Creating a New Nation The Road to Revolution 1763-1776 Section 1
Tighter British Control Proclamation of 1763 – King George III Colonists could not settle beyond the Appalachian Mountains. Colonists wanted to move westward to speculate. (buy as investment) Quartering Act – colonists to house 10,000 soldiers. Colonists feared Parliament ’ s control.
British Tighter Controls Debt from French and Indian War. Sugar Act 1765 – tax on sugar and molasses shipped to the colonies. Stamp Act 1765 – tax on all legal and commercial documents. Colonists – no taxes without their consent.
Colonist Defy Parliament “ No taxation without representation ” Patrick Henry – member of Virginia House of Burgesses demanded resistance. Stamp Act Congress – 1765 – 9 colonies united in drafting a protest to the king. Sons of Liberty – secret society opposing British policies.
Colonist Defy Parliament Colonists protested by boycotting. Refusal to buy British goods. Stamp was repealed in 1766. Colonists celebrated but arguments had just begun http://www.pbs.org/ktca/liberty/
Essential Questions Why were the colonists threatened by Parliament ’ s new laws? How did the colonists react when Parliament took over the assemblies power to tax? Why did Parliament pass new laws governing the colonies? How did the colonist oppose the new acts?