Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

4 Lesson 4.1: Bone as a Living Tissue Lesson 4.2: The Axial Skeleton Lesson 4.3: The Appendicular Skeleton Lesson 4.4: Joints Lesson 4.5: Common Injuries.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "4 Lesson 4.1: Bone as a Living Tissue Lesson 4.2: The Axial Skeleton Lesson 4.3: The Appendicular Skeleton Lesson 4.4: Joints Lesson 4.5: Common Injuries."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 4 Lesson 4.1: Bone as a Living Tissue Lesson 4.2: The Axial Skeleton Lesson 4.3: The Appendicular Skeleton Lesson 4.4: Joints Lesson 4.5: Common Injuries and Disorders of the Skeletal System The Skeletal System

3 Lesson 4.1 Bone as a Living Tissue Chapter 4: The Skeletal System

4 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. functions of the skeletal system structures and classifications of bones growth and development of bones remodeling of bones Bone as a Living Tissue

5 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. support –body framework protection –surround organs movement –muscles pull bones storage –minerals blood cell formation –red bone marrow in medullary cavity Functions of the Skeletal System

6 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. composition of bones –osteocytes – mature bone cells organization of bones –cortical –trabecular Structures and Classifications of Bones

7 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. long short flat irregular Shape Categories of Bones

8 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Anatomical Structure of Long Bones

9 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Anatomical Structure of Long Bones

10 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. osteoblasts –build bone tissue osteoclasts –break down bone tissue bone formation –ossification Growth and Development of Bones

11 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. longitudinal growth –epiphyseal plate circumferential growth –change in diameter adult bone development –aging causes loss of bone mass Growth and Development of Bones

12 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. hypertrophy of bones –stronger bones atrophy of bones –weaker bones Remodeling of Bones

13 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Match these words with 1–4 below: flat, osteocytes, osteoblasts, storage. 1. build bone tissue 2. one example of bone shape 3. a function of the skeletal system 4. mature bone cells Review and Assessment

14 Lesson 4.2 The Axial Skeleton Chapter 4: The Skeletal System

15 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. the skull the vertebral column the thoracic cage The Axial Skeleton

16 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. The Axial Skeleton

17 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. the cranium –surround the brain the facial bones –protect the front of the head The Skull

18 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. frontal bone parietal bones (2) temporal bones (2) occipital bones (2) ethmoid bone sphenoid bone The Cranium

19 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. maxillary bones (2) palatine bones (2) zygomatic bones (2) lacrimal bones (2) nasal bones (2) vomer inferior concha bones (2) mandible The Facial Bones

20 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. The Cranial and Facial Bones

21 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. regions of the spine –cervical –thoracic –lumbar –sacrum –coccyx curves of the spine –cervical curve –thoracic curve –lumbar curve –sacral curve The Vertebral Column

22 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. the vertebral body the vertebral arch the transverse processes the spinous process the superior and inferior articular processes Structures of the Vertebrae

23 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Structures of the Vertebrae

24 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. lordosis kyphosis scoliosis Abnormal Spinal Curvatures

25 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. located between vertebrae shock absorbers allow flexibility The Intervertebral Discs

26 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. sternum –manubrium –body of the sternum –xiphoid process ribs –true ribs –false ribs –floating ribs The Thoracic Cage

27 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. True or False? 1. All ribs are true ribs. 2. The facial bones surround the brain. 3. The sphenoid bone is part of the cranium. 4. There are 4 regions in the spine. 5. Intervertebral discs allow spinal flexibility. Review and Assessment

28 Lesson 4.3 The Appendicular Skeleton Chapter 4: The Skeletal System

29 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. the shoulder complex –scapula –clavicle the arm –humerus –radius –ulna The Upper Extremity

30 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. the wrist and hand –carpals (8) –metacarpals (5) –phalanges (14) The Upper Extremity

31 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. the pelvic girdle –ilium –ischium –pubis the leg –femur –tibia –fibula –patella The Lower Extremity

32 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. the ankle and foot –tarsals (7) –metatarsals (5) –phalanges (14) The Lower Extremity

33 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Fill in the blanks with: foot, shoulder complex, humerus, or pelvic girdle. 1. The proximal bone of the arm is the _______________. 2. The tarsals are found in the _______________. 3. The scapula and clavicle make up the _______________. 4. The ilium is part of the _______________. Review and Assessment

34 Lesson 4.4 Joints Chapter 4: The Skeletal System

35 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. immovable joints –synarthroses slightly movable joints –amphiarthroses freely movable joints –diarthroses Categories of Joints

36 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. sutures –skull syndesmoses –coracoacromial joint –distal tibiofibular joint Immovable Joints

37 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. synchondroses –sternocostal joint –epiphyseal plates symphyses –vertebral joints –pubic symphysis Slightly Movable Joints

38 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Freely Movable Joints

39 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. bursae tendon sheaths articular tissues –articular fibrocartilage –tendons –ligaments Freely Movable Joint Structures

40 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Match these words with 1–4 below: skull, diarthroses, amphiarthroses, synarthroses. 1. immovable joint 2. slightly movable joint 3. freely movable joint 4. sutures Review and Assessment

41 Lesson 4.5 Common Injuries and Disorders of the Skeletal System Chapter 4: The Skeletal System

42 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. common bone injuries osteoporosis common joint injuries arthritis Common Injuries and Disorders of the Skeletal System

43 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. greenstick stress comminuted spiral Fractures

44 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. epiphyseal plate articular cartilage apophysis Epiphyseal Injuries

45 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. low strength bones easily break age-related osteoporosis the female athlete triad –disordered eating –amenorrhea –osteoporosis Osteoporosis

46 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. sprains –torn ligament or tendon dislocations –bone displaced from socket bursitis –inflammation of bursae Common Joint Injuries

47 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. rheumatoid arthritis –immune system attacks joints osteoarthritis –degeneration of articular cartilage Arthritis

48 Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. True or False? 1. A torn ligament causes a sprain. 2. Low strength bones easily break. 3. Immune system attack causes amenorrhea. 4. Greenstick is a type of fracture. 5. Bursitis is an inflammation of bursae. Review and Assessment


Download ppt "4 Lesson 4.1: Bone as a Living Tissue Lesson 4.2: The Axial Skeleton Lesson 4.3: The Appendicular Skeleton Lesson 4.4: Joints Lesson 4.5: Common Injuries."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google