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Bridget Green Verb Phrases PastPresentFuture First, meet Mie…

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Presentation on theme: "Bridget Green Verb Phrases PastPresentFuture First, meet Mie…"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Bridget Green Verb Phrases PastPresentFuture

3 First, meet Mie…

4 This is Mie: I’m from Amagasaki. I live in the U.S. now. I came to the U.S. last month. I LOVE TO STUDY!

5 TimeSimpleProgressivePerfectPerfect + Progressive Mie studies every day. Mie is studying now. Mie has studied English for six years. Mie has been studying for 2 hours. Mie studied last night. Mie was studying when I arrived. Mie had studied English in Japan before she arrived in the U.S. Mie had been studying for 2 hours when I arrived. Mie will study tomorrow. Mie will be studying when I arrive. Mie will have studied before I arrive. Mie will have been studying for 2 hours before I arrive. present past future

6 Some things to remember: / Present simple doesn’t mean it’s happening now. / It is a daily habit or a usual activity. / Present simple doesn’t mean it’s happening now. / It is a daily habit or a usual activity. Simple and Progressive

7 Some things to remember: Mie studies every day. She doesn’t goof off! Mie studies every day. She doesn’t goof off! XX XXX ‘Goof off’ is slang. It means ‘waste time’ or ‘avoid doing work.’ Simple and Progressive s

8 Some things to remember: / If you want to say ‘it’s happening now’, use the present progressive. / Progressive means ‘in progress.’ / be + V-ing / If you want to say ‘it’s happening now’, use the present progressive. / Progressive means ‘in progress.’ / be + V-ing Simple and Progressive

9 Some things to remember: Mie is studying now. She is not watching TV! She isn’t goofing off. Mie is studying now. She is not watching TV! She isn’t goofing off. XX startnow finish? Simple and Progressive X

10 What’s the difference? Mie is living in Spokane. ‘in progress at the time of speaking’ ‘temporary’ Mie is living in Spokane. ‘in progress at the time of speaking’ ‘temporary’ Bridget lives in Spokane. ‘a habit’ ‘permanent’ This ‘temporary’ period can be short or long. Simple and Progressive

11 Practice 1. Sh! The baby _________. She usually ________ for about 2 hours every afternoon. (sleep) 2. Look! The kids ___________ that tree. (climb) 3. The moon ____ around the earth. (go) 4. Hurry! The bus _____________! I __________ to miss it. (come/not want) 1. Sh! The baby _________. She usually ________ for about 2 hours every afternoon. (sleep) 2. Look! The kids ___________ that tree. (climb) 3. The moon ____ around the earth. (go) 4. Hurry! The bus _____________! I __________ to miss it. (come/not want) is sleeping are climbing is coming don’t want sleeps goes

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13 Some verbs usually can’t be progressive… Senses hear see smell taste touch Thoughts/mental states know understand believe mean remember Existence be exist seem appear Possession have own possess belong contain Feelings/Emotions love hate need appreciate like want desire

14 Answers… / I am knowing your name. / This car is belonging to me. / I am having three children. / This pasta is smelling so good! / He is seeming nice. / I’m seeing you. / I’m seeing the doctor at 10. / I am knowing your name. / This car is belonging to me. / I am having three children. / This pasta is smelling so good! / He is seeming nice. / I’m seeing you. / I’m seeing the doctor at 10. If the sentence is wrong, please correct it. s e s s ‘see’ means ‘meet’ here, not a sense verb Correct?

15 Some things to remember: / Past simple means it began and ended at a specific time in the past. / Usually we know ‘when.’ / V-ed (…but there are many irregular verbs.) / Past simple means it began and ended at a specific time in the past. / Usually we know ‘when.’ / V-ed (…but there are many irregular verbs.) Simple and Progressive go-build-fall- know-come-stand- fly-feel-throw- etc. go- wentbuild - builtfall - fell know - knewcome - camestand - stood fly - flewfeel - feltthrow - threw

16 Some things to remember: Mie studied last night. She didn’t goof off! Mie studied last night. She didn’t goof off! X Simple and Progressive …when… ed

17 Some things to remember: Mie lived in Hawaii when she was young. She didn’t live in Japan then. Mie lived in Hawaii when she was young. She didn’t live in Japan then. Simple and Progressive …when… X X X X d

18 Some things to remember: / Past progressive is used to show ‘interrupted past.’ / Progressive means ‘in progress.’ / was/were + V-ing / Past progressive is used to show ‘interrupted past.’ / Progressive means ‘in progress.’ / was/were + V-ing Simple and Progressive

19 Some things to remember: Mie was studying when I arrived. X X was studying I arrived Simple and Progressive When I arrived, Mie was studying.

20 What’s the difference? When I was talking, Mie was taking notes. Progressive and Progressive X X I was talking Mie was taking notes

21 Practice 1. The baby __________ when the phone _______. 2. She usually _______ for about 2 hours every afternoon, but not today! (sleep, ring, sleep) 3. Bridget _________ in Japan when she ______ James. He __________ Japanese and __________ English and __________ in a band when she ________ him in Japan. When she ______ him, she _________ a teacher at GEOS! (live, meet, study, teach, play, meet, meet, be) 4. What _____________ at 9:00 last night? (you/do) 1. The baby __________ when the phone _______. 2. She usually _______ for about 2 hours every afternoon, but not today! (sleep, ring, sleep) 3. Bridget _________ in Japan when she ______ James. He __________ Japanese and __________ English and __________ in a band when she ________ him in Japan. When she ______ him, she _________ a teacher at GEOS! (live, meet, study, teach, play, meet, meet, be) 4. What _____________ at 9:00 last night? (you/do) was sleepingrang sleeps was livingmet was studying teaching playing met was were you doing

22 Some things to remember: / Present perfect describes an action that began in the past but affects the present. / …or happened sometime in the past, but we don’t know when. / have/has + past participle / Present perfect describes an action that began in the past but affects the present. / …or happened sometime in the past, but we don’t know when. / have/has + past participle Perfect Tenses

23 Some things to remember: Mie has already eaten. Perfect Tenses X …so she doesn’t need to eat NOW. Finished in the past but affects the present… We often use yet, already, and just with the perfect simple.

24 Some things to remember: Mie has studied English a lot. Perfect Tenses X X finish? This means ‘in her life’. We use present perfect to talk about life experience.

25 What’s the difference? Mie has studied English a lot. Simple v. Perfect X X finish? Mie studied English in Hawaii last year. Mie studied English in Hawaii last year. X

26 What’s the difference? Mr. Jones has lived here all his life. Simple v. Perfect XX finish? Mr. Jones lived here all his life. Mr. Jones lived here all his life. X

27 Practice 1. I _______ my homework every night between 7 and 9. Now it’s 8:00, so I _____________ my homework yet. (do/finish) 2. Ayaka and Mai _________ their homework two hours ago! (finish) 3. Isabelle ______ to travel. She ______________ to more than 20 countries. (love/travel) 4. Phil and Peggy _______________ for over thirty years. They ______________ in (be married/get married) do haven’t finished finished loveshas traveled have been married got married

28 Some things to remember: There are five ways to talk about the future. Future 1.will 2.(be) going to + V 3.present simple 4.present progressive 5.(be) about to +V 1.Mie will study tomorrow. 2.She’s going to be a doctor. 3.The plane leaves at 6:15. 4.I’m meeting him at four. 5.I’m just about to finish. X

29 Some things to remember: Future Will: I’ll see you tomorrow. I won’t tell anyone. We use will when we decide to do something at the moment of speaking. (the phone is ringing) “I’ll get it!” Volunteering ! decide now!

30 Meanings for will Offering: “That bag looks heavy. I’ll help you with it.” Promising: “I’ll never tell anyone how old you really are.” Requesting: “Will you please be quiet?” Predicting: “Don’t worry. You’ll pass your exam.” Volunteering “I hear the phone ringing. I’ll get it!”

31 Some things to remember: Future I’m going to do my homework at 10:00. I’m not going to goof off. We use (be) going to + V when we decided before speaking. (I have hair dye.) “I’m going to dye my hair pink.” Also for Predicting: “Don’t worry. You’re going to pass your exam.” Planning ! Decide before (be) going to + V

32 What’s the difference? A. “Which shirt do you want?” B. “I’ll take the pink one.” A. “Which shirt do you want?” B. “I’ll take the pink one.” Will and Going to Decide now! Decided before! A. “Why are you going downtown?” B. “I’m going to go downtown to buy that pink shirt.” A. “Why are you going downtown?” B. “I’m going to go downtown to buy that pink shirt.”

33 Practice 1. A: “Are you leaving?” B: “Yes, I ___________ for a walk with Saki.” A: “Oh, I ________ with you!” 2. A: (Knock knock…) “Someone ___________ at the door.” B: “I _____ it!” 3. A: “Dad, can you help me? My bike has a flat tire.” B: “Sure, I _______ you after dinner.” (later) A: “Dad ____________ my tire yet?” B: “No, I ____________ it after dinner.” 1. A: “Are you leaving?” B: “Yes, I ___________ for a walk with Saki.” A: “Oh, I ________ with you!” 2. A: (Knock knock…) “Someone ___________ at the door.” B: “I _____ it!” 3. A: “Dad, can you help me? My bike has a flat tire.” B: “Sure, I _______ you after dinner.” (later) A: “Dad ____________ my tire yet?” B: “No, I ____________ it after dinner.” ‘ll get ‘m going to go ’ll come is knocking ‘ll help have you fixed ’m going to fix

34 Some things to remember: Grammar cards… / Present / Past / Future / Present / Past / Future Simple +Progressive Perfect / ‘time lines’ Don’t forget to check your homework in the library every week. Look at this powerpoint again on Grammar Links

35 Finished!


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