian Spanish-American War-a conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States A Spaniard (left) and American (right) arguing over who’s war it is Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan at 72 years old
Imperialism Hayden Y and Kyle B Alfred Thayer Mahan – a naval strategist, historian, and advocate of an extremely powerful U.S. Navy Alfred Thayer Mahan Spanish-American War- What happened when America got involved with the Cuban Revolution from Spain Panama Canal- Canal between the Atlantic through the Caribbean to the Pacific
Imperialism (cont.) Hayden Y and Kyle B Great White Fleet- United States Navy battle fleet that completed a circumnavigation of the globe Sphere of Influence- a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political power relating to the interests of powers outside the sphere is the state that controls it.
Imperialism Jason P and Grady K Alfred Thayer Mahan – Most important strategist Spanish-American War – Conflict in the late 1800’s – Between the U.S. and Spain Sphere of Influence – Area of territory in which political or economical influence is wielded by one nation Spanish American War
Imperialism Jason P and Grady K Panama Canal- – 77.1-kilometer ship canal in Panama. – connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. Great White Fleet- – AKA the U.S. Navy battle fleet – Sixteen battleships divided into 2 parts Great White Fleet Panama Canal
World War I Lusitania – British ship destroyed by German submarine in 1915 – Ferried goods and people from England to US Central Powers vs. Allies – First allies: France, Great Britain, and Russia (Triple Entente) – First Central powers: Germany, Austria, and Hungary New weapons of warfare – 1914, machine gun warfare, eventually Germans made them on planes in 1916 – 1918, poisonous gas for surprise attacks
World War I (continued) 14 points and Versailles – 14 points- Woodrow Wilson’s plan to ensure world peace – January 19, 1918 speech was made by Wilson – Treaty of Versailles ended war in 1919 Central Powers vs. Allies – First allies: France, Great Britain, and Russia (Triple Entente) – First Central powers: Germany, Austria, and Hungary
World War I Sean F. and Adam M. Lusitania- A ship destroyed by the Germans that killed 128 Americans, when the Americans were neutral in the war. This Increased tension between America and Germany. Central Powers vs. Allies- A ship destroyed by the Germans that killed 128 Americans, when the Americans were neutral in the war. This Increased tension between America and Germany. New weapons of warfare- Some were Zeppelins, tanks, planes, etc. 14 Points & Versaille A statement made by Woodrow Wilson that World War 1 was being fought for peace in Europe. Return to Normalcy- How people returned to their regular life after the war.
World War I Gabe M and JJ H New weapons of warfare-Military technology led to important innovations in weaponry, grenades, poison gas, and artillery, along with the submarine, warplane and the tank. Return to Normalcy-was United States presidential candidate Warren G. Harding’s campaign promise in the election of 1920 to return to the way of life before World War I. Example of Submarine, Warplane, and a Tank. Political Cartoon explaining how the war started.
World War I Gabe M and JJ H Lusitania-a British ocean liner, holder of the Blue Riband and briefly the world's biggest ship. In 1915 it was torpedoed and sunk by a German U-boat, the latter disaster of which killed 1,200 people Central Powers vs. Allies-a British ocean liner, holder of the Blue Riband and briefly the world's biggest ship. In 1915 it was torpedoed and sunk by a German U- boat, the latter disaster of which killed 1,200 people 14 Points & Versaille, a 1918 statement by United States President Woodrow Wilson that the Great War was being fought for a moral cause and for postwar peace in Europe Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points speech. Lusitania arriving in New York on her maiden voyage.
Jazz Age Women’s Suffrage – 19 th Amendment, June 4, 1920 Harlem Renaissance – Great Migration of former slaves – Most move to Midwest and North – New black identity – Jazz music, art and literature
Jazz Age Flappers – Young women liberated by the 19 th Amendment who began wearing shorter hairdos, skirts, etc. Speakeasies – Illegal bars that arose during Prohibition Bootleggers – Rum runners – Mobsters
Great Depression Tiernan and Ryan B Buying on margin – buying a portion of stock – Could become rich over night (1920) Stock market crash – People left after losing money (1929) – prices dropped substantially Hoovervilles – Shanty towns on outskirts on major cities
Great Depression Tiernan and Ryan B Unemployment – People panicked and withdrew money – Banks foreclosed – Businesses laid off workers or workers went bankrupt Dust Bowl – Dust storms destroyed crops – Farmers could not pay debt – Banks foreclosed on small farmers
Great Depression Bradley H and Joey L Buying on Margin: Hoovervilles: -Villages of houses for the unemployment. Dust Bowl: - A series of dust storms and a drought in the Great Plains
Great Depression(continued) Bradley H and Joey L Stock Market Crash -Oct. 29, Affected business and industry -Caused banks to go bankrupt and close Unemployment -Reached as high as 25% -Interest rates lowered in the 1920`s
World War II 1939 – 1945 Cole and Michael Axis of Evil- Germany, Italy, and Japan Two Front War- another name for the war War at Home- the war of the civilians New Weapons of War-Jet/Rocket aircrafts and heavy tanks Atomic Age-the U.S. dropped the bombs on Japan(the Fat Man,Little Boy, and Ehola Gay) German Flag Heavy Metal Tank Jet air craft
World War II 1939 – 1945 Timmy P and Andrew B Axis of Evil – President George Bush’s axis of evil includes Iran, Iraq, and North Korea Two Front War – Fighting takes place on two geographically separate fronts War at Home – Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor New Weapons of War – Weaponry, Logistical support and also Medicine Atomic Age – Detonation of first bomb in Trinity
Cold War Robbie O and Ryan Du Superpowers – U.S.A. was capitalist superpower – Russia was communist superpower – Each saw the other as a threat to keeping their global power Domino Theory – If one state in the U.S.A. fell to communism, then the rest would follow Space Race – U.S. and Russia competed for space superiority – 1. Get someone into space – 2. Get someone on the moon Cuban Missile Crisis – Cuba/Russia threatened to use nuclear missiles against U.S. – “October Crisis” or “Caribbean Crisis” – Fidel Castro- Prime Minister of Cuba Glasnost – “openness” – Gave the Russian people more freedom and rights – Decreased censoring in the media – People can speak up against the government
Cold War Will K and Brandon E and Chris McD Superpowers: Nations that influence political decisions Domino Theory: The theory that a communist victory in one nation would start a chain reaction of communism in other Nations Space Race: A race between the U.S. and Russia to be the first in space Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon Yuri Gagarin was the first man in space
Cold War Will K, Brandon E and Chris McD Cuban Missile Crisis: Supplied Cuba with nuclear weapons and aimed them at the U.S. U.S. sends ships to Cuba to prevent a nuclear war Glasnost: Means openness, this also changed international, relations, economic affairs, and internal affairs Ended the Cold War