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The New Nation Lewis and Clark Expedition Seneca Falls Convention

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1 The New Nation Lewis and Clark Expedition Seneca Falls Convention
Whiskey Rebellion War of 1812 Ft. Mc Henry, MD War of 1812 Battle of New Orleans

2 TIMELINE : The New Nation
1840 1790 Washington Adams Jefferson Madison Monroe Adams Jackson

3 Seneca Falls Convention War of 1812 Alien and Sedition Acts
Find the dates that the following events took place and put the event on the timeline: Seneca Falls Convention War of 1812 Alien and Sedition Acts 1st Bank of the United States Indian Removal Act Monroe Doctrine Due tomorrow!

4 The Federalists Era The Washington Administration
The Unwritten Constitution: during the nations first years, policies and procedures for running the government efficiently came about. These have become traditions, and are referred to as the “unwritten constitution” The Cabinet: - The President appoints individuals to run certain parts of the Executive Branch the first 3 were the Secretaries of State, Treasury, and War together, these positions are known as the President’s “Cabinet” The Two Term Tradition: Based on Washington’s precedent, the office of the President was informally limited to two terms only

5 President Obama’s Cabinet (15 members)

6 Foreign Relations Jay Treaty: A U.S. agreement with Great Britain – U.S. agreed Britain could stop U.S. shipments to France, in return for a “most-favored nation” status in trading with Britain Proclamation of Neutrality: Washington’s precedent of having the U.S. try to stay out of alliances with foreign powers – he urged the nation to remain as independent as it could. He warned against “entangling alliances”.

7 Economic Stability Hamilton Financial Plan Excise Taxes: Assumption:
Whiskey Rebellion - in western Pennsylvania - farmers rebelled against an excise tax on corn - Washington sent troops as a show of force - showed Federal govt. could pass laws that state citizens had to follow Hamilton Financial Plan Why: the nation needed economic stability and an ability to raise funds and pay debt Bank of the United States (B.U.S.): the central bank of the United States dominated by New Englanders its creation was an example of “implied powers” Excise Taxes: a tax on certain (non-essential) products Hamilton wanted a tax on Whiskey Assumption: - Hamilton urged the new government to pay off all debt from the Revolutionary War. - he said this would give the nation a good credit and status with both Americans and foreign nations Political Parties Forming - our current “Two party system” began at this time - over the struggle for ratification of the constitution - started with Federalists v. Anti-Federalists

8 Washington’s Farewell Address
When leaving office, President Washington warned Americans about the following issues: getting too involved with other counties’ issues – “entangling alliances” the states sectionalizing and dividing the “nation” political parties becoming too important and divisive

9 The Adams Administration (1797-1801)
Alien and Sedition Acts – Why? laws were passed making it harder for foreigners to become Americans (14 year residency) also made it against the law to print anything against the U.S. government Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions: reaction against the Alien and Sedition Acts states could declare federal laws invalid if they were unconstitutional

10 Election of 1796 and 1800 What about them: each of these two elections were important in establishing the early direction that the new U.S. government would go in – and if it would even survive or not 1796 Won by the Federalists (John Adams-President) allowed the policies of Washington and Hamilton to continue and strengthen the nation 1800 The “Jeffersonian” Republicans won – bringing the possibility of huge changes to the government and possible challenges to the U.S. Constitution This election marked the first peaceful transition of power between two opposing groups in the history of the world. It set a precedent for the future of our civilized government.

11 Democratic-Republicans
Often called “Jeffersonian” Republicans at first Opposed most of the policies and philosophy of the Federalists Believed in strict interpretation of Constitution… Believed in states’ rights

12 The Jefferson Administration
Louisiana Purchase: Why: to create lands for expansion westward and gain control of the Mississippi River The purchase: $15 million Strict interpretation of Constitution would oppose purchase …TJ used federal gov’t (delegated)power to make treaties to buy land?! Lewis and Clark: sent to explore the new territory and search for a passage to the Pacific Results: the size of the U.S. doubled Encourages the theory of manifest destiny – the idea that the United States should expand from coast to coast


14 Embargo Act In retaliation for British acts against U.S. shipping, Jefferson proposed and Congress passed the Embargo Act of 1807 this banned trade with other countries ended up hurting the U.S. more than it punished Britain – repealed in 1809 Strict vs. Loose Interpretation of Constitution the argument over whether the constitution should be interpreted strictly (do only what the document says) or loosely (allows for “implied” interpretation of powers)

15 The Madison Administration
War of 1812 Causes: continued British harassment of U.S. shipping on the seas and the practice of impressment- the capture of US citizens and forcing them to serve in the British military trade restrictions between Britain and the U.S. Southern and Western “War Hawks” encouraged war to allow for expansion westward concerns over Native-American activities on the western borders

16 Events of the War of 1812 Burning of Washington D.C.: British troops entered and burned the White House and Capitol Star Spangled Banner: written during the attacks on Baltimore by Francis Scott Key New Orleans: General Andrew Jackson defeated larger British Army, became a national hero

17 Results of the War of 1812 the U.S. won the war but it did not change many existing conditions the victory gave the country more prestige overseas caused an increase in U.S. national pride and patriotic feelings (nationalism)

18 The Monroe Administration
Era of Good Feelings: name given to the time after the War of 1812 when there were few political conflicts and the new nation had much support 1) Nationalism (War of 1812): victory over Britain caused new feelings of national pride and support for the new country by Americans 2) One Party: by opposing the War of 1812, the Federalists lost power and then ceased to exist as a party the Republicans had, for a time-being, little competition for their policies 3) The American System: Henry Clay’s plan to strengthen America: creation of the Second Bank of the United States passage of tariffs to protect U.S. industry and businesses improve internal transportation routes to connect the nation together better (Erie Canal 1825, National Road, development of Railroads)

19 Monroe Doctrine The U.S. declared
that the Western Hemisphere was off-limits to European powers! In return, the U.S. promised to stay out of European colonial affairs.

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