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 Pilgrims: 1620- Mayflower. Created Plymouth Colony. Leader was William Bradford. Wanted to live a life based on teachings of the Bible and escape religious.

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Presentation on theme: " Pilgrims: 1620- Mayflower. Created Plymouth Colony. Leader was William Bradford. Wanted to live a life based on teachings of the Bible and escape religious."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Pilgrims: Mayflower. Created Plymouth Colony. Leader was William Bradford. Wanted to live a life based on teachings of the Bible and escape religious persecution in England.  Puritans: mid 1620’s Created Massachusetts Bay Colony. Leader was John Winthrop. Very strict religious society…they kicked people out of their colony.

3  John Wheelwright in 1638 left the Mass. Bay Colony and founded Exeter, New Hampshire.  Other Puritans settled another area that same year (F Gorges and John Mason) It was settled for religious freedom. It was named after Hampshire England, Mason’s former home in England.

4  Created in 1644 by Roger Williams because he was kicked out of the Mass. Bay Colony. He befriended the local natives- he bought land from the natives. Rhode Island was seen as a “safe haven” due to its toleration of all religions.

5  1636 Thomas Hooker founded the town of Hartford. It had fertile land. Hooker was a minister that disagreed with the Puritans.  First Constitution in the U.S. called the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.

6  First controlled by the Dutch (Netherlands) and was called New Netherlands  England wanted the colony because of the great river trade and takes it over without a fight.  King Charles II gave the land to his brother- Duke of York and named it New York  Very Diverse in its population of settlers

7  Swedes settled the area then the English took it over to expand their trade.  1 st Delaware was part of Pennsylvania, then with the Charters of Privileges it was allowed to have their own legislature which will later become Delaware.

8  Founded in 1636 by Lord Berkley and Carteret because the Duke of York gave southern New York to them.  It was Proprietary colony.  It allowed ethnic and religious diversity, representative assembly, trial by jury and freedom of religion.  Name after Jersey Island in England, birth place of Carteret.

9  William Penn received land from the King of England to pay back a loan that Penn’s father gave to the King.  Penn was a Quaker and the colony would be a “Holy Experiment.”  Penn designed the city of Philadelphia- “City of Brotherly Love.”

10  Jamestown in First permanent colony in North America by the English.  Wanted to expand the English empire, make money/profit.  Farmed Tobacco- need more workers so Virginia Company offered 50 acres of free land…..colony grew!

11  C. Calvert from England wanted a safe place for Catholics in the New World.  Problem: Protestants outnumbered the Catholics in Maryland and made the official church- the Church of England in Maryland!  Mason Dixon Line

12  King Charles II gave land to 8 wealthy (aristocrats) called Carolina (combined North & South Carolina).  Farmland- Indigo (dye)  1729 created North Carolina.

13  King Charles II gave land to 8 wealthy (aristocrats) called Carolina (combined North & South Carolina).  Farming- Rice  Charleston (Charlestown major sea port)  1729 became South Carolina

14  1733 James Oglethorpe created a colony where debtors in England could make a fresh start in the New World.  Georgia was seen as a protection barrier between Spanish Florida and the rest of the Colonies.  Officially banned slavery and rum for a short time.


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