The Present Simple
The Usages of the Present Simple
USE 1: Repeated Actions USE 2: Facts or Generalizations
Use 1 USE 1: Repeated Actions
Use the Present Simple to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.
Subject + (Verb) + (s, es) + Object
Examples Subject + (Verb) + (s, es) + Object - I tennis. - She play tennis. - The train every morning at 8 am. - The train leave at 9am. play does not leaves does not
USE 2: Facts or Generalizations
The Present Simple can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.
Subject + (Verb) + (s, es) + Object
Examples Subject + (Verb) + (s, es) + Object like - Cats milk. - Birds like milk. - Windows made of glass. - Windows made of wood. . do not are are not
Grammatical View he, she, it s s s
Present Simple, third person singular Note: he, she, it s A: in the third person singular the verb, always ends in : s s she need he want
es sh ss x o ch es es es es es he fix it push he pass she catch He go
B. Add to verbs ending in: ss x sh es es es he fix it push he pass o ch es es she catch He go
ies y y fly fl cry cr Exception: y play play s s ies ies pray pray C:
Verbs ending in ;the third person changes the to fly fl ies cry cr ies Exception: y If there is a vowel before the : play play s pray pray s
§ Negative and question forms use DO or DOES (=the third person of the auxiliary'DO') + the infinitive of the verb. He wants. Does he want? He does not want.
Examples: . 1.Third person singular with s or es a. He goes to school every morning. b. She understands English. c. It mixes the sand and the water. d. He tries very hard. e. She enjoys playing the piano.
Example: to think, present simple
2. Present Simple, form: Example: to think, present simple Affirmative Interrogative Negative I think Do I think? I do not think You think Do you think? You don't think thinks He, She, It Does he, she, it think? He, she, it doesn't think We think Do we think? We don't think
The present simple is used:
A.to express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes: §I smoke (habit); I work in London (unchanging situation); London is a large city (general truth). . -He drinks tea at breakfast -She only eats fish. -They watch television regularly
B. to give instructions or directions:
§ You walk for two hundred metres, then you turn left. § -You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford. -Open the packet and pour the contents into hot water.
c. to express fixed arrangements, present or future:
-Your exam starts at 09:00. -The bell rings at 8:00. The bus arrives at 7:00
-He'll give it to you when you come next Saturday
D.to express future time, after some conjunctions: after, when, before, as soon as, until: -He'll give it to you when you come next Saturday -His mother arrives tomorrow. § -Our holiday starts on the 26th March. -She'll see you before she leaves.
Time expressions There are time expressions that we use only with the Present Simple and they are: 1.Every day, every Friday, every week, every month, every summer, every month, every year, always, usually, etc. . 2.All the time I go to school every day. He visits me every summer.
Activities 1. Ask your friends questions about what they do at different times. Also ask about their families. - "What time do you get up?" - "When do your brothers go to bed?" Write down the questions and give them to your teacher for checking.
Write the questions for the following answers. (Present Simple)
. ?__________________________________1. I work in a bank. ?_____________________________________2. My brother is an engineer. 3.___________________________________? He lives in an apartment building.
. Put in : do/don't/does/doesn't
1.Excuse me, _____________ you speak English? . .Where's Ann? I _____________ know.2 3.George is a good tennis player but he ___________ play very often.
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