2OBJECTIVES Describe the fight to control North America. Describe how alliances between native Americans and colonists affected the French and Indian War.Explain the new laws passed after the French and Indian War.
3VOCABULARY Alliance – a formal agreement among groups or individuals. Delegates – representativesParliament – the lawmaking branch of the British governmentProclamation – public announcementBudget – plan for spending money
5The Ohio Valley Claimed by Britain and France Along the Ohio River from the Appalachians to the Mississippi RiverBritish = trade & growthFrench = connected land in New France & New Orleans1750 – France sends soldiers to kick out the British
7WAR 1754 – Starts in North America Spread to Europe Native Americans fought for both sides, but mostly for the French
8How did it all start?July 1754 – Colonial leaders meet at Albany, New York7 Colonies sent delegates, Benjamin Franklin was one of themFranklin said colonies MUST unite to fight FrenchPlan was known as the Albany Plan of Union – but not approved – colonists not ready to fight
9A month earlierVirginia sends George Washington to lead 150 soldiers to take Ohio Valley from FrenchBattles were foughtFort Necessity built by VirginiansJuly 3, 1754 – French attack and take over the fort.
11HELP NEEDED Colonists asked Parliament for help They sent an army to help fight the French and their Native American AlliesGeneral Edward Braddock led the British
12British lose early battles April 1755 – Braddock takes 1,800 troops to attack Fort DuquesneWashington came as an advisorBritish – fight in open fieldsFrench – fight like Native Americans (hide in forests)Braddock is killed!
13British start making progress. . . Britain sends more troops and suppliesCaptured Fort Duquesne & other French fortsDefeat French at Montreal & Quebec
14At home in Britain 1756 – French & British start fighting in Europe Spain joins sides with FrenchBritish = stronger navy and defeat the Spanish in 1762France gives Spain most of Louisiana to make up for Spain’s losses
16Treaty of Paris 1763 – War ends Britain gains most of Canadaall French lands east of the Mississippi RiverSpanish FloridaFrance losses most of their land in North America
17Still more trouble . . .British colonists wanted to move west and settle in what was once French landNative Americans not so open to this idea1763 – Ottawa Chief Pontiac – unites Native AmericansAttack British forts and British settlements around forts
18Proclamation of 1763 King George III wants to end the fighting 1763 makes the Proclamation of 1763States:All land west of the Appalachian Mountains belong to Native AmericansWhite settlers in those lands were to leave
19WHAT???? Colonists ignored the Proclamation of 1763. They had a right to that landThey fought for it and were not movingSo fighting continued with Native AmericansWho does the King think he is anyway?????
20$$$$$Britain needs money to pay for the cost of the French and Indian WarParliament passes new taxes for the colonists to payThat should be fair, they fought the war for them anyway
21SUGAR ACT 1764 – Sugar Act passed to raise money Taxed sugar & molasses brought into the colonies from the West IndiesThis hurt mostly New England business(Remember the Triangular Trade)
22How did the French and Indian War change relations between the colonists and British? Proclamation of 1763Sugar ActBoth angered the colonists
23What events caused the French and Indian War? Land disputes between the French & British, mainly in the Ohio ValleyThe Battle of Fort Necessity
24Why do you think French soldiers chose to fight in the same was as their Native American allies? They had learned that the Native American’s fighting style was better suited to the forested frontier.
25Cause and EffectCAUSE EFFECT Parliament passes the sugar act
26Cause and EffectCAUSE The British decide colonists should help pay for the warEFFECT Parliament passes the sugar act
27Cause and EffectCAUSE The Virginians build Fort Necessity in a disputed area.EFFECT
28Cause and EffectCAUSE The Virginians build Fort Necessity in a disputed area.EFFECT The French attack troops at Fort Necessity starting the French and Indian War