New England Colonies 1. Massachusetts *Pilgrims – Mayflower compact *Puritans
Massachusetts Bay Colony Massachusetts Bay Colony Massachusetts Bay Colony
New England Colonies 2. Connecticut Thomas Hooker – Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
New England Colonies 3. New Hampshire John Wheelwright established 1st town, Exeter governed by the Exeter Compact, which was based on the Mayflower Compact John Wheelwright established 1st town, Exeter governed by the Exeter Compact, which was based on the Mayflower Compact
Dissention in the Bay Colony Dissention in the Bay Colony Dissention in the Bay Colony
New England Colonies 4. Rhode Island Roger Williams – run out of Massachusetts and set up RI to practice religion the way he wanted
Middle Colonies Religious freedom attracted many groups. Hudson and Delaware rivers supported shipping and commerce. Rich soil and mild winters were favorable for farming and raising livestock
New York and New Jersey New York and New Jersey New York and New Jersey
Middle Colonies 1. New York Originally New Netherland and was founded by the Dutch, poor leadership and when Duke of York (England) attacked no one wanted to support the governor.
Middle Colonies 2. New Jersey Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkeley – friends of the Duke of York he gave the land the start the colony of NJ, they attracted settlers by promising freedom of religion
Pennsylvania and Delaware Pennsylvania and Delaware Pennsylvania and Delaware
Middle Colonies 3. Pennsylvania William Penn – came from a wealthy family that was given a large land grant by the King. He joined the Quakers and established PA as a colony for the Quakers.
Middle Colonies 4. Delaware Started out as a part of PA; William Penn granted that area their own assembly and they later founded the colony of DE
Southern Colonies soil and climate of this region were suitable for warm- weather crops such as tobacco, rice, and indigo
Southern Colonies 1. Virginia Jamestown – 1607; first permanent English settlement in America
Maryland, Carolina, and Georgia Maryland, Carolina, and Georgia Maryland, Carolina, and Georgia
Southern Colonies 2. Maryland Lord Baltimore established MD for Roman Catholics fleeing persecution in England
Southern Colonies 3. Carolinas A refuge for French protestants. Spanish threatened to attack; owners refused to help. So colonist overthrew the company and they became a royal colony. Then divided into North Carolina and South Carolina.
Southern Colonies 4. Georgia James Oglethorpe founded GA as a refuge for debtors.