2 1. Identify the cause of WWI illustrated in the cartoon 1. Identify the cause of WWI illustrated in the cartoon. Explain this cause using two details from the cartoon.
3 First Period Alliances The littler guy is getting picked on and he’s being backed up by the other countriesIt’s starting more fights as each person threatens hitting someone AKA they declared “war” on the other country (person)Threats made (not acted out) on allies“If you touch me I’ll…” (threat of action)“If you strike my friend, I’ll…” (threat of action against an ally)
4 Second PeriodAustria attacks little country of Serbia and then other countries joined to fight with their alliesGermany is protecting Austria-HungaryBritain is the last to join the fightThe cause of WWI was one country threatening another and its alliances coming to the rescueThe countries are represented by people threatening to hit another “country”The countries are yelling threatening things in order to protect their allies
5 Fourth Period The one guy touching the boy (Serbia on Austria-Hungary) The chain started with him and everyone started to defend their friend.Looks like the German is closer and then the other two are fartherScore: 1The cause of WWI was because of an Austro-Hungarian being attacked and then several countries coming to his defense.The third guy, the German, came after the RussianThe last person to come to his defense is the EnglishScore: 3
6 2. Analyze the message of this political cartoon 2. Analyze the message of this political cartoon. Provide two features or details from the cartoon in your response.
7 First Period Germany is being forced to make peace Hand wrapped around GermanyDialogue- countries shoving peace pill in Germany’s mouthTrying to get Germany to agree to peace termsThe fingers represent the counties holding GermanyThe “pill” represents the terms
8 Second PeriodIt is a message saying that Germany has to come to an agreement with the peace whether they like it or notThe hand represents each country other than Germany, forcing the person to stay stillThe countries are also represented by people shoving the “peace treaty” down Germany’s throat.The Big Four want Germany to make peace with them and stop fightingThe hand is holding Germany, the hand is all four allies who want peaceThey are also feeding the man, “Germany,” a pill that says peace terms. All Four are serving this pill to him.
9 Fourth Period Allied powers want to defeat someone. Feeding the enemy something they want.Crushing the enemy.Score: 0Germany was forced to accept peace terms.I know this because Germany is being held tight in a fist and being fed a ‘pill’ that says “peace terms.”The four Allied leaders are standing on the pill box, holding the spoon with the pill on it.Score: 3
10 3. Contrast two differences between Wilson’s Fourteen Points plan and the Treaty of Versailles from the chart below.
11 First PeriodWilson’s plan wants freedom of seas whereas Treaty of Versailles does notWilson’s plan wants free trade but under Versailles Germany would have to pay $33 billion backWilson wants less army involvement and the treaty wanted more army to destroy Germany’sWilson wants just free trade; treaty gets Germany to pay $33 billion
12 Second PeriodThe 14 Points plan wanted less military but the Treaty of Versailles called for defeating Germany’s militaryThe 14 Points plan called for free trade but the Treaty of Versailles said that Germany owed $33 billion for damages in WWI14 Points has free trade but Versailles has $33 billion for trade14 Points has adjust colonies but Versailles has nothing and has divided Germany
13 Fourth PeriodOne settlement was a $33 billion war debt for internal damages.This was destructive as it is a ridiculous amount to pay back.Another settlement was the abolition of German military which actually led to the re-growth and defiance that spurred WWII.Score: 1Was not effective at all- WWII still happenedMake size of German military smaller -> Germans resented demandsForced to pay war debts -> hurt already crippled German economyScore: 3
14 4. The peace settlement following WWI was greatly determined by Great Britain, France and the United States at the Palace of Versailles. Germany reluctantly signed the treaty. Evaluate the effectiveness of the Versailles Treaty. Include two settlements and the impact of each in your response.IssueTreaty settlementProblemsWar debtBecause of the treaty, the new German Republic had to make large payments to pay for damage caused by the war.These payments would hurt an already damaged German economy.Fear of German strengthThe treaty limited the size of the German military.Germans resented the treaty demands.NationalismThe treaty created new states.Some ethnic groups became unwanted minorities in new states.Colonies and other non-European territoriesThe treaty created a system of mandates.Mandates added to imperial rule instead of ending it.League of NationsThe treaty established the League of Nations.The United States did not join, thereby weakening the League’s power
15 First PeriodThe Treaty mainly effected Germany and in a very bad way, it led them to deep debt.It did make others happy because they felt as though Germany should be punished.The Treaty created mandates which only added to imperial ruleTreaty established the League of Nations, but the US didn’t join so it wasn’t that effectiveThe treaty was not that effective because each settlement had problems.These problems were very serious and some led to WWII.One settlement was made to combat the war debt, causing Germany to pay a lot of money. However, Germany was already hurt economically.Another settlement was there to limit German strength, cutting down the size of their military. This was a problem because Germany was reluctant and angry, which caused future issues.
16 Second Period Treaty of Versailles was not effective Germany’s debt Made the country’s financial situation worseGerman military limitationsDidn’t really matter, Germany started WWII
17 Fourth PeriodAt Versailles, the Allies demanded payment and demilitarization of Germany. This crippled the German economy. Germany also resented this treaty.Score: 1The Versailles Treaty wasn’t effective at all.The new German republic had to make large payments because of the damage of the war which hurt the economy even more.Because of the new states that were created some ethnic groups became unwanted.Score: 3