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13 Colonies.

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Presentation on theme: "13 Colonies."— Presentation transcript:

1 13 Colonies

2 Rhode Island Connecticut Massachusetts New Hampshire
New England Colonies Rhode Island Connecticut Massachusetts New Hampshire

3 New England Climate and Physical Features Rocky Soils
Short farming season Subsistence farming Bad farming conditions Great harbors for port Cities like Boston

4 Economic Comparative Advantage
New England Economic Comparative Advantage Commercial businesses ($$$) Fishing Shipping manufacturing

5 Why colonies were started
New England Why colonies were started Religious freedom Pilgrims, Puritans fled England for Massachusetts

6 The New England Colonies
Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Connecticut

7 Rhode Island Founded: 1636 by Roger Williams and others, at Providence
Major Industry: Agriculture (livestock, dairy, fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering) Major Cities: Providence Colony Named for: Dutch for "red island" Became a State: May 29, 1790

8 Connecticut Founded: 1636 by Thomas Hooker and others, at Hartford
Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, fishing) Major Cities: Hartford, New Haven Colony Named for: from an Algonquin word, quinnehtukqut, "beside the long tidal river" Became a State: February 6, 1788

9 Massachusetts Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop and others, at Massachusetts Bay Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding) Major Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord Colony Named for: Massachusetts tribe (word means "large hill place") Became a State: February 6, 1788

10 New Hampshire Founded: 1638 by John Wheelwright and others
Major Industry: Agriculture (potatoes, fishing), Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding) Major Cities: Concord Colony Named for: county of Hampshire in England Became a State: June 21, 1788

11 Middle Colonies Delaware Pennsylvania New York New Jersey

12 Climate and Physical Features
Middle Colonies Climate and Physical Features Good Soil Longer growing seasons than New England Ok Harbors

13 Economic Comparative Advantage
Middle Colonies Economic Comparative Advantage Known as the “Breadbasket” Grew crops like wheat and corn Provided food for other colonies Some shipping and manufacturing

14 Why colonies were started
Middle Colonies Why colonies were started Religious Freedom Make money through trade (New York and New Jersey)

15 The Middle Colonies New York New Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware

16 Delaware Founded: 1638 by Peter Minuit and others
Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering) Major Cities: Wilmington Colony Named for: named for the Delaware tribe and for an early governor of colonial Virginia, Lord de la Warr Became a State: December 7, 1787

17 Pennsylvania Founded: 1682 by William Penn and others, at Philadelphia
Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, cattle, dairy), Manufacturing (textiles, papermaking, shipbuilding) Major Cities: Philadelphia, Lancaster, York Colony Named for: William Penn and sylvania, Latin for "forest" Became a State: December 12, 1787

18 New York Founded: 1626 by Peter Minuit and others, on Manhattan Island
Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (cattle, grain, rice, indigo, wheat) Major Cities: New York City, Albany Colony Named for: Duke of York Became a State: July 26, 1788

19 New Jersey Founded: 1664 by English colonists
Major Industry: Manufacturing (ironworking, lumbering) Major Cities: Trenton, Princeton Colony Named for: Isle of Jersey in England Became a State: December 18, 1787

20 Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia
Southern Colonies Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia

21 Climate and Physical Features
Southern Colonies Climate and Physical Features Great Soil Warm Weather Very long growing seasons Bad harbors

22 Economic Comparative Advantage
Southern Colonies Economic Comparative Advantage Focused on farming cash crops Large plantation farms for tobacco, cotton, and indigo Almost no shipping

23 Why colonies were started
Southern Colonies Why colonies were started Almost all were started to make money by growing cash crops Maryland was started for religious freedom Georgia A place for criminals/ debtors

24 Maryland Virginia Southern Colonies Georgia North Carolina
South Carolina Georgia

25 Maryland Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore and others, at Baltimore
Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (corn, wheat, rice, indigo) Major Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis Colony Named for: Queen Henrietta Maria of England Became a State: April 28, 1788

26 Virginia Founded: 1607 by John Smith and others, at Jamestown
Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (tobacco, wheat, corn) Major Cities: Jamestown, Williamsburg, Richmond Colony Named for: England's "Virgin Queen," Elizabeth I Became a State: June 25, 1788

27 North Carolina Founded: 1653 by Virginia colonists
Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco) Major Cities: Raleigh Colony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of England Became a State: November 21, 1789

28 South Carolina Founded: 1663 by English colonists
Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco, cotton, cattle) Major Cities: Charleston Colony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of England Became a State: May 23, 1788

29 Georgia Founded: 1732 by James Oglethorpe and others
Major Industry: Agriculture (indigo, rice, sugar) Major Cities: Savannah Colony Named for: England's King George II Became a State: January 2, 1788

30 Reasons why the colonies began
God – Religious Freedoms The Puritans and the Pilgrims fled from England to the colonies Glory – Wanted the fame of starting a new country Gold – People could make lots of money in the colonies especially on plantations

31 The Development of Democratic Ideas

32 Magna Carta-1215 1st document to limit power of English rulers
Kings and queens must obey the law too! Major step toward constitutional government Where? - England

33 Colonial Government – 1600s
The governor of colony represented King Colonists voted for members of a legislature (assembly)

34 DISCUSS: In colonial government, assemblies controlled the salary of the governor. How is this an examples of Montisqieu’s separation of power?

35 Virginia House of Burgesses-1619
1st representative assembly in America Beginning of representative government Where? South

36 Mayflower Compact 1st document to establish self-government, popular sovereignty and rule of law in the colonies Where? New England

37 New England Town Meetings - 1629
Meeting for townspeople to express themselves openly Helped further direct democracy as self-government in the colonies One vote/one person Where? New England

38 Fundamental Orders of Connecticut- 1639
1st written constitution in the American colonies Began a pattern of the colonists securing guaranteed rights. constitution = a written plan for government Where? New England

39 Maryland Toleration Act - 1649
1st document to recogonize religious freedom in the colonies model for the 1st Amendment of the Constitution Where? Southern

40 Bacon’s Rebellion (1676) Governor William Berkeley agreed to keep settlers from taking Native American land. Nathaniel Bacon disagreed strongly and led attacks on colonial government Rebellion against an oppressive government Where? South

41 English Bill of Rights (1689)
List of rights for the English citizens Where? England Discuss Today where can US citizens look to find rights that are given?

42 Peter Zenger Trial First case to protect the idea of freedom of the press in the colonies Where? Middle

43 Enlightenment Thinkers

44 Enlightenment Thinkers Ideas
They argued that the laws of nature also applied to human life and society.

45 John Locke (England) Viewpoints All humans have “natural rights” Life
Liberty Property In order to have their “natural rights” protected, humans give up certain freedoms to Government If gov’t does NOT protect your Rights, citizens can OVERTHROW it!!!

46 DISCUSS: When you go through airport security, what freedoms might you give up? Which one of your “natural rights” is the government protecting?

47 Baron de Montesquieu (France)
Viewpoints Believed too much power in one place is dangerous for others Introduced “Separation of Powers” between branches of government Ex: England’s Government King-enforced laws Parliament-made laws Judges-interpreted laws

48 DISCUSS: What might happen if Police Officers were the ones who determined the people they arrested guilty instead of judges or juries?

49 Jean Jacques Rousseau (France)
Viewpoints Humans will destroy themselves if they don’t give up some freedoms Humans create a “social contract” with government to protect themselves

50 Discuss: How are speed limits examples of the social contract?

51 Voltaire (France & England)
Viewpoints Believed in Civil Liberties Trial by Jury of peers Freedom of Religion Freedom of Speech

52 DISCUSS: Voltaire once said: “I may not agree with what you say, but I will defend to the death your RIGHT to say it.” What do you think he meant by that?

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