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IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 1 2 Present Simple Form: Affirmative Negative Interrogative I/You live I/You do not (don’t) live Do I/you live?

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Presentation on theme: "IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 1 2 Present Simple Form: Affirmative Negative Interrogative I/You live I/You do not (don’t) live Do I/you live?"— Presentation transcript:

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2 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 1

3 2 Present Simple Form: Affirmative Negative Interrogative I/You live I/You do not (don’t) live Do I/you live? He/She It lives He/She/It does not (doesn’t) live Does he/she/it live? We/You/They live We/You/They do not (don’t) live Do we/you/they live? Uses: - a regular habit or routine: I go to school every day. - a general truth or scientific fact: Water boils at 100º Celsius - Stative verbs: I think you are right.

4 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 3 Present Simple: 3rd person singular When the verb ends in o,ss,sh,ch,or x you add es: do-does, wish-wishes, mix-mixes When the verb ends in a vowel + y you add s: say-says When the verb ends in consonant + y: change the y into i and add es: try-tries

5 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 4 Present Simple Adverbs of frequency: usually, always, often, sometimes, rarely, never, generally, regularly, occasionally, frequently, seldom. Time expressions: in the morning..., on Mondays... At + time (5 o’clock), every day, once a week...

6 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 5 Present Simple Stative Verbs: - Showing feelings and emotions: like, dislike, love, hate, enjoy... - Thoughts and opinions: think, understand, believe, forget... (If referred to activity we can use the continuous form: He is thinking of coming tomorrow) - Perception and the senses: feel, hear, see, smell, sound, taste and touch (See in the continuous form means future action: I’m seeing Alex tomorrow) - Measures and Prices: cost, weigh, measure - Posession: belong, have, own.

7 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 6 Present Continuous Form: - Affirmative: I am V + ing You are V + ing He/she/it is V + ing We/you/ they are V + ing - Negative: I am ( I’m) not V + ing You are not (aren’t) V + ing He/she/it is not (isn’t) V + ing We/you/ they are not ( aren’t)V + ing - Interrogative: Am I V + ing? Are you V + ing? Is he/she/it V + ing? Are we/you/they V + ing?

8 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 7 Present Continuous: Form Verb to be in the present + ing: When we add the ing to the main verb we must follow these rules: - if it ends in e, you take off the e and add ing: live-living - if it ends in y: keep it: play-playing - if it ends in ie, it changes to y: die-dying - if it is a one syllable verb and ends in vowel + consonant (except w and x) you double the last consonant: run-running -if it is bisyllable and the stress is on the first syllable and ends in p or l you double the consonant: travel-travelling - if it is bisyllable and the stress is on the second syllable and ends in vowel + consonant you double the consonant: refer-referring

9 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 8 Present Continuous Uses I’m reading a book now. -An action which is happening now: I’m reading a book now. At present I’m staying at my sister’s house. -A temporary action: At present I’m staying at my sister’s house. I’m visiting the doctor tomorrow -A definite plan for the near future: I’m visiting the doctor tomorrow Time expressions -now, right now, at the moment -This year, at present -This evening, tomorrow, tonight, next week....

10 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 9 Past Simple Form: - Affirmative: I / You lived He/she/it lived We/You/they lived - Negative: I/You did not (didn’t) live He/she/it did not (didn’t) live We/You/they did not (didn’t) live - Interrogative: Did I live? Did you live? Did he/she/it live? Did we/you/they live?

11 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 10 Past Simple: form Regular verbs are formed adding ed to the base: - When the verb end in e and you do not pronounce it you add d: live- lived - When the verb ends in a vowel + y you add ed: stay-stayed - When the verb ends in consonant + y: change the y into i and add ed: try-tried - if it is a one syllable verb and ends in vowel + consonant (except w and x) you double the last consonant: stop- stopped -if it is bisyllable and the stress is on the first syllable and ends in p or l you double the consonant: travel-travelled - if it is bisyllable and the stress is on the second syllable and ends in vowel + consonant you double the consonant: refer-referred

12 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 11 Past Simple Uses We went to the cinema yesterday -A completed action in the past: We went to the cinema yesterday When I phoned him, his wife heard the conversation -A series of completed actions in the past: When I phoned him, his wife heard the conversation Time expressions yesterday  yesterday  last week/year  3 days ago  In 2008,in the 50s  When  then

13 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 12 Past Continuous Form: - Affirmative: I was V + ing You were V + ing He/she/it was V + ing We/you/ they were V + ing - Negative: I was not (wasn’t) V + ing You were not (weren’t) V + ing He/she/it was not (wasn’t) V + ing We/you/ they were not ( weren’t)V + ing - Interrogative: Was I V + ing? Were you V + ing? Was he/she/it V + ing? Were we/you/they V + ing?

14 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 13 Past Continuous Uses At 3 o’clock Iwas catching the bus -An incomplete action in progress at a specific time in the past: At 3 o’clock Iwas catching the bus She was having a shower when the telephone rang -An incomplete action interrupted by another action: She was having a shower when the telephone rang While the students were doing the exam, the teacher was checking the workbooks -Two incomplete actions in progress at the same time in the past: While the students were doing the exam, the teacher was checking the workbooks Time expressions  Last night/week/year  When  While  As  At 1 o’clock

15 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 14 Future Simple Form: - Affirmative: I / You will live He/she/it will live We/You/they will live - Negative: I/You will not (won’t) live He/she/it will not (won’t) live We/You/they will not (won’t) live - Interrogative: Will I live? Will you live? Will he/she/it live? Will we/you/they live?

16 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 15 Future Simple Uses: He will visit his grandmother tomorrow  Prediction: He will visit his grandmother tomorrow They will have P.E. at 8:30  Timetable: They will have P.E. at 8:30 I’ll help you  A spontaneous decision: I’ll help you Time expressions This afternoon In half an hour At 5 o’clock Next summer, week... In the future.....

17 IES Avenida de los Toreros Charo Gil 16 BE/GOING TO Form: - Affirmative: I am going to live You are going to live He/she/it is going to live We/You/they are going to live - Negative: I am not (I’m) going to live You are not (aren’t) going to live He/she/it is not (isn’t)going to live We/You/they are (aren’t) going to live - Interrogative: Am I going to live? Are You going to live? Is he/she/it going to live? Are We/You/They going to live


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