2Section 1 Taxation with out Representation England is in debt because of French and Indian WarMust raise taxes to increase revenueWrits of assistance are issued to stop smugglersEngland passes SUGAR ACT to stop smuggling- lessened the tax on sugar and molasses
3Stamp Act To gain more revenue England passes Stamp Act Tax on all paper products- wills, papers, playing cardsOpposition- colonists didn’t have a say in what taxes they were paying- no reps in Britain's parliamentSolution= Stamp Act Congress met and decided to… Boycott & Sign No importation agreementsEngland repeals STAMP ACTHurt England’s trade too much!$$$$$$
4Declaratory Act After repealing Stamp Act England passes States England has a right to tax and make decisions in all cases..England will then pass the Townshend ActsTaxed ALL imports- glass, paper, silk, lead and TEA..--again the colonists will get it repealed using non violent forms of protest
5Results of TaxesColonists were MAD because they had NO say in government anymore, but were used to having a representative governmentSons and Daughters of Liberty were formed to protest unfair taxation.Seeds of revolution were plantedNO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!
6Section 2 Building Colonial Unity Boston Massacre British soldiers fire into un armed crowd killing 5 people.ResultsPropaganda spread through out the colonies fan the flames of revolutionCommittees of correspondence organize to write about grievances
7Tea ActIn order to save England’s tea company, East India Company, England will place a tax on teaBypassed colonial tea merchants and sold directly to shopkeepers at a low priceMerchants of tea lost jobs
8Boston Tea Party Result of the Tea Act Sons of Liberty dressed up like Indians and dumped millions of dollars worth of tea into Boston harborKing George III is furiousEngland will pass Intolerable Acts , or Coercive Acts, as punishment to BostonClosed Boston HarborBanned town meetingsHad to shelter soldiers in homes
9Section 3 Call to Arms1774- Continental Congress meets in PhiladelphiaGoals- negotiators with England. Represent American interests
10First battles Lexington and Concord- Shot heard round the world!! Paul Revere & William Dawes ride thru the night “the regulars are out!”England had mobilized and were marching to Concord to seize a ammunitions storageLEXINGTON- Troops and militia fight, British proceed on to ConcordCONCORD- Ammunitions have been moved, thanks to Paul R., British have nothingOn return to Boston, militia shot at the redcoats the entire way back!
11Bunker Hill First major battle of the Revolution!! American’s lost. BUT we showed the British that we will not be easily defeated and it showed both of us that the war will not end quickly.** People were either Patriots- for the revolution.. or Loyalists- loyal to the KING.
12Section 4 Moving toward INDEPENDENCE! Second Continental Congress meets 1775Began to govern coloniesPrinted moneyPost office- thank you BEN FRANKLINOrganized Continental Army- George Washington appointed leaderSent Olive Branch Petition to King George IIIAsking to protect colonists rightsWe wanted peaceKing’s response- Prepare for WAR!
13Thomas Paine Common Sense Declared for complete and total independence from EnglandIt is COMMON SENSE for us to become independentAbigail Adams- first women’s right advocate. Letters to her husband she asked him to “remember the ladies” when setting up a new government.Didn’t work…
14Colonies Declare Independence July Thomas Jefferson will present a draft of the Dec. of IndependenceInspired from John Locke and his idea of unalienable or natural rights. Life, liberty and property. If a government fails to protect these rights – government can be overthrown(defense of South when they secede before the Civil war)
15Declaration Declaration of Independence – 4 parts Preamble- introductionNext 2-List the rights the colonists believed they should have. Their list of grievances.Last proclaims our new nation. USA!
16Visual Vocab Sugar act Stamp- repeal Townshend Acts-repeal Boston massacreTeaBoston Tea Party
17Assignment for Cartoon Create a cartoon/ story book detailing the roots of the American RevolutionMust contain the followingNavigation actsSugar ActStamp ActStamp act congressTownshend ActBoston massacreTea ActBoston Tea PartyIntolerable ActsLexington and ConcordBunker HillSecond Continental CongressYou will use either story kit app, pencil and paper or pixton – Authorization code 47AQ-KA