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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 4 INDEPENDENCE! Section 1: The Seeds of Unrest Section 2: The Shot Heard Round the World.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 4 INDEPENDENCE! Section 1: The Seeds of Unrest Section 2: The Shot Heard Round the World."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 4 INDEPENDENCE! Section 1: The Seeds of Unrest Section 2: The Shot Heard Round the World Section 3: Independence Declared Section 4: An American Victory

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 2 Objectives: How did the British Crown respond to Pontiac’s Rebellion? How did the British Crown respond to Pontiac’s Rebellion? Why did the British government pass the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act? Why did the British government pass the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act? How did the colonists respond to the Stamp Act? How did the colonists respond to the Stamp Act? What events led to the Boston Massacre? What events led to the Boston Massacre? Section 1: The Seeds of Unrest

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 3 Crown response to Pontiac’s Rebellion issued the Proclamation of 1763, barring settlement west of the Appalachians and requiring traders to obtain permission before entering the territory issued the Proclamation of 1763, barring settlement west of the Appalachians and requiring traders to obtain permission before entering the territory attempted to tax the colonists to recover the costs of fighting the rebellion attempted to tax the colonists to recover the costs of fighting the rebellion Section 1: The Seeds of Unrest

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 4 Sugar Act and Stamp Act The Sugar Act and the Stamp Act were passed because the British government was deeply in debt from fighting the French and Indian War and Indian uprisings. Section 1: The Seeds of Unrest

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 5 Colonial response to the Stamp Act Colonial assemblies met to protest taxation without representation. Colonial assemblies met to protest taxation without representation. Colonial merchants signed nonimportation agreements. Colonial merchants signed nonimportation agreements. Some public demonstrations turned violent. Some public demonstrations turned violent. Section 1: The Seeds of Unrest

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 6 Events leading to the Boston Massacre Parliament passed the Townshend Acts in 1767; writs of assistance used to enforce them. Parliament passed the Townshend Acts in 1767; writs of assistance used to enforce them. British government dissolved the Massachusetts assembly for its opposition. British government dissolved the Massachusetts assembly for its opposition. Protest escalated into boycotts and violence; British troops sent to Boston. Protest escalated into boycotts and violence; British troops sent to Boston. British troops opened fire on crowd of protesters. British troops opened fire on crowd of protesters. Section 1: The Seeds of Unrest

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 7 Objectives: Why did the colonists in Massachusetts stage the Boston Tea Party? Why did the colonists in Massachusetts stage the Boston Tea Party? Why did Parliament pass the Intolerable Acts? Why did Parliament pass the Intolerable Acts? What events led to the battles at Lexington and Concord? What events led to the battles at Lexington and Concord? What actions did the Second Continental Congress take? What actions did the Second Continental Congress take? Section 2: The Shot Heard Round the World

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 8 The Boston Tea Party The Tea Act of 1773 was passed to bail out the British East India Company; it gave the company privileges that no American merchants had. The Tea Act of 1773 was passed to bail out the British East India Company; it gave the company privileges that no American merchants had. The Governor of Massachusetts refused colonists’ demands that three shiploads of tea be returned to Britain. The Governor of Massachusetts refused colonists’ demands that three shiploads of tea be returned to Britain. Section 2: The Shot Heard Round the World

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 9 The Intolerable Acts passed to punish Boston and the rest of Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party passed to punish Boston and the rest of Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party designed to strengthen British control over all the colonies designed to strengthen British control over all the colonies Section 2: The Shot Heard Round the World

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 10 Events leading to battles of Lexington and Concord Colonial unity was strengthened by opposition to Intolerable Acts. Colonial unity was strengthened by opposition to Intolerable Acts. First Continental Congress met; called for ban on trade with Britain. First Continental Congress met; called for ban on trade with Britain. Gage was ordered to put down rebellion; moved to seize rebel military supplies. Gage was ordered to put down rebellion; moved to seize rebel military supplies. Paul Revere rode; armed colonists confronted British soldiers. Paul Revere rode; armed colonists confronted British soldiers. Section 2: The Shot Heard Round the World

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 11 Second Continental Congress Continental Army established; George Washington chosen to command Continental Army established; George Washington chosen to command fought the Battle of Boston fought the Battle of Boston sent the Olive Branch Petition to King George sent the Olive Branch Petition to King George voted to declare independence voted to declare independence Section 2: The Shot Heard Round the World

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 12 Objectives: How did the Declaration of Independence explain America’s break with Great Britain? How did the Declaration of Independence explain America’s break with Great Britain? How did Americans react to the Declaration of Independence? How did Americans react to the Declaration of Independence? What major problems did the Continental Army face? What major problems did the Continental Army face? What roles did different groups of people play in the war? What roles did different groups of people play in the war? Section 3: Independence Declared

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 13 Declaration of Independence listed King George III’s misdeeds listed King George III’s misdeeds established the doctrine of unalienable rights established the doctrine of unalienable rights declared that people have the right to abolish government that deprives them of unalienable rights declared that people have the right to abolish government that deprives them of unalienable rights Section 3: Independence Declared

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 14 Reactions to Declaration Some Patriots celebrated and even destroyed British icons. Some Patriots celebrated and even destroyed British icons. Loyalists opposed or ignored the Declaration; some fled. Loyalists opposed or ignored the Declaration; some fled. Some Patriots wanted women included in the government. Some Patriots wanted women included in the government. Section 3: Independence Declared

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 15 Army problems lack of important supplies, including food, clothing, and other necessities lack of important supplies, including food, clothing, and other necessities harsh weather harsh weather disease disease shortage of enlistments shortage of enlistments Section 3: Independence Declared

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 16 African Americans Some fought for the British to gain freedom. Some fought for the British to gain freedom. Many former slaves fought for Patriots. Many former slaves fought for Patriots. Section 3: Independence Declared

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 17 American Indians Many supported the British, who promised to protect land rights. Section 3: Independence Declared

18 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 18 Women Some served as spies and messengers; a few as soldiers. Some served as spies and messengers; a few as soldiers. Many accompanied troops to work as cooks, laundresses, and nurses. Many accompanied troops to work as cooks, laundresses, and nurses. Others made war materials and kept colonial economy going. Others made war materials and kept colonial economy going. Section 3: Independence Declared

19 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 19 Objectives: What was the importance of the Battles of Trenton and Saratoga? What was the importance of the Battles of Trenton and Saratoga? How did the Patriots defeat the British in the West and the South? How did the Patriots defeat the British in the West and the South? What were the terms of the Treaty of Paris? What were the terms of the Treaty of Paris? Section 4: An American Victory

20 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 20 Battle of Trenton first major offensive first major offensive raised American morale raised American morale Section 4: An American Victory

21 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 21 Battle of Saratoga encouraged European countries to become U.S. allies encouraged European countries to become U.S. allies raised American morale raised American morale Section 4: An American Victory

22 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 22 The West and the South Small detachments of troops gave Patriots speed and flexibility. Small detachments of troops gave Patriots speed and flexibility. Small-scale attacks allowed Patriots to attack more places. Small-scale attacks allowed Patriots to attack more places. Guerrilla warfare tactics allowed Patriots to take advantage of local geography and to destabilize the British. Guerrilla warfare tactics allowed Patriots to take advantage of local geography and to destabilize the British. Section 4: An American Victory

23 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 23 The Treaty of Paris granted the United States independence granted the United States independence transferred the land from the Atlantic coast west to the Mississippi, and from the Great Lakes south to Florida, to the Americans transferred the land from the Atlantic coast west to the Mississippi, and from the Great Lakes south to Florida, to the Americans declared that the Americans should pay any debts owed to the British declared that the Americans should pay any debts owed to the British Section 4: An American Victory


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