3 British control of America was established with the Treaty of Paris However, the real hold that Great Britain had on the colonies was weakNew and different laws were passed in an effort to control tradeColonial merchants and shippers found other ways of getting around those lawsThen new events affected the relationship between Great Britain and the colonies
4 Proclamation of 1763 The first problem occurred in spring of 1763 Great numbers of colonists settled in Ohio Valley, west of Appalachian MountainsAn Ottawa chief, Pontiac,knew that more AmericanIndian land might get lostto British settlersChief Pontiac organizedseveral American Indiannations and successfully attacked colonial forts
5 To avoid more troublewith American Indians,King George III signedProclamation of 1763This act ordered allsettlers to leave OhioValley and return to established coloniesDid not allow any more people to make new settlements west of AppalachiansIt said that no traders could enter area without approval of king
6 Taxation Without Representation Colonists were opposed to the new lawThey had fought in French and Indian War and now the law was saying that no one could go westMany colonists felt that the king didn’t care about protecting them from American IndiansFelt its real purpose was to prevent them from developing the new landTaxation Without RepresentationNew problem was British debt from the French and Indian WarSome money had been raised by increasing taxes of people in Great Britain
7 In 1764, Parliament, the government of Great Britain, agreed that it had the right to tax the colonies in exchange for protection from all enemiesColonists disagreed with this policy, saying they did not need any British help to protect themselvesMany colonists felt this taxation without colonial agreement, or “taxation without representation,” could not be tolerated
8 New British Policies Sugar Act – passed in 1764 Raised the tax on sugar, cloth goods, and other articles from any place other than Great BritainCurrency Act – passed in 1764Made it illegal for the colonies to print their own moneyQuartering Act – passed in 1765Demanded that the colonies provided housing and goods for all British soldiers in AmericaStamp Act – passed in 1765Enabled the government to tax legal and business papers used in AmericaIt also taxed such items as playing cards and dice
9 The colonists protested the Stamp Act Tarred and feathered tax collectorsTried to force the removal of the Stamp Act by boycotting all British goodsParliament decided to remove, or repeal, the tax in 1766Shortly thereafter, Parliament passed the Declaratory ActAct stated that Great Britain had control over the colonies in all cases
10 5.1 PowerPoint Questions1.) Why did the British decide to tax the colonists?2.) Why did the colonists protest the Proclamation of 1763?3.) What was the attitude of the king toward the colonists?4.) Why did the colonies feel that taxation was unfair?5.) What was the Stamp Act and when was it passed?C.T.) Do you think Great Britain had the right to tax the colonists? Why or why not?