9 Skeletal System Structures in Medical Terminology Oste/o = boneChondr/o = cartilageArthr/o = jointsMyel/o = bone marrowNote: also can mean spineBurs/o = bursaCost/o = rib
10 Joints (Articulations) Functional classification based upon movement:immovable = synarthrosisslightly movable = amphiarthrosisfreely movable = diarthrosisMost are diarthrosisAlso called synovial jointsJointsSynovial MembraneSynovial FluidBursaArticulationsLigaments(compare to tendons)
11 BursaA sac made up of:Synovial membraneSynovial fluid
12 Medical Specialists of the Skeletal System OrthopedistThose with a medical school degreeThose with a osteopathic school degreeChiropracterAll diseases center around spinal mal-alignmentPodiatristOrthotics
13 Pathology of the Skeletal System Ankylosis (ankyl/o = stiff; bent)ArthralgiaArthrosclerosisBursitisChondromaChondromalacia (-malacia= abnormal softening)Hallux valgus (bunion; big toe bent towards other toes)LuxationSynovitisArthritisOsteoarthritisRheumatoid arthritisAnkylosing Spondylitis (spondyl = vertebrae)This is a type of rheumatoid arthritisTalipes (club foot)
14 Pathology of the Skeletal System SpineHerniated discLumbagoSpina bifidaKyphosisLordosisScoliosis
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