Presentation on theme: " Я читаю (щовечора). I read every evening. – Present Simple Я читаю (зараз). I am reading now. – Present Continuous Я читаю (вже три години / з ранку)."— Presentation transcript:
Я читаю (щовечора). I read every evening. – Present Simple Я читаю (зараз). I am reading now. – Present Continuous Я читаю (вже три години / з ранку). I have been reading for three hours / since morning. – Present Perfect Continuous
(+) We like English. 1 st form of the verb He likes English. 1 st form +s/es (-) We don’t like English. do + not + 1 st form of the verb He doesn’t like English. does + not + 1 st form of the verb (?) Do you like English? Why do you like English? Does he like English? Why does he like English? Pronunciation of –(e)s [z] ends, plays, plans, fills, does [s] asks, puts, stops [iz] passes, washes, teaches Spelling -ch, -sh, -s, -x +es catches, wishes, passes, fixes A conconant +-y +es = ies carries, studies
Regular repeated / routine action neverseldomsometimesoftenusually always every Sunday morning, three times a week Permanent situations Scientific facts With stative verbs (instead of continuous forms) Future (in timetables, regulations, programmes) Time clauses with future meaning (as soon as, when, after, before, till, until, if) We go swimming every Saturday. He never gets home after 10 p.m. They don’t often travel abroad. He comes from Canada. Water melts at 0 0 C. Does she hear? I’m sorry, but I strongly disagree. The train leaves at 9.05. When do the lessons begin? I’ll see him as soon as/when I am free. Give this to Jane if you can.
(+) I am sitting in class. He is sitting in class. We are sitting in class. be+ V ing (-) I am not chewing. He is not chewing now. We are not chewing now. be+ not + Ving (?) Are you sleeping? Where are you going? Is she sleeping? Where is she going? Spelling –ing form A consonant + -e = drop –e and add –ing smile – smiling One vowel + one consonant = double the consonant and add –ing run - running -ie + -ing = ying die + ing = dying Contracted forms I am = I’m You are = you’re He is = he’s is + not = isn’t are + not = aren’t but I am not = I’m not
With action verbs to talk about actions happening now/ around now changing / developing situations temporary situations annoying habits with always arrangements and plans in future I think he is watching a hockey match. She’s carrying out an experiment. The weather is getting better. He is staying in the hotel. He’s always buying her presents. Are you leaving tomorrow?
(+) I ’ve been cleaning the house. He ’s been cleaning the house. have/has + been + Ving (-) I haven’t been living in the hotel. She hasn’t been living in the hotel. have/has + not + been + Ving (?) How long have you been reading the book? Contractions (+) have = ’ve has = ’s (-) have + not = haven’t has + not = hasn’t
An action is not complete An activity is temporary A recent activity (effects are seen) To emphasize how long an action has been going on I’ve been studying English. I’ve been living here for a year but I’m going to move. I’ve been running. I’ll take a shower. He’s been replying to e- mails all morning.
Verbs of thinking and opinion think* understandsee suppose mean imagine believe know recognize realize remember forget agree doubt expectdeserve Verbs of having and being have*possess contain include belong to seem sound owe own weigh cost deserve depend on need be resemble Verbs of senses see*hearsmell taste* feel Verbs of emotions and feeling likepreferdislike wanthate wishlove care hope