Presentation on theme: "World War II 6 th Grade Social Studies. Germanys Problems Germany faced many problems after WWI. It lost land and the industry and farms had been destroyed."— Presentation transcript:
Germanys Problems Germany faced many problems after WWI. It lost land and the industry and farms had been destroyed. Highways, bridges, and railroads had to be rebuilt. Basic items were scarce.
Hitler Gains Control Hitler promised to rebuild Germanys military. The Treaty of Versailles angered Germans. Hitler reinforces their anger. Hitler said he would get back Germanys lost land.
Hitler and the Nazis Hitler named chancellor of Germany in 1933. Nazis build their military power. Germans who spoke against them were put in prison or murdered. As Hitler gained power, he planned for war. Opened factories to build weapons.
Hitlers Moves Forward From 1936-1939 Germany gained control of the following: Former territories Czechoslovakia Austria
1939: The Start of WWII Germany invades Poland This invasion was called the blitzkrieg
The War Begins England and France declared war on Germany
The Axis and Ally Powers Axis Powers Germany Italy Japan Ally Powers England, France, The Soviet Union, and US
Poland Poland is split. Germany takes the Western part of Poland The Soviet Union takes East Poland.
Germanys War Tactics Germany quickly overran much of Europe and was victorious for more than two years by relying on a new military tactic called the "Blitzkrieg" (lightning war). Blitzkrieg tactics required the concentration of offensive weapons (such as tanks, planes, and artillery) along a narrow front.
The Battle of Britain comprised four phases: 1.Hitler bombers attack British ports. 2. Hitler attacks British ships. 3. The Blitz – Beginning September 7, 1940 the city of London was heavily bombed. Hitler hoped to destroy the morale of the British people. 4. Night Bombing - With the failure of daylight bombing raids Hitler began a series of nightly bombing raids on London and other important industrial cities. The Blitz and night bombings continued until Oct. 31.
Germany and the Soviets In 1941 Germany broke its packed with the Soviet Union and invaded the country. Bad Mistake: Germany suffered great loses
The United States December 1941 The US entered the war with the bombing of Pearl Harbor
France 1940 = Germany takes France June 6, 1944= Normandy (D Day) A massive military operation Over 150,000 Allied soldiers landed in France France liberated by the end of August 1944
1944-1945 Normandy or D-Day June 6, 1944 May 7, 1945 Germany surrendered Japan was bombed Hiroshima Mid August 1945 Japans surrenders
The End of WWII In August of 1945, the war in the Pacific ends when the U.S. dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki killing 120,000 civilians. Japan formally surrendered on September 2, 1945.
428. Who was the leader of the Nazi Party in Germany? A. Adolf Hitler B. Woodrow Wilson C. Vladimir Lenin
429. What happened to people who spoke out against Hitler in Germany? A. They were sent to Siberia B. They were put under house arrest. C. Some were put in prison; others were murdered. D. Some were allowed to leave Germany
430. Put the events on the left in chronological order. 1. Hitter was name chancellor of Germany. 2. Germany invaded Poland. 3. Germans were unhappy because of high unemployment and poverty. 4. France and Great Britain declared war on Germany. A. 1,2,4,3 B. 2,4,3,1 C. 3,1,2,4 D. 4,3,1,2
431.What do the statements on the left explain? Hitler promised to rebuild Germanys military. The treaty of Versailles angered Germans. Hitler said he would get back Germanys lost land. A. events that led to WWI B. feelings Germans had about other countries C. reasons why Hitler and the Nazis came to power in Germany