2Rhode Island Connecticut Massachusetts New Hampshire New England ColoniesRhode IslandConnecticutMassachusettsNew Hampshire
3New England Climate and Physical Features Rocky Soils Short farming seasonSubsistence farmingBad farming conditionsGreat harbors for portCities like Boston
4Economic Comparative Advantage New EnglandEconomic Comparative AdvantageCommercial businesses ($$$)FishingShippingmanufacturing
5Why colonies were started New EnglandWhy colonies were startedReligious freedomPilgrims, Puritans fled England for Massachusetts
6The New England Colonies MassachusettsNew HampshireRhode IslandConnecticut
7Rhode Island Founded: 1636 by Roger Williams and others, at Providence Major Industry: Agriculture (livestock, dairy, fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering)Major Cities: ProvidenceColony Named for: Dutch for "red island"Became a State: May 29, 1790
8Connecticut Founded: 1636 by Thomas Hooker and others, at Hartford Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, fishing)Major Cities: Hartford, New HavenColony Named for: from an Algonquin word, quinnehtukqut, "beside the long tidal river"Became a State: February 6, 1788
9MassachusettsFounded: 1630 by John Winthrop and others, at Massachusetts BayMajor Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding)Major Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, ConcordColony Named for: Massachusetts tribe (word means "large hill place")Became a State: February 6, 1788
10New Hampshire Founded: 1638 by John Wheelwright and others Major Industry: Agriculture (potatoes, fishing), Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding)Major Cities: ConcordColony Named for: county of Hampshire in EnglandBecame a State: June 21, 1788
11Middle ColoniesDelawarePennsylvaniaNew YorkNew Jersey
12Climate and Physical Features Middle ColoniesClimate and Physical FeaturesGood SoilLonger growing seasons than New EnglandOk Harbors
13Economic Comparative Advantage Middle ColoniesEconomic Comparative AdvantageKnown as the “Breadbasket”Grew crops like wheat and cornProvided food for other coloniesSome shipping and manufacturing
14Why colonies were started Middle ColoniesWhy colonies were startedReligious FreedomMake money through trade (New York and New Jersey)
16Delaware Founded: 1638 by Peter Minuit and others Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering)Major Cities: WilmingtonColony Named for: named for the Delaware tribe and for an early governor of colonial Virginia, Lord de la WarrBecame a State: December 7, 1787
17Pennsylvania Founded: 1682 by William Penn and others, at Philadelphia Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, cattle, dairy), Manufacturing (textiles, papermaking, shipbuilding)Major Cities: Philadelphia, Lancaster, YorkColony Named for: William Penn and sylvania, Latin for "forest"Became a State: December 12, 1787
18New York Founded: 1626 by Peter Minuit and others, on Manhattan Island Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (cattle, grain, rice, indigo, wheat)Major Cities: New York City, AlbanyColony Named for: Duke of YorkBecame a State: July 26, 1788
19New Jersey Founded: 1664 by English colonists Major Industry: Manufacturing (ironworking, lumbering)Major Cities: Trenton, PrincetonColony Named for: Isle of Jersey in EnglandBecame a State: December 18, 1787
20Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia Southern ColoniesMarylandVirginiaNorth CarolinaSouth CarolinaGeorgia
21Climate and Physical Features Southern ColoniesClimate and Physical FeaturesGreat SoilWarm WeatherVery long growing seasonsBad harbors
22Economic Comparative Advantage Southern ColoniesEconomic Comparative AdvantageFocused on farming cash cropsLarge plantation farms for tobacco, cotton, and indigoAlmost no shipping
23Why colonies were started Southern ColoniesWhy colonies were startedAlmost all were started to make money by growing cash cropsMaryland was started for religious freedomGeorgiaA place for criminals/ debtors
24Maryland Virginia Southern Colonies Georgia North Carolina South CarolinaGeorgia
25Maryland Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore and others, at Baltimore Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (corn, wheat, rice, indigo)Major Cities: Baltimore, AnnapolisColony Named for: Queen Henrietta Maria of EnglandBecame a State: April 28, 1788
26Virginia Founded: 1607 by John Smith and others, at Jamestown Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (tobacco, wheat, corn)Major Cities: Jamestown, Williamsburg, RichmondColony Named for: England's "Virgin Queen," Elizabeth IBecame a State: June 25, 1788
27North Carolina Founded: 1653 by Virginia colonists Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco)Major Cities: RaleighColony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of EnglandBecame a State: November 21, 1789
28South Carolina Founded: 1663 by English colonists Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco, cotton, cattle)Major Cities: CharlestonColony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of EnglandBecame a State: May 23, 1788
29Georgia Founded: 1732 by James Oglethorpe and others Major Industry: Agriculture (indigo, rice, sugar)Major Cities: SavannahColony Named for: England's King George IIBecame a State: January 2, 1788
30Reasons why the colonies began God – Religious FreedomsThe Puritans and the Pilgrims fled from England to the coloniesGlory – Wanted the fame of starting a new countryGold – People could make lots of money in the colonies especially on plantations
32Magna Carta-1215 1st document to limit power of English rulers Kings and queens must obey the law too!Major step toward constitutional governmentWhere? - England
33Colonial Government – 1600s The governor of colony represented KingColonists voted for members of a legislature (assembly)
34DISCUSS: In colonial government, assemblies controlled the salary of the governor. How is this an examples of Montisqieu’s separation of power?
35Virginia House of Burgesses-1619 1st representative assembly in AmericaBeginning of representative governmentWhere? South
36Mayflower Compact1st document to establish self-government, popular sovereignty and rule of law in the coloniesWhere? New England
37New England Town Meetings - 1629 Meeting for townspeople to express themselves openlyHelped further direct democracy as self-government in the coloniesOne vote/one personWhere? New England
38Fundamental Orders of Connecticut- 1639 1st written constitution in the American coloniesBegan a pattern of the colonists securing guaranteed rights.constitution = a written plan for governmentWhere? New England
39Maryland Toleration Act - 1649 1st document to recogonize religious freedom in the coloniesmodel for the 1st Amendment of the ConstitutionWhere? Southern
40Bacon’s Rebellion (1676)Governor William Berkeley agreed to keep settlers from taking Native American land.Nathaniel Bacon disagreed strongly and led attacks on colonial governmentRebellion against an oppressive governmentWhere? South
41English Bill of Rights (1689) List of rights for the English citizensWhere? EnglandDiscussToday where can US citizens look to find rights that are given?
42Peter Zenger TrialFirst case to protect the idea of freedom of the press in the coloniesWhere? Middle
44Enlightenment Thinkers Ideas They argued that the laws of nature also applied to human life and society.
45John Locke (England) Viewpoints All humans have “natural rights” Life LibertyPropertyIn order to have their “natural rights” protected, humans give up certain freedoms to GovernmentIf gov’t does NOT protect your Rights, citizens can OVERTHROW it!!!
46DISCUSS: When you go through airport security, what freedoms might you give up? Which one of your “natural rights” is the government protecting?
47Baron de Montesquieu (France) ViewpointsBelieved too much power in one place is dangerous for othersIntroduced “Separation of Powers” between branches of governmentEx: England’s GovernmentKing-enforced lawsParliament-made lawsJudges-interpreted laws
48DISCUSS: What might happen if Police Officers were the ones who determined the people they arrested guilty instead of judges or juries?
49Jean Jacques Rousseau (France) ViewpointsHumans will destroy themselves if they don’t give up some freedomsHumans create a “social contract” with government to protect themselves
50Discuss: How are speed limits examples of the social contract?
51Voltaire (France & England) ViewpointsBelieved in Civil LibertiesTrial by Jury of peersFreedom of ReligionFreedom of Speech
52DISCUSS: Voltaire once said: “I may not agree with what you say, but I will defend to the death your RIGHT to say it.” What do you think he meant by that?