Presentation on theme: "Capítulo 1 The Verb: Ser. Verbs Verbs are words that are most often used to name actions or link two ideas together. Verbs in English have different forms."— Presentation transcript:
Capítulo 1 The Verb: Ser
Verbs Verbs are words that are most often used to name actions or link two ideas together. Verbs in English have different forms depending on who is doing the action or when the action is occurring: I walk, she walks, we walked, etc. The most basic form of a verb is called an infinitive. In English, you can spot infinitives because they usually have the word to in front of them: to swim, to read, to write
Verbs in Spanish in their most basic form are infinitives Infinitives in Spanish do NOT have a separate word to in front of them but when you translate them they ALWAYS start with the word to in the English translations. Spanish infinitives are only one word. They ALWAYS end in either –ar, -er, or -ir
You will want to use verbs in ways other than in the infinitive forms. (to be) To do this you must conjugate the verbs to be am is are The easiest way to conjugate in Spanish is in a verb chart (required) The form of the verb will change with each subject 1)Yo4) Nosotros Nosotras 2) Tú5) Vosotros Vosotras 3) Él Ella Ud. 6) Ellos Ellas Uds.
Conjugating Ser The verb ser means to be. Ser is an extremely irregular verb. Use ser to describe what a person or thing is like.
Ser- to be 1. (yo) soy 4. (nosotros) somos 2. (tú) eres 5. (vosotros) sois 3. (él) (ella) es (ella) es (Ud.) (Ud.) 6. (ellos) (ellas) son (ellas) son (Uds.) (Uds.)
Because soy, eres, and somos always have the same subject you can often omit the subject pronoun.
How to answer questions If asked in the tú form Answer in the yo form ¿De dónde eres? Soy de Crete. If asked in the Ud. form Answer in the yo form. ¿De dónde es Ud.? Soy de Crete. If asked in the Uds. form Answer in the Nosotros,-as form ¿De dónde son Uds.? Nosotros somos de Crete. Summarize: What is different between Eng. infinitives and Spanish? Whats special about Ser? What about asking questions?