Define and Conjugate the following verbs in the preterite: estudiar- correr- vivir-
-car-gar-zar verbsYO form spelling change -car sacar -garjugar -zarempezar Note: -Ar stem-changing verbs do NOT stem change in the preterite, only in the present tense What is a verb stem? How is it formed?
Define AND Conjugate the following verbs: *buscar-*llegar- *comenzar-
-Ir stem-changing verbs (*stem change in the 3 rd person singular & plural forms ONLY!) ei ou *servir*dormir servíservimosdormí dormimos servisteservisteisdormistedormisteis
Define these –ir stem-changing verbs and what their stem change would be: preferir- morir- divertirse- vestir(se)- pedir- seguir- conseguir- reír(se)- repetir- sentir-
Ir/Ser Darand Ver Remember how to conjugate these? they ALL have irregular forms! *ir/ser*dar *ver *Notice that NONE of the forms have accent marks!
Other irregular preterite verbs can be placed into categories To make it easier on yourself, memorize them! Categories -J group verbs -U group verbs -I group verbs -Y group verbs
J Group Verbs decir (to say, tell) conducir (to drive) traducir (to translate) producir (to produce) traer (to bring) *Add the following endings to these verbs: Notice- NO accent marks!
U Group Verbs saber (know/found out) poner (put, place/become) poder (could~carried out) tener (had/was) estar (was, were) andar (walked) *Add the following endings to these verbs: Notice- NO accent marks!
I group Verbs venir (come) hacer (made, did) querer (want/deny, refuse) *In the 3 rd person singular, hacer becomes hizo to maintain the soft csound *Add the following endings to these verbs: Notice- NO accent marks!
Y Group Verbs These verbs are different than the previous groups because they only have a y in the 3 rd person singular & plural. They also have accents on some forms that regular verbs do not You must be extra careful when learning & conjugating these verbs.