Presentation on theme: "Direct object pronouns The object that directly receives the action of the verb is called the direct object. The direct object answers the question "what?""— Presentation transcript:
Direct object pronouns The object that directly receives the action of the verb is called the direct object. The direct object answers the question "what?" or "whom?" with regard to what the subject of the sentence is doing. When the pronoun replaces the name of the direct object, use the following pronouns: DOPNsSingularPlural 1 st personMe= ________Us = ________ 2 nd PersonYou = ________ 3 rd person Him = ________ Her = ________ You/It = ________ Them (m) _______ Them (fem) _____ Yall ___________ me te lo la Lo/la nos las los Los/las In sentences with two verbs, there are two options regarding the placement of the direct object pronoun. 1. Place it immediately before the conjugated verb. 2. Attach it directly to the infinitive.
Indirect object pronouns The indirect object (IO) tells us where the direct object (DO) is going. The indirect object answers the question "To whom?" or "For whom?" the action of the verb is performed. Sentences that have an indirect object usually also have a direct object. Remember, the IO tells us where the DO is going. Sometimes the direct object is not stated; rather it is implied, or understood.
Indirect object pronouns When a pronoun takes the place of the name of the indirect object, use the following pronouns: IDOPNsSingularPlural 1 st person(to/for) Me= ________(to/for) Us = ________ 2 nd Person(to/for) You = ________ 3 rd person (to/for) Him = ________ (to/for) Her = ________ (to/for) You/It = ________ (to/for) Them (m) _______ (to/for) Them (fem) _____ (to/for) Yall ___________ me te nos le les The IO pronouns le and les present a special problem because they are ambiguous. Since le and les can mean more than one thing, a prepositional phrase is often added to remove the ambiguity or for emphasis
Preterite of regular –ar verbs The preterite is used for past actions that are seen as completed. The preterite of regular -ar verbs is formed by dropping the infinitive ending - ar and adding the appropriate endings to the stem. Pret. –ar endings SingularPlural 1 st person 2 nd Person 3 rd person é aste ó amos aron Note that verbs that end in ______, ______, and ______ have a spelling change in the ______ form. _______ = _______ cargarzar yo car gar zar qué gué cé
Ser and Ir in the preterite The verbs ir and ser are irregular in the preterite tense The context in which each verb is used in the sentence will clarify the meaning. The verb ser is not used very often in the preterite. Pret. Of ser and ir SingularPlural 1 st person 2 nd Person 3 rd person fui fuiste fue fuimos fueron
Preterite of regular –er and –ir verbs Both regular –er and –ir verbs have the same set of endings Pret. Er/ir endings SingularPlural 1 st person 2 nd Person 3 rd person í iste ió imos ieron
Dar and Ver in the preterite The preterite endings of the verbs dar and ver are the same as those of regular -er and -ir verbs, except for the accent marks. Pret. dar SingularPlural 1 st person 2 nd Person 3 rd person Pret. ver SingularPlural 1 st person 2 nd Person 3 rd person divi disteviste diovio dimosvimos dieronvieron
Present tense go verbs The verbs hacer (to do, to make), poner, traer (to bring), and salir have an irregular yo form. The yo form has a g. All other forms are the same as those of a regular -er or -ir verb. hacerponertraersalir Yo Tú Él,ella, ud. Nosotros Ellos, ellas, Uds. g Beware of the sneaky g hagopongotraigosalgo haces hace hacemos hacen pones pone ponemos ponen traes trae traemos traen sales sale salimos salen
Present tense go verbs The verb venir (to come) also has an irregular yo form. It conjugates like the verb tener. It is an e-ie stemchanger. Present venir SingularPlural 1 st person 2 nd Person 3 rd person vengo vienes viene venimos vienen
Present progressive tense The present progressive is used in Spanish to express an action that is presently going on an action in progress. The present progressive is formed by using the present tense of the verb estar and the present participlespeaking, doing. To form the present participle of most verbs in Spanish you drop the ending of the infinitive and add -ando to the stem of -ar verbs and -iendo to the stem of -er and - ir verbs. Note that the verbs leer and traer have a y in the present participle. leyendo trayendo
Saber y conocer in the present tense The verbs saber and conocer both mean to know. Note that like many Spanish verbs they have an irregular yo form in the present tense. All other forms are regular. Present saber SingularPlural 1 st person 2 nd Person 3 rd person Present conocer SingularPlural 1 st person 2 nd Person 3 rd person sé sabes sabe sabemos saben conozco conoces conoce conocemos conocen
Saber y conocer in the present tense The verb saber means to know a fact or to have information about something. It also means to know how to do something. The verb conocer means to know in the sense of to be acquainted with. It is used to talk about people and complex or abstract concepts rather than simple facts.
Reflexive verbs A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same When a verb is reflexive, the infinitive ends in "se." The reflexive pronouns are me, te, se, nos, se Steps to conjugating Cut Fling Flop Chopsuey (switch-a-roonie) Schmoosh Cut off the se Fling se in front of the verb Flop se over into me, te, se, nos, or se to match the subject Chop off –ar, -er, -ir Swich the stem if necessary Add the appropriate ending lav seme ar o