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1 The Thirteen Colonies. 2 Students will Know… ► The Original Thirteen Colonies and be able to label them on a map ► When each colony was founded ► Who.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The Thirteen Colonies. 2 Students will Know… ► The Original Thirteen Colonies and be able to label them on a map ► When each colony was founded ► Who."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The Thirteen Colonies

2 2 Students will Know… ► The Original Thirteen Colonies and be able to label them on a map ► When each colony was founded ► Who founded each colony ► The major economic activity the colony was known for

3 3 When the Colonies were Founded ► Virginia (1607) ► Massachusetts (1620) ► New York (1626) ► Maryland (1633) ► Rhode Island (1636) ► Connecticut (1636) ► Delaware (1638) ► New Hampshire (1638) ► North Carolina (1653) ► South Carolina (1663) ► New Jersey (1664) ► Pennsylvania (1682) ► Georgia (1732)

4 4 The New England Colonies ► Massachusetts ► Rhode Island ► Connecticut ► New Hampshire

5 5 Massachusetts ► Founded originally as two different colonies: Plymouth Colony in 1620 by the Pilgrims, and Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 by the Puritans. The two colonies were united in ► Great for fishing, growing corn, and raising livestock. ► Also, great place for lumbering and shipbuilding. ► Name came from a tribal word meaning “large hill place.”

6 6 Rhode Island ► Settled by two different Massachusetts groups and was united in ► Rhode Island was a great place for raising livestock, dairy, and fishing. ► It was also a good area for lumbering. ► The name came from the Dutch, meaning “red island.”

7 7 Connecticut ► Founded by settlers originally from Massachusetts and other colonies. Was named New Haven Colony in 1638 and soon renamed Connecticut. ► Great land for growing wheat and corn and for catching fish. ► Its name came from an Algonquin word, meaning “beside the long tidal river.

8 8 New Hampshire ► Originally part of Maine, but became its own colony in Then from , it became part of Massachusetts. Finally, in 1679 it became its own colony again. ► Great place to manufacture textiles and for shipbuilding. ► It also, had good land for growing potatoes and the water surrounding it was great for fishing. ► Named for the “county of Hampshire in England.”

9 9 The Middle Colonies ► New York ► Delaware ► New Jersey ► Pennsylvania

10 10 New York ► Founded by the Dutch West India Company and was known as “New Netherland.” It was renamed in 1664 when the English took control. ► Area was great for shipbuilding and iron works. ► Also, a good place to grow grain, rice, indigo, and wheat and to raise cattle. ► Named for the “Duke of York.

11 11 Delaware ► Originally settled by the Swedes, but taken over by the Dutch in Then England took control in Finally, in 1682, the land was granted to William Penn. ► Great area for fishing and lumbering. ► Named for the Delaware tribe and an early governor of Virginia, “Lord de la Warr.”

12 12 New Jersey ► Originally settled by the Dutch, but in 1644 it was taken over by England. ► Great place for ironworking and lumbering. ► Named for the “Isle of Jersey in England.”

13 13 Pennsylvania ► Settled by the Dutch and Swedes, but England took control in Then it was granted to William Penn by Charles II in ► Great place to grow and raise wheat, corn, cattle, and dairy. ► Also known as a place for papermaking, shipbuilding, and textiles. ► Named for William Penn and for the Latin word sylvania, meaning “forest.”

14 14 The Southern Colonies ► Virginia ► Maryland ► North Carolina ► South Carolina ► Georgia

15 15 Virginia ► Founded by the London Company (John Smith). ► Great place to grow tobacco, wheat, and corn. ► Named for England’s Queen Elizabeth I. (“Virgin Queen”)

16 16 Maryland ► Land was granted to Lord Baltimore. ► Great land to grow corn, wheat, rice, and indigo. ► Also a good place for shipbuilding and iron works. ► Named for “Queen Henrietta Maria of England.”

17 17 North Carolina ► Settled by members of the other colonies. Granted a private company in 1663 and divided into two colonies in ► Great place to grow indigo, rice, and tobacco. ► Name came from the Latin word carolus, meaning “Charles.”

18 18 South Carolina ► Originally part of the Carolina Colony. Separated in 1711, and became a Royal Providence in ► Like North Carolina it had great land for growing indigo, rice, tobacco, and cotton. ► South Carolina’s land could also support the raising of cattle. ► Like North Carolina, the name came from the Latin word carolus, meaning “Charles.”

19 19 Georgia ► Granted a private company by George II in 1732 and was settled a year later in Savannah. ► Great land for growing indigo, rice, and sugar. ► Named for England’s King George II.


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