Presentation on theme: "Examen del mediosemestre: Capítulo 3"— Presentation transcript:
1 Examen del mediosemestre: Capítulo 3 Español II: RepasoExamen del mediosemestre: Capítulo 3
2 Capítulo 3: ¿Qué ropa está de moda? VocabularioPp (clothing articles/fabrics/patterns)Pp (accessories/people in clothing/methods of payment)GramáticaPretérito (How do you use verbs in the past?)Adjetivos Demostrativos (this/that/these/those)Pronombres Demostrativos (What if you don’t want to refer to the noun?)
3 ¿Qué es el Pretérito?Verbs have a different set of endings to use the past tense This past tense is called the preteriteLike the present tense, each type of verb has its own set of endings, though ER and IR verbs share the same endingsThe preterite also has has its share of irregular verbs, such as verbs that end in:cargarzar
4 Terminos del Pretérito: AR The following endings are for forming regular AR verbs in the preterite:yoétúasteÉl/ella/Ud.ónosotrosamosvosotrosasteisEllos/ellas/Uds.aron
5 Terminos del Pretérito: ER y IR The following ending are for BOTH regular ER y IR verbs in the preterite:yoítúisteÉl/ella/Ud.iónosotrosimosvosotrosisteisEllos/ellas/Uds.ieron
6 Car, Gar, Zar Verbs Car= qué Verbs that end in car, gar, or zar have irregular endings in the YO FORMCar= quéTocar: yo toquéGar=guéPagar: yo paguéZar=céEmpezar: yo empecé
7 ¿Cuáles son los Adjetivos Demostrativos? Demonstrative adjectives are this, that, these, thoseThey “demonstrate” the location of somethingMUST have an object behind them: the adjective has to agree in gender and number with the objectUnlike English, we have a different set of words for that and those if the object is far away
8 Demonstrative Adjectives: This/These/That/Those esteestosestaestasThat/Those:eseesosesaesas**NOTE THE CHANGES IN THE MASCULINE FORMS BETWEEN SINGULAR AND PLURAL!!
9 Demonstrative Adjectives: That/Those-Far Away These words are used if the object of that or those is far away. Note the spelling changes:aquelaquellosaquellaaquellas
10 ¿Cuáles son Pronombres Demostrativos? Demonstrative pronouns sound like what they are: pronouns that demonstrate the location of somethingBecause they’re pronouns, the subject is NOT referred to (this “one,” that “one”)
11 Los Pronombres Demostrativos As you can see, the demonstrative pronouns are the same words as the demonstrative adjectives. The only difference is that you put an accent over the first “e” in every word.This should slightly affect the pronunciation as well.ésteéstoséstaéstaséseésosésaésasaquélaquéllosaquéllaaquéllas
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