Presentation on theme: "The New Nation Lewis and Clark Expedition Seneca Falls Convention"— Presentation transcript:
1The New Nation Lewis and Clark Expedition Seneca Falls Convention Whiskey RebellionWar of 1812Ft. Mc Henry, MDWar of 1812Battle of New Orleans
2TIMELINE : The New Nation 18401790WashingtonAdamsJeffersonMadisonMonroeAdamsJackson
3Seneca Falls Convention War of 1812 Alien and Sedition Acts Find the dates that the following events took place and put the event on the timeline:Seneca Falls ConventionWar of 1812Alien and Sedition Acts1st Bank of the United StatesIndian Removal ActMonroe DoctrineDue tomorrow!
4The Federalists Era The Washington Administration The Unwritten Constitution: during the nations first years, policies and procedures for running the government efficiently came about. These have become traditions, and are referred to as the “unwritten constitution”The Cabinet: - The President appoints individuals to run certain parts of the Executive Branchthe first 3 were the Secretaries of State, Treasury, and Wartogether, these positions are known as the President’s “Cabinet”The Two Term Tradition: Based on Washington’s precedent, the office of the President wasinformally limited to two terms only
6Foreign RelationsJay Treaty: A U.S. agreement with Great Britain – U.S. agreed Britain could stop U.S. shipments to France, in return for a “most-favored nation” status in trading with BritainProclamation of Neutrality: Washington’s precedent of having the U.S. try to stay out of alliances with foreign powers – he urged the nation to remain as independent as it could. He warned against “entangling alliances”.
7Economic Stability Hamilton Financial Plan Excise Taxes: Assumption: Whiskey Rebellion- in western Pennsylvania- farmers rebelled against an excise tax on corn- Washington sent troops as a show of force- showed Federal govt. could pass laws that state citizens had to followHamilton Financial PlanWhy: the nation needed economic stability and an ability toraise funds and pay debtBank of the United States (B.U.S.): the central bank of theUnited Statesdominated by New Englandersits creation was an example of “implied powers”Excise Taxes:a tax on certain (non-essential) productsHamilton wanted a tax on WhiskeyAssumption:- Hamilton urged the new government to pay off all debt fromthe Revolutionary War.- he said this would give the nation a good credit and status withboth Americans and foreign nationsPolitical Parties Forming- our current “Two party system” began at this time- over the struggle for ratification of the constitution- started with Federalists v. Anti-Federalists
8Washington’s Farewell Address When leaving office, President Washingtonwarned Americans about the followingissues:getting too involved with other counties’ issues – “entangling alliances”the states sectionalizing and dividing the “nation”political parties becoming too important and divisive
9The Adams Administration (1797-1801) Alien and Sedition Acts – Why?laws were passed making it harder for foreigners to become Americans (14 year residency)also made it against the law to print anything against the U.S. governmentVirginia and Kentucky Resolutions:reaction against the Alien and Sedition Actsstates could declare federal laws invalid if they were unconstitutional
10Election of 1796 and 1800What about them: each of these two elections were important in establishing the early direction that the new U.S. government would go in – and if it would even survive or not1796Won by the Federalists (John Adams-President)allowed the policies of Washington and Hamilton to continue and strengthen the nation1800The “Jeffersonian” Republicans won – bringing the possibility of huge changes to the government and possible challenges to the U.S. ConstitutionThis election marked the first peaceful transition of power between two opposing groups in the history of the world. It set a precedent for the future of our civilized government.
11Democratic-Republicans Often called “Jeffersonian” Republicans at firstOpposed most of the policies and philosophy of the FederalistsBelieved in strict interpretation of Constitution…Believed in states’ rights
12The Jefferson Administration Louisiana Purchase:Why: to create lands for expansion westward and gain control of the Mississippi RiverThe purchase: $15 millionStrict interpretation of Constitution would oppose purchase …TJ used federal gov’t (delegated)power to make treaties to buy land?!Lewis and Clark: sent to explore the new territory and search for a passage to the PacificResults:the size of the U.S. doubledEncourages the theory of manifest destiny – the idea that the United States should expand from coast to coast
14Embargo ActIn retaliation for British acts against U.S. shipping, Jefferson proposed and Congress passed the Embargo Act of 1807this banned trade with other countriesended up hurting the U.S. more than it punished Britain – repealed in 1809Strict vs. Loose Interpretation of Constitutionthe argument over whether the constitution should be interpreted strictly (do only what the document says) or loosely (allows for “implied” interpretation of powers)
15The Madison Administration War of 1812Causes:continued British harassment of U.S. shipping on the seas and the practice of impressment- the capture of US citizens and forcing them to serve in the British militarytrade restrictions between Britain and the U.S.Southern and Western “War Hawks” encouraged war to allow for expansion westwardconcerns over Native-American activities on the western borders
16Events of the War of 1812Burning of Washington D.C.: British troops entered and burned the White House and CapitolStar Spangled Banner: written during the attacks on Baltimore by Francis Scott KeyNew Orleans: General Andrew Jackson defeated larger British Army, became a national hero
17Results of the War of 1812the U.S. won the war but it did not change many existing conditionsthe victory gave the country more prestige overseascaused an increase in U.S. national pride and patriotic feelings (nationalism)
18The Monroe Administration Era of Good Feelings: name given to the time after the War of 1812 when there were few political conflicts and the new nation had much support1) Nationalism (War of 1812):victory over Britain caused new feelings of national pride and support for the new country by Americans2) One Party:by opposing the War of 1812, the Federalists lost power and then ceased to exist as a partythe Republicans had, for a time-being, little competition for their policies3) The American System: Henry Clay’s plan to strengthen America:creation of the Second Bank of the United Statespassage of tariffs to protect U.S. industry and businessesimprove internal transportation routes to connect the nation together better (Erie Canal 1825, National Road, development of Railroads)
19Monroe Doctrine The U.S. declared that the Western Hemisphere was off-limits to European powers!In return, the U.S. promised to stay outof European colonial affairs.