Presentation on theme: "El Preterito Time: Key Phrases: Structure: Simple tense"— Presentation transcript:
1El Preterito Time: Key Phrases: Structure: Simple tense refers to specific, completed past actionsKey Phrases:Certain time (last night, yesterday at 4:00, last July 4th)certain number of times (once, 3 times)Structure: Simple tenseverb stem + ending
2The Preterite Tense Fixed point in time Specific number of actions I called you at 3:00Specific number of actionsI called you five timesEnclosed amount of timeI worked for eight hours.
3Sometimes time is implied rather than stated. I went to John’s party.We ate at McDonald’s.The meeting was boringIn the first 2 sentences, it is implied that the action happened once.in the 3rd, we can assume that the meeting, from beginning to end, was boring.
4Forming regular verbs in the preterite. -ar verbs. Drop the –ar and add the following endings-amos-aron-é-aste-óhablar (I spoke, you spoke, he spoke)nosotros hablamosellos hablaronyo hablétú hablasteél habló
5-er and –ir verbs. Drop the –er or –ir and add the following endings -imos-ieron-í-iste-ióvivir (I lived, you lived, he lived)comer (I ate, you ate, he ate)nosotros vivimosellos vivieronyo comítú comisteél comióyo vivítú vivisteél viviónosotros comimosellos comieron
6Orthographic Changes in Regular Verbs (Crazy yo’s!) verbs ending in gar; insert u before the eyo lleguéverbs ending in car; change c to quyo busquéverbs ending in zar; change z to c.yo almorcé