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Espa ñ ol II: Repaso Examen del mediosemestre: Capítulo 3.

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Presentation on theme: "Espa ñ ol II: Repaso Examen del mediosemestre: Capítulo 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 Espa ñ ol II: Repaso Examen del mediosemestre: Capítulo 3

2 Cap í tulo 3: ¿ Qu é ropa est á de moda? Vocabulario Pp (clothing articles/fabrics/patterns) Pp (accessories/people in clothing/methods of payment) Gramática Pretérito (How do you use verbs in the past?) Adjetivos Demostrativos (this/that/these/those) Pronombres Demostrativos (What if you dont want to refer to the noun?)

3 ¿Qu é es el Pret é rito? Verbs have a different set of endings to use the past tense This past tense is called the preterite Like the present tense, each type of verb has its own set of endings, though ER and IR verbs share the same endings The preterite also has has its share of irregular verbs, such as verbs that end in: – car – gar – zar

4 Terminos del Pret é rito: AR The following endings are for forming regular AR verbs in the preterite: yoé tútúaste Él/ella/Ud.ó nosotrosamos vosotrosasteis Ellos/ellas/Uds.aron

5 Terminos del Pret é rito: ER y IR The following ending are for BOTH regular ER y IR verbs in the preterite: yoí tútúiste Él/ella/Ud.ióió nosotrosimos vosotrosisteis Ellos/ellas/Uds.ieron

6 Car, Gar, Zar Verbs Verbs that end in car, gar, or zar have irregular endings in the YO FORM Car= qué Tocar: yo toqué Gar=guéPagar: yo pagué Zar=céEmpezar: yo empecé

7 ¿Cu á les son los Adjetivos Demostrativos? Demonstrative adjectives are this, that, these, those They demonstrate the location of something MUST have an object behind them: the adjective has to agree in gender and number with the object Unlike English, we have a different set of words for that and those if the object is far away

8 Demonstrative Adjectives: This/These/That/Those esteestos estaestas This/These : That/Those: eseesos esaesas **NOTE THE CHANGES IN THE MASCULINE FORMS BETWEEN SINGULAR AND PLURAL!!

9 Demonstrative Adjectives: That/Those-Far Away These words are used if the object of that or those is far away. Note the spelling changes: aquelaquellos aquellaaquellas

10 ¿Cu á les son Pronombres Demostrativos? Demonstrative pronouns sound like what they are: pronouns that demonstrate the location of something Because theyre pronouns, the subject is NOT referred to (this one, that one)

11 Los Pronombres Demostrativos As you can see, the demonstrative pronouns are the same words as the demonstrative adjectives. The only difference is that you put an accent over the first e in every word.This should slightly affect the pronunciation as well. ésteéstos éstaéstas éseésos ésaésas aquélaquéllos aquéllaaquéllas


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